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Concepts

The Way of the Intellect


DESCRIPTION: The second of six pages on Concepts (one of the Field Nodes comprising the subject tree of The Telson Spur), this page is one of four comprising a list of links to on-line resources in science studies and in the history and philosophy of science (including the history and philosophy of mathematics and physics; the history of astronomy and cosmology; and the history and philsophy of the earth, life, and social sciences). The coordinate pages, with a common header and List of Contents, contain links to resources in philosophy, and to resources in the dialogue of science with religion and in palaetiology (i.e., historical science, broadly construed).

KEYWORDS: science studies; history of science; philosophy of science; logic; knowledge; epistemology; truth; reality; concept; theory; metascience; STS; historiography; revolution; progress; paradigm; Weltanschauung; world-view; meme; philosophy of science; logic; knowledge; epistemology; truth; reality; concept; theory



Our science has concentrated on asking certain questions at the expense of others, although this is so woven into the fabric of our knowledge that we are generally unaware of it. In another world, the basic questions may have been asked differently.

J. Robert Oppenheimer

The important thing about our perception of Nature is that by the time we realize a problem exists we are already on the way to its solution. We are shielded from the problems we would have no hope at all of solving, simply because we cannot conceive of them. Our concepts are built from the things we can understand, and they serve us very well at our particular level of sophistication. But they scarcely permit us even a glimpse of a more advanced stage of sophistication. This is as well, for otherwise we should soon become discouraged.

Fred Hoyle

Our only experience of a successful scientific culture is of the one that actually evolved, over a period of three centuries, in the heart of European civilization. What principles were essential to its achievements, and how might those principles be safeguarded as this culture itself undergoes radical change?

John Ziman
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[Up] [Down] List of Contents
  1. Philosophy

  2. Science Studies
    History and Philosophy of Science
    History and Philosophy of Mathematics
    History and Philosophy of Physics
    History/Philosophy of Astronomy/Cosmology
    History and Philosophy of Earth Sciences
    History and Philosophy of Life Sciences
    History and Philosophy of Social Sciences
    Religion and Science
    Palaetiology

.
Science Mathematics Cosmos Earth Life Mind Man Ideas
Tools Space Art Rhetoric Power Evil Hope Faith


[Up] [Down]

Science Studies

General Resources
History and Philosophy of Science
History and Philosophy of Mathematics
History and Philosophy of Physics
History and Philosophy of Astronomy and Cosmology
History and Philosophy of Earth Sciences
History and Philosophy of Life Sciences
History and Philosophy of Social Sciences
Religion and Science
Palaetiology


We attain knowledge of the natural world by simultaneously employing two distinct methods. There is that which is particularly evident in the naturalist: the qualitative perception of relationships. This has the virtue that it respects the phenomena we witness as well as our ideas about them. It has the danger that the value we place on the facts is for us to decide. Integrity is essential; without it we shall only find what we intend. The other method is that of construction of hypotheses by logical development from accepted assumptions. ... It has the virtue that we are compelled to face the logical consequences of our assumptions. It has the danger that we may tend to prefer to study only those aspects of nature which yield hypotheses that relieve us from the necessity of decision, rather than those which most closely represent the whole of nature.
Carl Pantin

The pursuit of puzzle solving constantly involves practitioners with questions of politics and power, both within and between the puzzle-solving practices, as well as between them and the surrounding non-scientific culture. But in the evolution of human practices, such interests have governed from the start. What further development has brought with it is not their subordination but the specialization of the functions to which they are put. Puzzle-solving is one of the families of practices that has arisen during that evolution, and what it produces is knowledge of nature.
Thomas S. Kuhn

Epistemology models ontology.
John Polkinghorne

[Up] For Science Resources, see Science Resources.

AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook
Aarhus Network for Science, Technology and Medicine Studies
(Aarhus University)
African Americans Do Science (ERIC CSMEE)
AGU Web Site: Science & Society (American Geophysical Union)
Alan Sokal Articles on the "Social Text" Affairs
Anthro.Net: Science
Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
Astrolabe: Ethical Navigations through Virtual Technologies (ACCAD)
A to Z Guide to Political Interference in Science (Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, Massachusetts)
Australian Centre for Science, Innovation and Society
(University of Melbourne)
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (Harvard University)
The Benshi: Essays from Scientist-turned-filmmaker Randy Olson (ed. Ryan Mitchell)
A Blog Around The Clock (Bora Zivkovic, Chapel Hill, North Carolina)
Butterflies and Wheels (ed. Ophelia Benson & Jeremy Stangroom)
Center for Science and Technology Policy Research
(University of Colorado at Boulder)
Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) Home Page
-- Canadian Edition Home Page
Center for Science, Technology and Congress (American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Center for Science, Technology, and Public Policy
(Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs)
Center for the Study of Law, Science, and Technology (ASU)
The Center for the Study of Technology and Society (Washington, D.C.)

Changing the Conduct of Science in the Information Age (Summary Report of Workshop held on 12 Nov 2010, US National Science Foundation, 28 Jun 2011)
CHESS: Centre for Humanities Engaging Science and Society
Codes of Ethics Online: Science (Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions)
Committee on Science (Democratic Caucus, U.S. House of Representatives)
Concentration of the Most-Cited Papers in the Scientific Literature: Analysis of Journal Ecosystems (John P. A. Ioannidis, PLoS ONE 1(1):e5, 20 Dec 2006)
Coombs COMPARATIV-SCI-L Database
CORDIS: Community Research & Development Information Service
CORDIS | Raising Public Awareness
Council of Canadian Academies | CCA | Independent Scientific Advice, Assessments & Publications
Cross-check: critical views of science in the news (blog, John Horgan, Scientific American)
Cultural Cognition of Scientific Consensus (Dan M. Kahan et. al., Journal of Risk Research, 13 Sep 2010)
-- Why "Scientific Consensus" Fails to Persuade (US National Science Foundation Press Release 10-166, 13 Sep 2010)
De-localized Production of Scientific Knowledge (Webcast of presentation by Peter Galison, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University, 11 Sep 2007)
Deltoid (blog by Tim Lambert)
Democratic Caucus, Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives
Discovery & Innovation (U.S. DOE Office of Science)
DRZE - German National Reference Centre for Ethics in the Life Sciences
EIROforum - Science Policy Opinion Papers (European Intergovernmental Research Organisation)
The Environmental Wars : The Science behind the Politics (Conference hosted by the Skeptics Society, Caltech, 2-4 Jun 2006)
Essays on Science and Society (Science Magazine, AAAS)
Ethics Education Library | Ethics education resources in engineering & the sciences (Illinois Institute of Technology)
Ethics in Science
Ethics in Science (SciEd)
Ethics in Science and Engineering National Clearinghouse (ESENCe, University of Massachusetts)
European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EUROPA)
The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences
(Mitchell C. Brown)
Follow the Money -- The Politics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
(Eugene Russo, PLoS Biology 3(7):e234, 12 Jul 2005)
Foresight (UK Government)
Framing Science (Matthew C. Nisbet)
The Future of Science (Michael Nielsen, 17 Jul 2008)
George C. Marshall Institute
Giving with One Hand, Taking Away with the Other: Canada's Tax System and Research and Development (Kenneth J. McKenzie, C. D. Howe Institute, Toronto, Oct 2006) PDF
GST Gateway | Gender, Science and Technology Gateway
(Women in Global Science and Technology, Canada)
A Habit of Lies: How Scientists Cheat (John A. Hewitt)
House Committee on Science - Home Page
(US House of Representatives)
How Rapidly Does Science Leak Out? (James D. Adams et al., Rennselaer Polytechnic Institue, May 2006) PDF
How Sound Is Bush's 'Sound Science'? (Jeffrey Brainard, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 5 Mar 2004)
The Hypatia Institute (Allison Nies)
The Hybrid Vigor Institute (Denise Caruso et al.)
ICS: Innovations in the Communication of Science (SISSA, Trieste)
Ingenious (Science Museum of London)
The Institute for Science in Society (Julian Haffegee, UK)
Integrity in Science: A CSPI Project (Center for Science in the Public Interest)
The Integrity in Science Database: Scientists' & Non-Profit Ties to Industry (Center for Science in the Public Interest)
Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment That Promotes Responsible Conduct (Arthur Rubenstein et al., U.S. National Research Council, 2002)
Integrity of Science (Pacific Institute, Oakland, California)
InterAcademy Council (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC)
The InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC)
Intercreate Research Centre | Art, science, technology & cultural bridging (Ian Clothier et al., Aotearoa New Zealand)
Interdisciplinary Research (Division of Research, Wayne University, Detroit, Michigan)
The Int'l History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Group
(Douglas Allchin)
International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry - IJLSE (Inderscience)

International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES)
-- German Mirror
International PCST Network (Public Communication of Science and Technology)
The Intersection (Chris C. Mooney)
ISIS Institute For Science and International Security
ISSTI - Institute for the Study of Science, Technology and Innovation (University of Edinburgh)
Keeping science open: The effects of intellectual property policy on the conduct of science (The Royal Society, Apr 2003)
Kira Institute (Jeff Thompson et al.)
The Knowledge Filter and Economic Growth: The Role of Scientist Entrepreneurship (David B. Audretsch et al., Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, Missouri, 29 Mar 2006) PDF
LabLit.com | The culture of science in fiction & fact
(ed. Jennifer Rohn)
Leading Edge, with Geoff Watts (BBC Radio 4 Programme)
Liberating Science from Politics (Daniel Sarewitz, Macroscope, American Scientist 94(2):104-6, Mar-Apr 2006)
The Lightcone Institute (Sabine Hossenfelder et al.)
Links2Go: Science Studies
Loet Leydesdorff (Amsterdam)
The Loka Institute
Looking Back at the End of Science (John Horgan, Science & Spirit, 1 Mar 2008)
Lost in a Sea of Science Data (Scott Carlson, The Chronicle of Higher Education 52:42:A35, 23 Jun 2006)
Mapping Interdisciplinarity at the Interfaces between the Science Citation Index and the Social Science Citation Index (Loet Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, 19 Jul 2006)
MEPHISTOS | MEdicine, Philosophy, HIstory, Science, Technology, OS(so)ciology (University of California at Los Angeles)
Mixing Science and Politics (and Economics) (Michael Shermer, Skepticblog, 28 Jul 2009)
Museum of Women in Science & Technology (Amazon City)
Nature Debates
NCE Networks of Centres of Excellence (Canada)
NCSE encourages federal scientific integrity (National Center for Science Education, 13 May 2009)
The NeoScience Institute
NEXA Science & Humanities Convergence Program at SFSU
-- H-NEXA Home Page
No Sé Nada (Kevin Vranes)
NSF, Division of Science Resources Studies
(US National Science Foundation)
NSF's Scientist and Engineer Statistics Data System (SESTAT)
The Number That's Devouring Science (Richard Monastersky, The Chronicle of Higher Education 52:8:A12, 14 Oct 2005)

Office of Technology Assessment [1974-1995] Archive (Federation of American Scientists)
The OTA Legacy (U.S. Congressional Office of Technology Assessment)
The Online Ethics Center for Engineering & Science
(National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC)
On the Relation of Science and the Humanities (Edward O. Wilson, Harvard University, Dec 2002)
Open Directory - Science: Science in Society
ORI - Office of Research Integrity (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
The Overlapping Magisteria of Law and Science: When Litigation and Science Collide (William G. Childs, Nebraska Law Review 85, 2006)
Policy.com: Issues Library: Science
PolicyNet (Royal Academy of Engineering, UK)
Politics & Science - Investigating the State of Science Under the [George W.] Bush Administration (Henry A. Waxman, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives)
Potomac Institute for Policy Studies (Arlington, Virginia)
Prometheus: The Science Policy Weblog (Roger Pielke Jr., Center for Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Colorado at Boulder)
Promises, Promises (Stuart Blackman, The Scientist 23:11:28, 1 Oct 2009)
Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journals (White Paper, Council of Science Editors, Reston, Virginia)
psci-com: A Gateway to the Public Understanding of Science (UK)
PSTS Nexus (Patrick W. Hamlett, NCSU)
Psychology of Science
Public Interest Report: Journal of the Federation of American Scientists
Public Praises Science; Scientists Fault Public, Media (Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, 9 Jul 2009) PDF
-- Overview
-- Scientific achievements less prominent than a decade ago (EurkAlert, 9 Jul 2009)
-- Commentary (AAAS, 9 Jul 2009) PDF
Public Understanding of Science (Institute of Physics)
Public Understanding of Science (ESRC)
-- Forum Topics - General Discussion (Counterbalance)
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
(Pugwash, Nova Scotia)
PUSET - Public Understanding of Science Engineering and Technology (Office of Science and Technology, UK)
Putting the "I" Back in Team: The Rise of International Teams in Science (Ina Ganguli, SITE, 20 Jan 2014) PDF
Quantum conundrum: Should scientific funding emphasize basic research or technological application? (Discussion, The Walrus, 21 Aug 2007)
The Questionable Authority (blog by Mike Dunford, University of Hawaii, Manoa)
Questioning the Honesty of White House Science (Colloquy Live, mod. Jeffrey Brainard, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 5 Mar 2004)
Radical-Science@EGroups.com
(Radical-Science E-Mail Group, Ian Pitchford)
Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values (John J. Reilly Center, University of Notre Dame)
Report From Yearly Kos: The Intersection of Science and Progressive Values (Chris C. Mooney, The Huffington Post, 6 Aug 2007)
Research Evaluation and Impact Assessment
(Ronald N. Kostoff, U.S. Office of Naval Research)
Resources in Science Studies
Restoring the Integrity of Science (Union of Concerned Scientists)
Rising Above The Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future (Norman Augustine et al., National Research Council, Washington, DC, Feb 2006)
The Role of Scientific and Technical Data and Information in the Public Domain (R. Stephen Berry et al., U.S. National Research Council, 2003)
The Royal Society - Science Policy
SATISrun: Science, Technology, and Society (M. J. Overy)
Saul Perlmutter: 'Science is about figuring out your mistakes' (Interview by Zoe Corbyn, The Guardian, 7 Jul 2013)
Save British Science Society (Peter Cotgreave et al.)

SciDev.net (Science and Development Network)
Science and Engineering Indicators (NSF)
Science and Engineering Indicators: 2000
Science and Engineering Indicators - 2002
Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
Science and Engineering Indicators: 2010 (U.S. National Science Foundation, Jan 2010)
-- Globalization of Science and Engineering Research: A Companion to Science and Engineering Indicators 2010 (U.S. National Science Foundation, Jan 2010)
Science and Engineering Statistics (NSF Division of Science Resources Statistics)
Science and Engineering Workforce Project (US National Bureau of Economic Research)
Science and the Humanities (Richard Poss)
Science and the Inescapability of Metaphysics (Robert A. Delfino, Global Spiral 10:9, 27 May 2009)
Science and the Media: A Web Column by Matthew Nisbet (CSICOP)
Science and Politics (PBS Now, with David Brancaccio, 22 Jul 2005)
Science & Public Affairs (British Association for the Advancement of Science)
Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World: A Report Based on Regional Discussions Between the Science and Security Communities (Jacques S. Gansler & Alice P. Gast et al., Committee on a New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security, National Research Council , Washington, DC, 18 Oct 2007)
-- Webcast
Science and Society Picture Library (National Museum of Science & Industry, London)
Science & Technology Ethics Resources on WWW
(UBC Centre for Applied Ethics)
Science and Technology for National Security (JASON Defense Advisory Panel Report JSR-09-334E, Sep 2009) PDF
Science and Technology Indicators for the European Research Area
(CORDIS)
Science and Technology Policy (NAS)
Science & Technology Policy Institute (RAND)
Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding (Science and Engineering Indicators 2014, 3 Dec 2013) PDF
Science and Technology Studies, Department of
(Luigi M. Bianchi et al., York Univesity)
Science and Technology Studies Resources (Cornell)
Science & Technology Studies, University College London
Science as Culture (ed. Robert M. Young)
Science at Work For Canada: A Strategy for the National Research Council, 2006-2011 (National Research Council Canada, 29 Aug 2006)
Science Café (University of California, San Francisco)
The Science Coalition (Denver, Colorado)
Science Debate (Shawn Lawrence Otto & Matthew Chapman et al., St Croix, Minnesota)
Science Debate 2008
Science -- Essays on Science and Society (AAAS, Science Online)
Science for Judges (Brooklyn Law School)
Science History/Policy Gateway (RDN PSIgate)

Science in Human Culture (Ken Alder, Northwestern University)
ScienceInsider: Breaking news and analysis from the world of science policy (Science)
Science in Society (British Association for the Advancement of Science)
Science Literacy Debate (Matthew Nisbet, CSICOP, 9 Jun 2003)
Science of Team Science (SciTS Conference Home, NUCATS Institute, Northwestern University)
Science Progress : Science and Technology Policy (blog ed. Jonathan Moreno et al., Center for American Progress, Washington, DC)
Science -- Science Collections: Science and Policy
Science -- Science Collections: Scientific Community
Science, Scientism, and Anti-Science in the Age of Preposterism
(Susan Haack, Skeptical Inquirer, Nov 1997)
Science, Social Networks and Spillovers (Olav Sorenson & Jasjit Singh, Social Science Research Network, 26 Dec 2006)
Science Studies Resources on the Internet (VT)
Science Studies, University of Edinburgh
Science Studies Web Server (George Gale & Elam O'Renick, UMKC)
Science Study Center at Virginia Tech
Science, Technology, & Culture (Voice of the Shuttle)
Science, Technology and Innovation Systems Policy Information Map Index
Science, Technology and Society (Sigma Xi)
Science, Technology, & Society (University of Texas at Austin)
Science, Technology and Society: STS Subject Guide
(Catherine McCabe et al.)
Science, Technology, Society (Frank Potter)
The Science Wars Homepage (Science Wars Monitor International)
Science Watch (Institute for Scientific Information)

The Scientific Activist: Reporting from the Crossroads of Science and Politics (Nick Anthis, Oxford)
Scientific Advice, Risk and Evidence Based Policy Making (Seventh Report of Session 2005-06, UK House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, 8 Nov 2006) PDF
The Scientific Communication Life-Cycle model
(Bo-Christer Björk, Helsinki)
Scientific Fraud and the Power Structure of Science
(Brian Martin, Prometheus, Jun 1992)
The Scientific Imagination : Where Do Ideas Come From? | The Second Annual Creative Research Center Symposium (Theresa Lewis et al., Montclair State University Video Repository, Oct 2012)
Scientific Integrity (American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Scientific Integrity (Barack Obama, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, The White House, 9 Mar 2009)
Scientific Integrity (Public Employees for Environmental Reponsibility, Washington, DC)
Scientific Integrity in Policymaking: An Investigation into the Bush Administration's Misuse of Science (Union of Concerned Scientists, Mar 2004)
Scientific Integrity, Presidential Memorandum on (Barack Obama, The White House, Washington, DC, 9 Mar 2009)
Scientific Integrity Program (Union of Concerned Scientists)
Scientists and Engineers for America (Mike Brown et al.)
Scientists for Global Responsibility - Promoting Ethical Science and Technology (UK)
Sci-Tech-Studies E-list Support Page (UMKC)
SCOPE Scientific Controversies On-Line: Partnerships in Education
Security Controls on the Access of Foreign Scientists and Engineers to the United States: A White Paper of the Commission on Scientific Communication and National Security (Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, Oct 2005) PDF
Sense About Science (dir. Tracey Brown, London)
Short-Changing Our Future: America's Penny-Wise, Pound-Foolish Approach to Supporting Tomorrow's Scientists (Michael J. Biercuk, Progressive Policy Institute, 10 Oct 2008) PDF
Situating Science: The Cluster for the Humanist and Social Studies of Science
SKAPP | Project on Scientific Knowledge and Public Policy
(DefendingScience.org)
Society for Social Studies of Science (4S)
-- Technoscience
Software Is Reorganizing the World (Balaji Srinivasan, Wired, 22 Nov 2013)
-- Heavens on Earth: Can a scientific utopia succeed? (Michael Shermer, Skeptic, Scientific American 310:2:77, Feb 2014; eSkeptic, 5 Feb 2014)
Some Superb Scientific Satire
SophiaEuropa (Metanexus Local Societies Initiative)
STEP | Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
(U.S. National Academies of Sciences)
The structure of scientific collaboration networkds (M. E. J. Newman, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98:2:404-9, 16 Jan 2001)
STS Links (Patrick W. Hamlett, NCSU)
-- STS Programs
STS Observatory: A place to watch and discuss science and technology (UCL Science and Technology Studies, University College London)
Talk about science and science teaching (NSTA Blog)
Talking Policy: An examination of public dialogue in science and technology policy (Steve Wooding et al., RAND Europe, 2005) PDF
Third European Report on Science and Technology Indicators 2003
(ed. U. Muldur, European Commission, Mar 2003)
Thoughts from Kansas (blog by Josh Rosenau, University of Kansas)
Towards a Better Map: Science, the Public and the Media (Ian Hargreaves et al., UK Economic and Social Research Council, 2003) PDF
Trinity Science in Society
2020 Science: Providing a clear perspective on developing science and technology responsibly (Andrew Maynard)
Understanding Science 101 (UC Museum of Paleontology, University of California at Berkeley)
-- Science 101: Building the Foundations for Real Understanding (Anastasia Thanukos et al., Science 330(6012):1764-65, 24 Dec 2010; pub. online 2 Dec 2010)
UNESCO Natural Sciences - Science Analysis and Policies
UNESCO Science Report 2010: The Current Status of Science around the World (ed. Susan Schneegans, UNESCO, Paris, 18 Oct 2010)

Union of Concerned Scientists
Unscrewing The Inscrutable (Brent Rasmussen, Goodyear, Arizona)
Using Web of Science for Citation Studies (Sharon Siegler & Brian Simboli, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania)
Virtual STS: Social and Cultural Studies of Science on the Web
(Bart Simon)
WebCASPAR (dir. Teresa L. Grimes)
-- WebCASPAR Login (Backup)
Werbos World (Paul Werbos, Arlington, Virginia)
What happened to evolution at the NSB [US National Science Board]? (NCSE, 9 Apr 2010)
When the wells run dry (John Day, Opinion, The Scientist, 16 Feb 2011)
Who Turned Out The Enlightenment? (Paul Starobin, National Journal, 28 Jul 2006)
Women and Minorities in Science (UIUC)
Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering (Ellen Spertus, MIT)
Women in Science Internet Resources
Women in Sciences and Engineering (Kristina Lerman, UCSB)
Worldwide Guide to Science Studies Programmes (UMKC)
-- Science Studies Gopher Server
-- Science Studies Resources on the Internet

See also Bioethics and Science Policy, Pseudoscience: Content and Critique, and Women in Science and Technology


[Up]

History and Philosophy of Science



This at least seems to me the main problem for philosophers.... How can we contrive to be at once astonished at the world and yet at home in it? How can this world give us at once the fascination of a strange town and the comfort and honour of being our own town?... We need this life of practical romance; the combination of something that is strange with something that is secure. We need to view the world as to combine an idea of wonder and an idea of welcome. We need to be happy in this wonderland without once being merely comfortable.
G. K. Chesterton

The core question remains: How much of science is invented and how much is discovered?
David Grinspoon

Absolute English: How did science come to speak only English? (Michael D Gordin, Aeon Magazine, 4 Feb 2015)
The Academic Family Tree
Accept It: Talk About Evolution Needs To Evolve (Eugenie Scott, Science News, 176:3:32, 1 Aug 2009)
Adolf Grünbaum (University of Pittsburgh)
Adventures in Ethics and Science (Janet D. Stemwedel)
Aestimatio: Critical Reviews in the History of Science (Institute for Research in Classical Philosophy and Science)
African Americans in Science and Technology: Selected Internet Resources (Science Reference Services, Library of Congress)
Against All Reason (ed. Ian Pitchford)
Agassi, Joseph - Online Papers (Tel Aviv University)
The Alchemy Virtual Library
The Alchemy Website and Virtual Library (Adam McLean)
Alexandrian Scholarship (Ellen N. Brundige)
America's Best - Science and Medicine (CNN/TIME Special, 2001)
Analysis--Synthesis (Roberto Poli, Global Spiral 10:5, 1 Sep 2009)
"Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature" (Jonathan Ben-Dov & Seth L. Sanders, eds., NYU Press, 2014)
AntiMatters: An open-access e-journal (ed. Ulrich J. Mohrhoff et al.)
Archimedes - Art and the Science of Invention (Musei Capitolini)
The Archimedes Palimpsest (William Noel et al.)
Archives of POPPER (Juan Carlos Garelli)
Archives of Scientific Philosophy (University of Pittsburgh)
Arguing for wisdom in the university: an intellectual autobiography (Nicholas Maxwell, UCL Discovery, 2012)
The Art of Renaissance Science: Galileo and Perspective
(Joseph W. Dauben)
The Art of Seeing Things (John Burroughs, 1837-1921)
ASAPWeb Home Page (Australian Science Archives Project)
BBC - History - Science and Discovery
Beautiful Science: Ideas That Changed the World (Dibner Hall of the History of Science, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California)
Beauty is truth? There's a false equation (Philip Ball, Aeon Magazine, 19 May 2014)
Beginner's Guide to Research in the History of Science
(Bibliography, Ronald C. Tobey)
Benjamin Franklin (PBS, 19-20 Nov 2002)
Benjamin Franklin: In His Own Words (American Treasures of the Library of Congress)
The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary (The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, 17 Jan 2006)
Binding Friendship: Ricci, China and Jesuit Cultural Leanings (Boston College)
Biographical Memoirs (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC)
Biographical Sources in the Sciences (Science Tracer Bullet, Science Reference Services, Library of Congress)
Biography of an Experiment (Marian E. Koshland Integrated Natural Sciences Center, Haverford College)
Britannica Guide to the Nobel Prizes

British Logic Colloquium (Eike Ritter, School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham)
British Society for the History of Science
British Society for the Philosophy of Science
BSHS List of Theses (British Society for the History of Science)
The Bubble Chamber | Where history and philosophy of science meet society and public policy (Science Policy Working Group, University of Toronto)
Caltech Archives On-Line Guide to Collections
Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science
(York University)
Cambridge Digital Library (University of Cambridge)
Carl Gustav Hempel Collection (Archives of Scientific Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh)
CASE Cooperation on Archives of Science in Europe
Catalog of the Scientific Community in the 16th and 17th Centuries
(Richard S. Westfall & Albert Van Helden)
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Science and Medicine (Volumes 1-24, 1950-1980)
Center for History of Recent Science (George Washington U)
Center for History of Science, Royal Swedish Academy of Science
Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies
(CPNSS, Copenhagen)
Center for Philosophy of Science (Carol Weber et al., U Pittsburgh)
Centre for History of Science (Ghent University)
Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (University of Manchester)
Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science (Ghent University)
Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science (London School of Economics)
Centre for Philosophy of Science, University of Lisbon (CFCUL - Bem-vindo)
Centre for Time (University of Sydney)
Challenger Expedition 1872-1876 (University of Kansas Natural History Museum)
Chinese Science (Ming L. Pei)
Classic Textbooks in Science (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC)
Closer to Truth (Peter Getzels & Andrew Walworth)
Closer to Truth (Robert Lawrence Kuhn et al.)
Closer to Truth: Science, Meaning and the Future
(Robert Lawrence Kuhn et al., PBS)
Closer to Truth - Universe & Meaning
Clusty's Benjamin Franklin Portal (Jerome Pesenti, Pittsburgh)
Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas (Tel-Aviv University)
CompletePlanet - Directory Philosophy of Science
Common Observer | uncommon observations (Alexander B. Fry et al.)
Complexity and Philosophy (Francis Heylighen et al., uk.arXiv.org:cs.CC/0604072, 19 Apr 2006)
Convergence of the Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Engineering (Richard Hake, AERA-L, 14 Jan 2011)
Convergence: Facilitating Transdisciplinary Integration of Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering, and Beyond (The National Academies, Washington, DC, 2014)
Cosmic Variance: random samplings from a universe of ideas
(Sean Carroll et al.)
-- Review (Blog life, Physics World, Feb 2007)
Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy
(ed. Arran Gare et al., Swinburne University, Australia)
Craig Callender (UCSD Philosophy)
Critical Point (column by Robert Crease, Physics World)
The Culture and History of (and of the Humanities) Science Page (Hartmut Krech, Bremen)
The Curious Wavefunction: Musings on chemistry and the history and philosophy of science (Ashutosh Jogalekar, Scientific American Blog Network)
The Cusp of Knowing and the Evolution of Science (Caleb A. Scharf, Life, Unbounded, Scientific American Blog Network, 25 Nov 2014)
The Dark Side of Science (Heather E. Douglas, Opinion, The Scientist, 16 Nov 2011)
A Data Deluge Swamps Science Historians (Robert Lee Hotz, Wall Street Journal, 28 Aug 2009)
David Deutsch: A new way to explain explanation (Video on TED.com; filmed Jul 2009, posted Oct 2009)
Davie & Rog's History of Western Science Home Page
(David Hale & Roger Whitson, Drury College)
Davin C. Enigl
Dealing with Data (Special Online Collection, Science, 11 Feb 2011)
-- Dumped On by Data: Scientists Say a Deluge Is Drowning Research (Josh Fischman, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 10 Feb 2011)
-- A Scientific Gold Rush: Electronic Mining of Published Research (US National Science Foundation Press Release 11-028, 10 Feb 2011)
Death of Famous Scientists (Michael Lahanas)
Video: Debating the State of Global Science (World Economic Forum, Davos, Switzerland, 25 Jan 2014; Scientific American)
DHST/IUHPS (Division of History and Technology of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science)
Diagrammatic reasoning and modelling in the imagination: the secret weapons of the Scientific Revolution (James Franklin, in G. Freeland & A. Corones, eds., 1543 and All That: Image and Word, Change and Continuity in the Proto-Scientific Revolution (Dordrecht, 1999), pp. 53-115)
Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology (MIT)
Digital Library of Indigenous Science Resources (Tapestry Institute)
The Digital Restoration of Da Vinci's Sketches (Amelia Sparavigna, arXiv:0903.1448v1 [cs.CV], 9 Mar 2009)
Discovery and Invention: A Historical Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Society: Sample Articles (ed. James Ciment, pub. M. E. Sharpe, Armonk, New York)
Disruptive Science: Brave New WorldViews (Gerry McKiernan, Iowa State University, Ames)
Does Philosophy Drive Science? A Conversation on Foundations
(21stC Issue 2.3, Spring 1997)
Early Modern Science (Hanover College)

ECHO: Exploring & Collecting History Online -- Science, Technology, and History (Center for History and New Media, George Mason University)
Edge (ed. John Brockman)
Eigenfactor.org - Ranking and Mapping Scientific Knowledge
(Bergstrom Lab, University of Washington)
The Electric Ben Franklin (UShistory.org)
EmergentMind.org, Mapping the Frontiers of Consciousness
(Lian Sidorov et al.)
Epact: Scientific Instruments of Medieval and Renaissance Europe
(Jim Bennett et al., Oxford University)
EPSA (European Philosophy of Science Association)
Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography
(Eric W. Weisstein)
European Society for the History of Science
European Philosophy of Science Association (EPSA, Munich)
Evidence | How Do We Know What We Know? A Case Study in Human Origins (Exploratorium)
Evolution of Evolution - 150 Years of Darwin's "On the Origin of Species" (Special Report, US National Science Foundation, 11 Feb 2009)
Evolving the Scientific Method (Kevin Kelly, The Scientist 24:12:30, 1 Dec 2010)
Expeditions: 150 Years of Smithsonian Research in Latin America
Experimental Philosophy (blog by Adam Feltz et al.)
Exploring Leonardo (Science Learning Network)
The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences
Famous Scottish Technologists and Scientists (The IEE)
Farewell to Norman Jay Levitt (1943-2009) (Michael Shermer, SkepticBlog, 27 Oct 2009)
The Fictional Aether (Mark D. Hannam, Cardiff University, UK)
-- Review (Physics World, 27 Nov 2014)
Finding Franklin: Benjamin Franklin Resource Guide
(Kenneth Drexler et al., Library of Congress, Feb 2006)
Five Great Pillars (Richard A. Carrigan)
Foolproof (Brian Hayes, Computing Science, American Scientist 95(1):10-15, Jan-Feb 2007)
Foundations of Structuralism Project (Bristol University)
4000 Years of Women in Science
Franklin and His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth-Century America (National Portrait Gallery)
From Certainty to Uncertainty: The Story of Science and Ideas in the Twentieth Century (F. David Peat, US National Research Council, 2002)
From Knowledge to Wisdom (Nicholas Maxwell, University College London)
From My Archives: Quark Inventor Murray Gell-Mann Doubts Science Will Discover "Something Else" (John Horgan, Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network, 17 Dec 2013)
From Sputnik to NDEA: The Changing Role of Science During the Cold War (Garrett Moritz, 1999)

GEOcosmoHISTORY (Gregory A. Good)
Geometry.net | History of Science
Geometry.net | Philsophy of Science
Geometry.net | Scientists
The Giant's Shoulders | A monthly science blogging event about classic science papers (Thony Christie & Greg Gbur et al.)
-- Review (Web life, Physics World, 27 Jun 2013)
The Global Campus - Science History
The golden quarter: Why has human progress ground to a halt? (Michael Hanlon, Aeon Magazine, 3 Dec 2014)
Great Canadian Scientists
-- SFU Mirror
Great Experiments (Ergito.com)
The Great Matrix of Being (William Grassie, Metanexus, 26 Feb 2013)
Great Thinkers and Visionaries on the Net (Alexander Chislenko)
Greek and Roman Science and Technology
(T. E. Rihll, University of Wales Swansea)
Green Lion Press (William H. Donahue & Dana Densmore, Santa Fe, New Mexico)
Greg Ransom -- Home Page
Growth rates of modern science: A bibliometric analysis based on the number of publications and cited references (Lutz Bornmann & Roediger Mutz, arXiv:1402.4578 [cs.DL], 19 Feb 2014, revised)
-- Global scientific output doubles every nine years (Richard Van Noorden, Nature News Blog, 7 May 2014)
The Gruber Prizes (Peter & Patricia Gruber Foundation, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands)
HAPSAT - History and Philosophy of Science and Technology Graduate Student Union (Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto)
Historical Text Archive | History of Science (Don Mabry)
The History and Nature of Science (US National Science Teachers Association)
History and Philosophy of Science Gopher (UT)
(History and) Philosophy of Science Institutions (Samuel Schindler, EPSA)
History and Philosophy of Science Subject Guide
(University of Pittsburgh)
The History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and Medicine: A Selection of Web and Other Sources (Thomas B. Settle)
History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge

History of the Journal Nature (Arran Frood et al., Nature Publishing Group, London)
History of Recent Science & Technology (Dibner Institute, MIT)
History of Science (Hopkins Philosophy Pages)
History of Science (Leeds PRS-LTSN)
History of Science (The Royal Society)
History of Science (SciEd)
History of Science and Mathematics
(Michael L. Hall, University of Maryland)
History of Science and Mathematics (Peter Losin)
History of Science and Scholarship in the Netherlands (Dutch History of Science Web Centre)
History of Science and Science Museums (McGill Physics)
History of Science and Technology (University of Wisconsin Digital Collections)
History of Science, Mathematics and Technology
(Bob Bruen's History of Science Page)
History of Science on the Internet (DHS/IUHPS)
History of Science Society
History of Science Society (UW Departments Web Server)
History of Science, Technology, and Medicine: A Guide To Research Materials (UM Libraries)
History of Science, Technology and Medicine - Overview
(Virtual Library, Tim Sherratt)
-- Biographical Dictionary
-- Search

History of Science TV Theme - Discovery Channel School
History of Science Web Site (ed. Raffaele Pisano, University of Rome)
The History of Women & Science, Health, & Technology Gopher
HOPOS - The International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science (Virginia Tech)
-- Archives of HOPOS-L@LISTSERV.ND.EDU
How to Learn to Think Like a Scientist (Without Being a Geek), Or: What it was Like Teaching a Course in Skepticism 101? (Michael Shermer, Skepticblog, 3 Jul 2012)
How wonder works (Jesse Prinz, Aeon Magazine, 21 Jun 2013)
HPSST-L@POST.QUEENSU.CA, Archives of
(History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching)
H-Sci-Med-Tech: Home
HSS-L (History of Science Society)
Humans in the Cosmos (blog, Neil Paul Cummins)
Human Strategies in Complexity: Philosophical Foundations for a Theory of Evolutionary Systems (Wolfgang Hofkirchner et al., Vienna)
The Humboldt Scientific Locality Index
Hypatia, Ancient Alexandria’s Great Female Scholar (Sarah Zielinski, Smithsonian Magazine, 15 Mar 2010)
Hypatia and the Clash of Civilizations in Late Antiquity (Evaggelos Valianatos, Op-Ed, Truthout, 19 Sep 2010)
Hypatia of Alexandria (Alexandria on the Web)
Hypatia of Alexandria (Howard A. Landman)
The Hypatia Institute (Allison Nies)
The Idea of Design in Nature: Science or Phenomenology? (Jakob Wolf, Global Spiral, 28 May 2009)
The Ideological Immune System: Resistance to New Ideas in Science (Jay Stuart Snelson, Skeptic 1:4, 1992; eSkeptic, 26 Jan 2011)
Idle Theory: Life Does the Least (Chris Davis, UK)
IHPST - Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (University of Toronto)
Important Moments in Science and Natural History - 20th Century
(Gary D. Sharp)
-- 300BC to 19th Century Heritage: Science and Natural History
The Increasingly Official Mary Midgley Webpage
(Nicholas Matzke)
In Defense of Science (Scientific American In-Depth Report, 22 Jul 2014)
In praise of natural philosophy: a revolution for thought and life (Nicholas Maxwell, UCL Discovery, 2012)
Institute and Museum of History of Science - Florence

Institute for History and Foundations of Science
(University of Utrecht)
Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (University of Toronto)
Institute for the History of Science (IGN Frankfurt am Main)
Institute for the History of Science and Technology
(Russian Academy of Sciences)
Institute for Research in Classical Philosophy and Science
(Princeton, New Jersey)
The Institute - Institute and Museum of the History of Science (Florence, Italy)
Institute Vienna Circle --- Homepage
Instituto de la Ciencia y Tecnological en America Latina (ICTAL)
Interdisciplinary Studies, Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton)
International Academy of the History of Science
International Society for Hermeneutics and Science (Budapest and New York)
Internet for History and Philosophy of Science
(James Sumner, RDN)
Internet History of Science Sourcebook (ed. Paul Halsall)
An Introduction to Science (Steven D. Schafersman)
ISHPS | The Israeli Society for History & Philosophy of Science
Isis - Journal of the History of Science Society
-- Electronic Edition
Islamic Science (Jamil Ragep, University of Oklahoma)
Is Science Killing the Soul? (Richard Dawkins & Steven Pinker, 10 Feb 1999, Edge 3rd Culture)
Is There a Purpose in Nature? How to Navigate Between the Scylla of Mechanism and Charybid of Teleology (Forum 2000 Workshop Papers, 22-25 Mar 1998; ed. Ivan M. Havel, Prague Sep 1998)
It's Only A Theory: A blog devoted to general philosophy of science (ed. Gabriele Contessa, Carleton University, Ottawa)
The James Burke Web Repository (Peter Kim)
Jesuits and the Sciences: 1540-1995 (Eric Holzenberg et al.)
Joe Firmage (Joseph P. Firmage)
John Baptist Porta, Natural Magick (Scott L. Davis)
Joseph Needham Home Page (Christopher Cullen)
Journal of Evolution and Technology (ed. James Hughes, Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies)
The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law
(ed. Jason Borenstein)

Kant and the Laws of Nature, International Research Network on (Michela Massimi et al.)
KLI Theory Lab (Thomas Klemm et al., Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research)
Knowledge to Wisdom (Nicholas Maxwell et al., Friends of Wisdom)
Lakatos (London School of Economics)
Leeds History and Philosophy of Science
(School of Philosophy, University of Leeds)
Leonardo da Vinci: Experience, Experiment and Design
(Victoria and Albert Museum, London)
The Leonardo da Vinci Society (London)
Links2Go: History and Philosophy of Science
The lost art of the letter (Robert P. Crease, Critical Point, Physics World, Jan 2007)
Machine envy: Science is becoming a cult of hi-tech instruments (Philip Ball, Aeon Magazine, 7 Jan 2014)
Map of Science (Richard Klavans & Kevin Boyack)
Map of science (W. Bradford Paley)
Mappermap.com (Albert G. Fonda)
Maps of Science (Dick Klavans, Directions Magazine, 10 May 2006)
Mary Hesse, Website in Honour of
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
MeaningofLife.tv (ed. Robert Wright)
Medieval Science (Hanover College)
Memories of Phil and Phylis Morrison (Herb Lin & Bert Singer)
Metascience (SpringerLink)
Metascience | Metascience of science (ANR project Metascience)
Metatheoria -- Journal of Philosophy and History of Science (Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Buenos Aires)
Michael Polanyi Center for Complexity, Information, and Design
The Mind of Leonardo - The Universal Genius at Work (Institute and Museum of the History of Science, Florence)
Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis)
Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science (ed. C. Kenneth Waters et al., Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science, U of M, 1956-1990)
The Missing Link: A Podcast on the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology (Elizabeth Green Musselman)
A model world: How far should we trust scientific models? (Jon Turney, Aeon Magazine, 16 Dec 2013)
Modern Europe: Science (Hanover College)
MSL Subject Guide: History of Science
(Vernon Kisling, UF Smathers Libraries)
Much Ado about Nothing (Michael Shermer, Scientific American, 27 Apr 2012)
Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford
Muslim Scientists and Islamic Civilization (A. Zahoor)
NAHSTE: Navigational Aids for the History of Science, Technology and the Environment (RSLP, Edinburgh)
Naomi Oreskes (University of California San Diego)
National Academy of Sciences: InterViews (Washington, DC)
Naturalism.org (Thomas W. Clark)
The Nature of Science and the Scientific Method (Christine V. McLelland, Geeological Society of America, Aug 2006
The Nature of Scientific Proof in the Age of Simulations (Kevin Heng, American Scientist 102:3:174, May-Jun 2014)
NetSERF: Science and Technology (ed. Andrea R. Harbin)

The new idols (Robert P. Crease, Physics World, 13 Jun 2013)
A New Philosophical Guide for the Sciences: Ontology without Reduction (Roy Clouser, Global Spiral 10:5, 1 Sep 2009)
Newsgroup: sci.philosophy.meta
Nick Bostrom's Home Page
Nicholas Maxell (papers, UCL Discovery)
19th Century Scientific American Home Page
Nobel Centennial (CNN.com Special, Dec 2001)
The Nobel Channel Home Page
Nobel E-Museum (Nobel Foundation)
Nobel Prize (CBC News In Depth)
The Nobel Prize Internet Archive
The Nobel: Visions of Our Century (prod. Colleen Wilson & Angela Morgenstern, PBS/KQED, 12 Dec 2001)
Nuncius: Journal of the History of Science (Institute and Museum of the History of Science, Florence)
Obama outlines science vision (Michael Banks, Physics World, 27 Apr 2009)
Old Norse Science (Thorsteinn Vilhjalmsson)
On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct In Research (NAS)
On Truth & Reality (Karene Jade Howie & Geoff Haselhurst, SpaceandMotion.com)
1000-2000 A Thousand Years (Christian Science Monitor)
Only Clouds Exist (mod. John Conway)
On Truth & Reality: The Spherical Standing Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) in Space (Karene Jade Howie & Geoff Haselhurst, SpaceandMotion.com)
Open Access and the Progress of Science (Alma Swan, Macroscope, American Scientist 95(3):197-9, May-Jun 2007)
The Pantaneto Forum (Nigel Sanitt)
Peoples Archive (Vitek & Tamara Tracz et al.)
The Phenomenon of Science: A Cybernetic Approach to Human Evolution (Valentin Turchin, 1977)

Philo Online (Society of Humanist Philosophers)
PHIL 377: History and Philosophy of Science
(Charles Ess, Drury College)
Philosophic Nature (Excogitation & Innovation Laboratory)
Philosophy and Computing - A Webliography (Luciano Floridi)
Philosophy, Cosmology, & Consciousness (Richard Kahn et al., California Institute of Integral Studies)
Philosophy, Information Theory, Complexity
(John Collier, University of KwaZulu)
Philosophy of Information (Luciano Floridi, University of Oxford)
Philosophy of Science (Hopkins Philosophy Pages)
Philosophy of Science (Hopkins Philosophy Pages 2)
Philosophy of Science (Leeds PRS -LTSN)
Philosophy of Science (Purely Academic...)
Philosophy of Science (Roger Jones)
Philosophy of Science, etc. (Peter King)
Philosophy of Science and Mathematics Events in Britain
(Mike Brown & Brendan Larvor)
Philosophy of Science and Mathematics on the Internet
(University of Hertfordshire)
Philosophy of Science Association (Columbia, South Carolina)
The Philosophy of Science, Evolution, and Scientific Creationism
(Don Lindsay)
Philosophy of Science Portal
PhilSci Archive (Philosophy of Science Archive)
PHIS - The Danish Research School in Philosophy, History of Ideas and History of Science (Vincent F. Hendricks et al., University Center of Roskilde, Denmark)
Phylosophy: Ontology Recapitulating Ontogeny (Matt Haber, University of Utah)

Pictures of Science: 700 Years of Scientific and Medical Illustration (NYPL Digital Gallery)
Piet Hut (Interdisciplinary Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton)
Places & Spaces: Mapping Science (Katy Borner et al., New York Hall of Science)
-- Atlas of Science Online (Katy Borner)
Plain Philosophy Centre (Mark Plain, Richmond, B.C.)
Playing catch-up with scientific change (Stephen Buckle, MercatorNet, 16 Aug 2007)
The Polanyi Society (Phil Mullins)
Posner Family Collection in Electronic Format (Carnegie Mellon)
The Power of Purpose Awards - Resources
(John Templeton Foundation)
The Power of Theory in Science (Ethan Siegel, Guest Blogt, Scientific American, 15 Jun 2011)
Principia Cybernetica Web (ed. F. Heylighen)
-- Los Alamos Mirror
Profiles in Science (National Library of Medicine, U.S.)
PSIgate - Science Timelines (Physical Sciences Information Gateway)
Reactions to Mixing Metaphysics and Modern Science (Varadaraja V. Raman, Polydoxy, Metanexus Institute, 20 Oct 2006)
Reason in Revolt: Marxism and Modern Science (Alan Woods & Ted Grant)
Recursivity (blog by Jeffrey O. Shallit, University of Waterloo)
Rediscovering Arabic Science (Richard Covington, Saudi Aramco World, May-Jun 2007)
The Research Group for Mind, Science & Culture: An Interdisciplinary Think-Tank (Stephen Asma et al., School of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Columbia College, Chicago)
Resources for History of Science and Technology (David L. Langenberg, University of Delaware)
"Rethinking The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" (Juan V. Mayral, ed., Theoria 27:3, Oct 2012)
Revolting Ideas: An Introduction to the History of Science (Barbara J. Becker, History 60, University of California, Irvine)
The Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science
Russian Basic Science After Ten Years of Transition and Foreign Support (Irina Dezhina & Loren Graham, Feb 2002) PDF
Sarton Centre for History of Science (University of Gent, Belgium)
Science and the Human Prospect (Ronald C. Pine, 1989, 2006; online ed. 2001, 2004)
Science and the Inescapability of Metaphysics (Robert A. Delfino, Global Spiral, 27 May 2009)
Science and Pseudoscience (Imre Lakatos, Open University, 30 Jun 1973)
Science as Storytelling for Teaching the Nature of Science (B.R. Bickmore & D.A. Grandy, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota)
Science in the Nineteenth-Century Periodical (SciPer) Project
(J. R. Topham et al., Universities of Leeds and Sheffield)
Science Integration Institute (Todd Duncan)
Science Matters (Don Howard, University of Notre Dame)
Science Musings (Chet Raymo)
The Science Network (dir. Roger Bingham)
The Science of Right and Wrong (Michael Shermer, Scientific American 304(1):83, Jan 2011; eSkeptic, 12 Jan 2011)
Science Philosophy Culture (Dan Agin, Google Groups)
Science -- Science Collections: History/Philosophy of Science
Science through the Centuries (University of Cambridge)
Scientiae | Disciplines of Knowing in the Early Modern World [ca. 1450-1750] (Academia Scientiae)
The Scientific & Medical Network Home Page
The Scientific Method (Melvyn Bragg et al., In Our Time, BBC Radio 4, 26 Jan 2012)
Scientific Revolution (Ellis L. Knox, History of Western Civilization)
The Scientific Revolution (Robert A. Hatch)
Scientists' Bookshelf: 100 (or so) Books That Shaped a Century of Science (Philip & Phylis Morrison, American Scientist, Nov-Dec 1999)
Scientists split over Scottish independence vote (Elizabeth Gibney, Nature News & Comment, 9 Sep 2014)
The Scottish Science Hall of Fame (National Library of Scotland)

Sci-Philately: A Selective History of Science on Stamps
(Maiken Naylor, University of Buffalo)
The Secret Life of Scientists (PBS NOVA)
Seeing Is Believing: 700 Years of Scientific and Medical Illustration (New York Public Library Exhibition on Scientific and Medical Illustration)
Seeing the Thunder: Insight and Intuition in Science, Mathematics and Religion (Kathleen L. Housley, Global Spiral, 1 Dec 2009)
Selected Internet Resources: History of Science (BARD)
Selected Web Resources in the History of Science (Marianne Stowell Bracke & Paul J. Bracke, Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, Winter 1999)
Sentient Developments: Transhumanist Perspectives on Science, Philosophy, History, and the Future of Intelligent Life (George P. Dvorsky)
Shifting Science: Philosophy of Science (Michael Joyce)
SHiPS Science Teachers Network (ed. Douglas Allchin)
The Significance of Unity and Diversity for the Disciplines of Mathematics and Physics (Daniel F. M. Strauss, Global Spiral 10:5, 1 Sep 2009)
SJSU Virtual Museum: The History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology (Robertta H. Barba, San Jose State University)
Smithsonian Science Service Historical Image Collection 1926-1976
Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective (James Collier et al.)
Society for the Philosophy of Information
Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (University of Twente, The Netherlands)
Sources for Quotations in the Sciences (Library of Congress)
Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto)
The spot in the shadow (Robert P. Crease, Physics World, 13 Feb 2014)
State of the World's Science 2013 (Scientific American Reports, 20 Sep 2013)
Steve Fuller, Home Page of (University of Warwick)
Sydney Centre for the Foundations of Science (University of Sydney)
Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science (UPV/EHU, University of the Basque Country)
Theory & Science Journal (International Consortium for Alternative Academic Publication)
The Third Culture: Beyond the Scientific Revolution
(ed. John Brockman, 1995)
Thomas Kuhn: the man who changed the way the world looked at science (John Naughton, The Observer, 19 Aug 2012)
Thought Experiments (Lawrence Souder)
Tilburg Center for Logic and Philosophy of Science (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)
Timelinescience - One Thousand Years of Scientific Thought
Time 100: Scientists and Thinkers
Today In Science History
Tools for Thinking (David Brooks, Op-Ed, New York Times, 28 Mar 2011)
-- What scientific concept would improve everybody's cognitive toolkit? (The Edge World Question Center, Question 2011)
Top 100 Stories of 2009 | Discover Magazine (Jan-Feb 2010)
The TPM Science Portal (The Philosophers' Magazine on the Internet)

Trailblazing: Three and a half centuries of Royal Society publishing (The Royal Society, London)
-- Review (Web life, Physics World, 2 May 2010)
The Truth Wears Off (Jonah Lehrer, Annals of Science, The New Yorker, 13 Dec 2010) PDF
Transhumanist Resources (Anders Sandberg)
Turning the Pages (The Royal Society)
Twisted History (Richard D. Flavin)
'Two cultures' turns 50 (Robert P. Crease, Physics World, 1 May 2009)
Ultimate Reality Bibliography (Hyung S. Choi, Canyon Institute)
The Unexpected Science to Come... (Sir John Maddox, Scientific American, Dec 1999)
Unification and Revolution: A Paradigm for Paradigms (Nicholas Maxwell, PhilPapers, 10 Apr 2012)
Universal Leonardo (University of the Arts, London)
The Unknown and the Unknowable: A Talk with Joseph Traub
(John Brockman, Edge 9, 11 Mar 1997)
Unusual Method: A Conversation with Steve Fuller About the Philosophy of Science (The Santa Barbara Independent, 4 Sep 2013)
URAM: Journal of Ultimate Reality and Meaning
Urbanomic: Philosophical Research and Development (UK)
"Visual Representation and Science" (Ari Gross, ed., Spontaneous Generations 6:1, 2012)
The Voyage of the Endeavour, 1768-1771
(Natural History Museum, London)
Was Hypatia of Alexandria a Scientist? (filem review of Agora (Alejandro Amenabar & Mateo Gil, Spain, 9 Oct 2009) by S. James Killings, eSkeptic, 28 Jul 2010)
Web Links Concerning the History of Science (IVH Aarhus, Denmark)
Web Resources for History and Philosophy of Science (Leeds)
Werbos World (Paul Werbos, Arlington, Virginia)
Western science severs ties with Russia (Quirin Schiermeier, Nature News & Comment, 8 Apr 2014)
-- Editorial
What, If Anything, Can Skeptics Say About Science? (Daniel Loxton, Skepticblog, 22 Dec 2009)
What Makes Science 'Science'? (James Williams, The Scientist 22:10:29, 1 Oct 2008)
What Remains to Be Discovered?, with Bob May
(BBC Radio 4, Jan 2003)
What Scientific Idea is Ready for Retirement? (The Edge Annual Question for 2014, 14 Jan 2014)
What's So Great About Kant? A Critique of Dinesh D'Souza's Attack on Reason (Michael Dahlen, eSkeptic, 17 Aug 2011)
What We Don't Know (John Hodgman, Wired 15.02, Feb 2007)
What We Don't Know We Don't Know (Gregory J. Gordon, Against The Grain 22:4:18, Fall 2010)
Who knows what: On consilience (Massimo Pigliucci, Aeon Magazine, 8 Oct 2012)
Why I Am Not a Postmodernist (Edward R. Friedlander)
Why I Think Science Is Ending: A Talk with John Horgan
(John Brockman, Edge 16, 6 May 1997)
Why We Wonder Why (Tania Lombrozo, interviewed by Steve Ayan, MIND Guest Blog, Scientific American Blog Network, 8 Sep 2014)
Wikipedia: History of Science and Technology
Wolfgang Pauli, Carl Jung, and the Acausal Connecting Principle: A Case Study in Transdisciplinarity (Charlene P. E. Burns, Global Spiral, 8 Oct 2009)
World History of Science Online
Worldmapper Science Growth
The World Question Center (Edge)
Writing On Hands: Memory and Knowledge in Early Modern Europe
Yale Library: History of Science, Technology, and Medicine
Zeal.com - History of Science

See also Natural History, Science, and Technology Museums, Technological Change & Development, and Women in Science




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