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The Way of the Soul

DESCRIPTION: The second of thirteen pages on Paths (one of the Field Nodes comprising the subject tree of The Telson Spur), this page is the second of two comprising a list of links to on-line resources for the study of hate and violence (in particular: bullying and youth violence; domestic abuse and family violence; torture and the death penalty; The Holocaust; and the Balkan crises). The coordinate pages, with a common header and List of Contents, contain links to resources for the study of oncomemes in general, and of hate and violence in particular; links to resources for the study of pseudoscience; and links to resources for the study and practice of religion.

KEYWORDS: abuse; anger; anti-Semitism; atrocity; brutality; bullying; cruelty; evil; hate; hatred; Holocaust; Kosovo; militarism; misogyny; oncomeme; perversion; psychopath; racism; Shoah; sociopath; torture; violence; war

Reality is the leading cause of stress for those who are in touch with it.

Lily Tomlin
[Up] [Down] List of Contents
  1. Dark Powers: The Pathology of Belief and Persuasion
    Hate and Violence
    Political Extremism and Terrorism
    Religious Extremism and Fundamentalism
    Pseudoscience: Content and Critique

  2. Beams of Light: Religion
    Myth and Mythology
    Religious Studies and Theology
    Ecumenism and Interfaith Dialogue

Dark Powers: The Pathology of Belief and Persuasion

Hate and Violence
Political Extremism and Terrorism
Religious Extremism and Fundamentalism
Pseudoscience: Content and Critique


Hate and Violence

Bullying, Work Trauma, and Youth Violence
Domestic Abuse and Family Violence
Torture and the Death Penalty
Violence Against Women
The Holocaust
The Kosovo Crisis


Bullying, Work Trauma, and Youth Violence

You see all around you people engaged in making others live lives which are not their own, while they themselves care nothing for their own real lives -- men who hate life though they fear death.

William Morris

The charm that repels a Boggart is simple, yet it requires force of mind. You see, the thing that really finishes a Boggart is laughter. What you need to to do is force it to assume a shape that you find amusing.

Remus J. Lupin (J. K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban)

Act Against Violence Outreach Campaign: Bully Victim Conflict
(Beverly B. Title)
Active Shooters on College Campuses: Conflicting Advice, Roles of the Individual and First Responder, and the Need to Maintain Perspective (Sheldon F. Greenber, Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 1(1):S57-61, Sep 2007)
Anti-bullying (Wendy Townsend)
Anti-Bullying Network (University of Edinburgh)
APA HelpCenter: Warning Signs of Teen Violence
Building Resistance, Resilience, and Recovery in the Wake of School and Workplace Violence (Frederick Nucifora Jr. et al., Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 1(1):S33-7, Sep 2007)
Bullies May Enjoy Seeing Others in Pain (US National Science Foundation Press Release 08-199, 7 Nov 2008)
Bullying (CBC News Indepth)
Bullying (MedlinePlus)
Bullying (Talk Helps)
Bullying and the Gifted: Victims, Perpetrators, Prevalence, and Effects (Jean Sunde Peterson & Karen E. Ray, Gifted Child Quarterly 50:2, Spring 2006) PDF
Bullying and Victimization: The Problems and Solutions for School-aged Children (National Crime Prevention Centre, Canada)
Bullying.ca - Canada's Anti-Bullying Website
Bullying Online (dir. Liz Carnell, UK)
The Bullying Problem and What To Do About It (Alan Brandis)
Bullying.org - The Bullying Project (William Belsey, IEARN Canada)
Bullying: A Survival Guide (BBC Education)

Bullying: Where to go for help (UK)
BULLY-L: Bullying and Victimisation in Schools
Bully OnLine (Tim Field et al.)
Campaign Against Workplace Bullying, U.S.A. & Canada
CBC News Indepth: The murder of Reena Virk
(CBC News Online, 14 Apr 2005)
Center for the Prevention of School Violence (NCSU)
Child VIP - Violence Identification and Prevention Project
Columbine High School Shootings, April 20, 1999
(The Jefferson County Sheriff's Office Report)
Columbine High School Tragedy: An Internet Hotlist (Jodi Reed)
Confronting the Evolving Safety and Security Challenge at Colleges and Universities (Oren R. Griffin, Pierce Law Review 5(3):413-32, Apr 2007) PDF
CRY | Crime, Responsibility & Youth (Chuck & Dona Cadman et al.)
Cyberbullying (Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use)
Cyberbullying and Online Teens (Amanda Lenhart, Data Memo, Pew Internet & American Life Project, 27 Jun 2007) PDF
Cyberbullying.org (William Belsey)
Dawson College (CBC News In Depth)
The Denial of Race in the Murder of Reena Virk (Yasmin Jiwani, FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children, Simon Fraser University, BC, Apr 2000)
Examining Characteristics and Associated Distress Related to Internet Harassment: Findings From the Second Youth Internet Safety Survey (Michele L. Ybarra et al., Pediatrics 118(4):e1169-77, Oct 2006)
Facts About Children and Guns (Children's Defense Fund)

From Teasing to Torment: New National Report on School Bullying (GLSEN, Gay,Lesbian,Straight Education Network, 11 Oct 2005)
Frontline: Little Criminals (PBS)
GangResearch.net (John Hagedorn)
A Guilty Verdict against the Odds: Privileging White Middle-Class Femininity in the Trial of Kelly Ellard for the Murder of Reena Virk (Brenna Bhandhar, FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children, Simon Fraser University, BC, Sep 2000)
Harassment and Abuse in Sport
Imagine No Bullying (Canadian Red Cross)
Immediate Behavioral Health Response to the Virginia Tech Shootings (Diana J. Nordboe et al., Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 1(1):S31-2, Sep 2007)
International Victimology Website (World Society of Victimology)
Joel Libin
Jonathan Wamback
Keep Schools Safe: A Collection of Resources... (US)
Kids Help Line - Bullying (Australia)
KNE WebQuest | School Safety (SBC Pacific Bell Knowledge Network Explorer)
Mass Murder in a University Setting: Analysis of the Medical Examiner's Response (Marcella F. Fierro, Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 1(1):S25-30, Sep 2007)
Medical disrespect: Why rude doctors make bad doctors (Ilana Yurkiewicz, Aeon Magazine, 29 Jan 2014)
Mobbing, Bullying, and Peer Rejection (Beate Schuster, APA)

National Bullying Prevention Center (PACER Center)
National Campaign to End School Violence: Ribbon of Promise (US)
National PTA Violence Prevention Kit (US)
National Youth Gang Center (US)
National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center
No Bully (NZ)
Partners Against Hate
PAVNet Online (Partnerships Against Violence Network)
Preventing Bullying - A Parents Guide (Kidscape, UK)
PREVNet - Promoting Relationships and Preventing Violence (Canada)
Protecting the Public's Health Following the Virginia Tech Tragedy: Issues of Law and Policy (James G. Hodge, Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 1(1):S43-6, Sep 2007)
The Quest to Stamp Out Bullying: An Internet WebQuest on Bullying
(University of Queensland)
Reena Virk: The Erasure of Race (Yasmin Jiwani, FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children, Simon Fraser University, BC, Dec 1997)
Report to the President on Issues Raised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Washington, DC, 13 Jun 2007) PDF
Rock Solid Foundation (Victoria, British Columbia)

Safe Together - Preventing Bullying and Harassment
(B.C. Ministry of Education)
School Associated Violent Deaths (CDC National Center for Injury Prevention and Control)
School Bully OnLine
School Safety & Violence Prevention (AskERIC)
The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective (FBI) PDF
School shootings (CBC News In Depth, 13 Sep 2006)
School Violence Prevention (CMHS)
School Violence Resources (US Justice Department)
School Violence: WebLessons (Constitutional Rights Foundation)
7th Heaven (WB Television Network) - 'Teased' Educator Materials
(Turner Learning)
Stopping School Violence (National Crime Prevention Council)
Student Reports of Bullying: Results from the 2001 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (Jill F. Devoe & Sarah Kaffenberger, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC, 27 Jul 2005) PDF
Taking the Bully by the Horns (Kathy Noll & Jay Carter)

Teaching Tolerance (Southern Poverty Law Center)
The Teen Relationship Project (Debra Pepler & Jennifer Connolly, LaMarsh Centre for Research on Violence and Conflict Resolution, York University)
Teen Relationships Website | A Website for Teens by Teens
That's Not Cool (Family Violence Prevention Fund/Office on Violence Against Women/Ad Council)
Thinking About Violence in Our Schools
(Barry Kort & Nancy Williams, The Orenda Project)
A Time Line of Recent Worldwide School Shootings (Infoplease.com)
Tragedy at Virginia Tech (Archive-It.org)
Tragedy at Virginia Tech (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, 16 Apr 2007, updated)
Tragedy in Taber, Alberta (CBC News Indepth, 27 Apr 2004)
Violence Prevention in Schools - International Site
(Visionary Project, EU)
Violence, Racism, and Power - The Ellard Trial (Yasmin Jiwani & Annabel Web, FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children, Simon Fraser University, BC, Apr 2000)
Workplace Bullying (Tony Martin)
The Workplace Bullying & Trauma Institute (Gary & Ruth Namie)
The Work Trauma Foundation (Susan Marais-Steinman et al.)
Yahoo! School Violence
YOA Protest (Canada's Youth Offenders Act)
Youth Violence: A Report of the [U.S.] Surgeon General (Jan 2001)
Youth Violence Theme Page (CLN)

See also Child Safety, Family Health, Mental Health and Neurological Disorders, and Religious Extremism and Fundamentalism


Domestic Abuse and Family Violence

It is dangerous to press upon a man the duty of getting beyond earthly love when his real difficulty lies in getting so far.
C. S. Lewis

For child abuse and neglect, see Child Safety.

AAFAA Home Page (Action Against False Allegations of Abuse)
Abuse/Incest Support (Nancy A. Burnett, About.com)
AlexandraAustin.org (Andrei Robu)
Athena: The Survivors Web Anthology Project
BC Institute on Family Violence
Bishop Accountability (Anne Barrett Doyle et al.)
Blain Nelson's Abuse Pages
Boys and girls alike: Male and female circumcision are equally wrong (Brian D. Earp, Aeon Magazine, 13 Jan 2015)
Breaking The Silence (Linda Halliday-Sumner, Courtney, BC)
Bureau of Justice Statistics Intimate Partner Violence
(U.S. Department of Justice, May 2000)
Canadian Corruption - Sexual Abuse & Political & Legal Conspiracy (Byron Prior)
Characteristics of Families Experiencing Violence
(Danielle Kilmer & Tricia Price)
Children and Violence (Michael Fenichel)
Circumcision Information and Resource Pages (Geoffrey T. Falk)
Circumcision Information Resource Centre
Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence
(U.S. Defense Technical Information Center)
Desmond Hague - Disturbing Vancouver Elevator Video Shows Dog Abuse (The Huffington Post B.C., 22 Aug 2014)
-- Vancouver man repeatedly hits dog in elevator! Ban Des Hague... (Care2 News Network)
Discord's Abuse Survivors' Resources

D.O.C. (Doctors Opposing Circumcision) Home Page
(George C. Denniston)
Domestic Violence (Caroline Dickie)
Domestic Violence (MEDLINEplus)
Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls (UNICEF) PDF
Domestic Violence and Incest Resource Centre (Australia)
Domestic Violence Information Center (FMF)
Donate a Phone (Wireless Foundation)
Education Wife Assault
Elder Abuse (Marci Stocks, The Elderly Place)
Elder Abuse - General Information about Elder Abuse
(California Registry)
Elder Abuse in the United States (Catherine C. McNamee & Mary B. Murphy, National Institute of Justice NIJ Journal No. 255, Nov 2006)
Elder Abuse Prevention and Treatment Resources Page
(US Administration on Aging)

Elder Abuse Prevention Links (Elder Aduse Prevention, California)
Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America
(ed. Richard J. Bonnie & Robert B. Wallace, US National Research Council, 2002)
Facts About Children and Guns (Children's Defense Fund)
A Family Resource Guide on International Parental Kidnapping (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Report, U.S. Department of Justice, Feb 2002, revised) PDF
Family Violence (Stuart Birk)
The Family Violence & Sexual Assault Institute (Robert Geffner et al.)
Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 2006 (ed. Lucie Ogrodnik, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Jul 2006) PDF
Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 2007 (ed. Lucie Ogrodnik, Statistics Canada, 11 Oct 2007) PDF
Family Violence Prevention Fund (Esta Soler et al.)
Family Violence Project (Victoria Family Violence Prevention Society)
FASO Home Page (False Allegations Support Organisation)
The Female Genital Mutilation Education and Networking Project Page (Marianne Sarkis)
The first cut: If you were circumcised, are you a victim? (Rhys Southan, Aeon Magazine, 9 Sep 2014)
Hidden Hurt: Domestic Abuse Information (UK)
"Honour" Crimes (International Womens' Health Coalition)
Hot Peach Pages: International Domestic Violence and Abuse Agencies List
-- HPP Canada
Husband Battering (David Throop)
Info-Circoncision | Circumcision Information Resource Centre
Intact Homepage (dir. Lawrence Barichello)
Leaving Abuse (Heather Jayne)

Links to Internet Resources on Abuse (MJ Bovo)
The Linkup - Survivors of Clergy Abuse (Sue Archibald et al.)
Malignant Self Love (Sam Vaknin)
Men and Domestic Violence Index (VL, David Throop)
Mental Health Net - Abuse Resources
Mental Health Net - Domestic Violence Resources
MenWeb | Battered Men: The Hidden Side of Domestic Violence
Mothers Against Circumcision (Chicago)
National Center on Elder Abuse (US)
National Clearinghouse on Family Violence
(Public Health Agency of Canada)
National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (US)
National Coalition For Domestic Abuse Awareness (US)
National Domestic Violence Hotline (US)
The National Elder Abuse Incidence Study (US)
Never Again Foundation
NOHARMM | National Organization to Halt the Abuse and Routine Mutilation of Males (San Francisco)
NotVictims! (Juliette H. Page)
Nursing Home Abuse (McIver Brown Law Firm)

On the Road to Healing - Resources for Survivors of Abuse (Kayjay)
The Primer: Helping Victims of Domestic Violence and Child Abuse in Polygamous Communities (Utah Attorney General's Office/Arizona Attorney General's Office, Jun 2006) PDF
Project NoSpank (PTAVE)
Public Attitudes Towards Family Violence: A Syndicated Study
(EKOS Research Associates, 31 May 2002)
Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN, US)
Resource Center on Abuse (Joe Mazzafro, Adoption World)
Responding to domestic abuse: Guidelines for those with pastoral responsibilities (Kathleen Ben Rabha, Anglican Communion, London, 2006) PDF
Ritual Abuse and Healing Home Page
-- Canadian Mirror
SafetyNet Domestic Violence Resources (A. Sherman)
Salt Spring Women Opposed to Violence and Abuse (SWOVA)
The Sanctuary Foundation (Vancouver, B.C.)
SBS (Shaken Baby Syndrome) Prevention Plus (Jason Wells)

Sexual Abuse and Child Abuse Among Jehovah's Witnesses
Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Verbal Abuse (HealthyPlace.com)
Shafia trial archive (CBC News, Montreal)
Shaken Baby Website (Joe Jackson)
Shelternet (Canada)
Silent Lambs - Sexual Abuse in Jehovah's Witnesses
Stop Abuse For Everyone
Stopping the Violence (BC Ministry of Women's Equality)
SurvivorsFirst.org (Paul Baier, Boston)
Tackling the Health and Mental Health Effects of Domestic and Sexual Violence and Abuse (Catherine Itzin, UK Department of Health, Feb 2006) PDF
UK Study into the Abuse and Neglect of Older People: Prevalence Survey Report (Madeline O'Keefe et al., Comic Relief and the Department of Health, London, Jun 2007) PDF
Vancouver Rape Relief and Womens Shelter (Vancouver, BC)
Violence Against Children: United Nations Secretary General's Study (Paul Sergio Pinheiro, International Labour Organization, Geneva, 11 Oct 2006)
Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs (ed. Rosemary Chalk & Patricia A. King, 1998)
Violence Prevention Pipeline (BC Ministry of Women's Equality)
Web Resources on Elder Abuse (SeniorLaw)
Womens Aid (UK)
Women's Law Initiative (US)
Women's Protective Services (Sheryl Cates et al.)
Women's Support Services for Indo-Canadian Women
(MOSAIC, Vancouver, BC)
The Wounded Healer Journal

See also Child Safety, Family Health, Mental Health and Neurological Disorders, Religious Extremism and Fundamentalism, and Women's Health


Violence Against Women

Is there such a thing as morning,
Will there really be a day?
If I were as tall as mountains,
Could I see as far as they?
O some sailor, O some scholar,
O some wise man from the skies,
Please to tell a little pilgrim,
Where the place called morning lies.
Emily Dickinson

Acid Survivors Foundation (Bangladesh)
Acid Survivors Trust International (London)
ACOG Violence Against Women Home Page (American College of Obstreticians and Gynecologists)
Afghan Women (Nikki Katz, About.com)
The Afghan Women's Mission (dir. Steve Panners et al.)
AIWUSA Association of Iranian Women
Amina Lawal (Merton Amnesty Group)
The Ashley Smith Report (Bernard Richard, New Brunswick Ombudsman and Child and Youth Advocate, 9 Jun 2008) PDF
Assessing the Attack Threat due to IRC Channels (Robert Meyer & Michel Cukier, Reliability Engineering at the University of Maryland, May 2006) PDF
Bad Client List (Sex Professionals of Canada)
Battered Women's Support Services (Vancouver)
BC/Yukon Society of Transition Houses (Canada)
Beheading and Religious Profiling (Aloysious Mowe, On Faith, Georgetown Blog, 25 Feb 2009)
#BringBackOurGirls [2014 Chibok kidnapping] (The Forgotten Ones Project, Daily Kos, 4 May 2014)
Canadian Association of Sexual Assault Centres (Vancouver)
Canadian Women's Internet Directory : Violence_Against_Women
Canadian Women's March Committee
Casebook: Jack the Ripper (ed. Stephen P. Ryder)
CBC News Indepth: Colin Thatcher (CBC News Online, 19 May 2006)
CBC News Indepth: Pakistan - Land, Gold and Women
(Terence McKenna, The National, 28 Feb-1 Mar 2006)
Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (Hastings College of the Law, University of California, San Francisco)
Child Brides: Stolen Lives (NOW, with David Brancacchio, PBS, 12 Oct 2007)
Child Marriage in the Middle East and North Africa (Farzaneh Roudi-Fahimi, Population Reference Bureau, Apr 2010)
Class Dismissed: Malala's Story (Adam B. Ellick, The New York Times, 9 Oct 2012; 2009 documentary by Ellick)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (UN)
Crime or Custom? Violence Against Women in Pakistan
(Samya Burney et al., Human Rights Watch, Aug 1999)
Date Rape (Mike Hardcastle, About.com)
The Death of Helen Betty Osborne (Vol II of the Report of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry of Manitoba, Nov 1999)
Dominance and Symmetry in Partner Violence by Male and Female University Students in 32 Nations (Murray A. Straus, conference on Trends In Intimate Violence Intervention, NYU, 23 May 2006) PDF
Don't Date Him Girl Homepage (Tasha Cavelle Joseph et al., Los Angeles)
-- ClassAction-DontDateHimGirl.com
Education Wife Assault (Woman Abuse Prevention, Toronto)
Ending Violence Against Women (Lori Heise et al., CHANGE, Population Reports, Dec 1999)
Enemies of Happiness (NOW, with David Brancaccio, PBS, 2 Mar 2007)
The Exploitation of Trafficked Women (Graeme R. Newman, Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice, Feb 2006) PDF
Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Rape Victimization: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey (Patricia Tjaden & Nancy Thoennes, U.S. National Institute of Justice, Jan 2006) PDF
Female genital mutilation (World Health Organization)
-- Publications and documents
The Female Genital Mutilation Education and Networking Project Page (Marianne Sarkis)
Female Genital Mutilation and Obstetric Outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries (World Health Organization, The Lancet 367(9525):1835-41, 3 Jun 2006)
The Feminism and Nonviolence Studies Association Journal Home Page
The Fifth Estate - The Bishop of Bountiful, with Hana Gartner
(prod. Oleh Rumak, CBC News, 15 Jan 2003)
The FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children (Yasmin Jiwani et al., Simon Fraser University, BC)
Full Report of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey (Patricia Tjaden & Nancy Thoennes, U. S. Department of Justice, Nov 2000) PDF
-- Text
Frontline: A Death in Tehran [Neda Soltani] (Monica Garnsey, PBS, 17 Nov 2009)

Global and regional estimates of violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence (World Health Organization, Geneva, 18 Jun 2013) PDF
-- WHO report highlights violence against women as a 'global health problem of epidemic proportions' (WHO News release, 20 Jun 2013)
-- Violence Against Women: Global Picture Health Response (Infographic) PDF
The Good Father [Father Charles Sylvestre] (Hana Gartner et al., CBC News The Fifth Estate, CBC-TV, 28 Feb 2007)
G21 Day One - War on Women (Rod Amis)
Harassment in Science, Replicated (Christie Aschwandenaug, New York Times, 11 Aug 2014)
HelpAfghanWomen.com - A Project of the Feminist Majority
Hexenforschung (Witchcraft Research) Mailing List (Klaus Graf)
Humanity Denied: Systematic Violations of Women's Rights in Afghanistan (Human Rights Watch, 29 Oct 2001)
Highway of Tears (Doors of Hope, Prince George, BC)
-- A collective voice for the victims who have been silenced (Lheidli T'enneh et al., Symposium Recommendations Report, 16 Jun 2006) PDF
How Neda Soltani became the face of Iran's struggle (Robert Tait & Matthew Weaver, The Guardian, 22 Jun 2009)
Human Rights in Iran: Women's Struggle Against Discrimination by the Regime (Y. Mansharof, Middle East Media Research Institute, Washington, DC, 29 Sep 2006)
International Campaign Against Shari'a Court in Canada
(Homa Arjomand et al.)
International campaign for the defense of Women's Right in Iran
International Trafficking in Women to the United States: A Contemporary Manifestation of Slavery and Organized Crime (Amy O'Neill Richard, CIA) PDF
Intimate Partner Violence: Prevalence, Types, and Chronicity in Adult Women (Robert S. Thompson et al., American Journal of Preventive Medicine 30(6):447-57, Jun 2006)
The Invisible War (Kirby Dick)
Iran-e-Azad (National Council of Resistance of Iran)
Iranian Women News (Persian Journal)
Irshad Manji (Interview by Mary Hynes, Tapestry, CBC Radio, 12 Jun 2011)
Jack the Ripper (Metropolitan Police Service, London)
Joint Missing Women Task Force (RCMP Media Relations, Vancouver)
Keynote Address for the International Conference "Violence Against Women: Diversifying Social Responses" (Michaëlle Jean , Montreal, 22 Oct 2006)
The Killings of "Witches": A Chronicle of the Burning Times
(W. J. Bethancourt III)
Malala Yousafzai's Blog
-- Malala Yousafzai BBC Blog
-- Malala Yousafzai (Profile, BBC News, 11 Jul 2013)
-- Malala takes her fight for education to UN (Al Jazeera English, 12 Jul 2013)
-- Malala Yousafzai speech in full (BBC News, YouTube)
Malalai Joya, Defense Committee for (Afghanistan)
Malalai Joya, Interview with (NOW, with David Brancacchio, 2 Mar 2007)
Malalai Joya, Interview with (Daljit Dhaliwal, 31 Aug 2007; from A Woman Among Warlords, PBS Wide Angle, 12 Sep 2007; transcript) PDF
Manjit Panghali Memorial Web Site (Vancouver, BC)
Marina Nemat (interviewed by George Stroumboulopoulos, The Hour, CBC, 4 Jun 2007)
Mata Hari and Edith Cavell: Women, intrigue and WWI propaganda (Nicola Luksic, CBC News, 15 Oct 2014)
Men who hate women on the Web (Joan Walsh, Salon.com, 31 Mar 2007)
Military Sexual Trauma (NOW with David Brancaccio, PBS, 7 Sep 2007)
Military Sexual Trauma Among the Reserve Components of the Armed Forces (Amy E. Street et al., National Center for PTSD, Boston, Oct 2003) PDF
-- [Lane] Evans Releases Military Sexual Trauma Report Suppressed by Administration (Press Release, House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, 29 Sep 2005)
Military Sexual Trauma: Issues in Caring for Veterans (Amy Street & Jane Stafford, National Center for PTSD, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs)
Military Sexual Trauma: Issues in Caring for Veterans (Amy Street & Jane Stafford, Ch. 9 of Iraq War Clinician Guide, 20 May 2004, revised) PDF
Military Sexual Trauma Program (Women Veterans Health Strategic Healthcare Group, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs)
Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women: A National Operational Overview (Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 16 May 2014) PDF
Missing People Net (Wayne Leng)
Missing Women Commission of Inquiry (Wally Oppal, Commisioner, et al., Vancouver, BC)
-- Pickton inquiry slams 'blatant failures' by police (CBC News, 17 Dec 2012)
Missing Women Investigation Review (Doug LePard, Deputy Chief Constable, Vancouver Police Department, Oct 2004; released 20 Aug 2010) PDF
The Montreal Massacre, 6 December 1989 (CBC Archives)
Muslim Refusenik (Irshad Manji)
National Sexual Violence Resource Center
(Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape)
National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center
(Medical University of South Carolina)
Neda Agha-Soltan Becomes a Symbol of Iran Protests Through Video (Nazila Fathi, New York Times, 22 Jun 2009)
Neda Soltan (YouTube)
Neda, young girl brutally killed in Iran, becoming symbol of rebellion (Helen Kennedy, NY Daily News, 22 Jun 2009)
No More
One Law for All: No Sharia Campaign (London)
Online Forensic Nursing Resources (Carmen Rivera)
Overview of International Standards and Policy on Gender Violence and Refugees: Progress, Gaps and Continuing Challenges for NGO Advocacy and Campaigning (Alice Edwards, Amnesty International, 26 Jul 2006)
Pickton (CBC News Indepth)
Porn Up, Rape Down (Anthony D'Amato, School of Law, Northwestern University, 23 Jun 2006)
Rape Crisis Information Pathfinder (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
Remember the Women of Afghanistan (CatEcumen)
Report on the Taliban's War Against Women (U.S. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 17 Nov 2001)
Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)
Sakhi: For South Asian Women
Salt Spring Women Opposed to Violence and Abuse (SWOVA)
SexCriminals.com | News, Info, Statistics, Sex Offender Registries
Sexual Assault (WomensHealth.gov, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
Sexual Assault Care Centre (Scarborough Hospital, Toronto)
Sexual Victimization of College Women (Bonnie S. Fisher et al., U.S. Department of Justice, Dec 2000) PDF
-- ASCII Plain-Text
Sexual Violence, Overview (US National Center for Injury Prevention and Control)
Sharia Law in Britain: A Threat to One Law for All & Equal Rights (Maryam Namazie et al., One Law for All, London, 16 Jun 2010) PDF

Shelternet (Canada)
Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence Against Indigenous Women in Canada (Amnesty International, 4 Oct 2004) PDF
-- Summary of International Amnesty's Concerns
Stop the Abuse of Women and Girls in Afghanistan (NOW Foundation)
Stop Gender Apartheid in Afghanistan (Feminist Majority Foundation)
Stopping the Violence (BC Ministry of Women's Equality)
Stop the Taliban War Against Women Petition
(Caroline Forell & Donna Matthews)
Survey of Academic Field Experiences (SAFE): Trainees Report Harassment and Assault (Kathryn B. H. Clancy et al., PLOS ONE, 16 Jul 2014)
Swat: Diary of a Pakistani schoolgirl (Malala Yousafzai) (BBC Urdu blog)
Taslima Nasrin Home Page
This Happened: Science Online is no more (DNLee, The Urban Scientist, Scientific American Blog Network, 10 Oct 2014)
Toolkit To End Violence Against Women (NCJRS)
Trapped by abuse, the long struggle for women's rights in India (Georgie Binks, CBC News In Depth, 16 Aug 2007)
The UN Secretary Generals database on violence against women
U.S. Women Without Borders (Women's Funding Network)
Vancouver Rape Relief and Womens Shelter (Vancouver, BC)
V-Day: Until the Violence Stops
Victoria Women's Sexual Assault Centre (Victoria, British Columbia)
Victoria Women's Transition House (Victoria, British Columbia)
Violence Against Women (Michael Schelling)
Violence Against Women (US National Women's Health Information Center)
Violence against women at epidemic proportions (Monya Baker, Nature News & Comment, 20 Jun 2013)
Violence Against Women Office (US Department of Justice)
Violence Against Women Online Resources
Violence Prevention Pipeline (BC Ministry of Women's Equality)
WEAVE | Women Escaping a Violent Environnment
(Sacramento, California)
When Love Hurts: A Guide for Girls on Love, Respect and Abuse in Relationships

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women (Geneva, 24 Nov 2005)
Who Was Neda Agha-Soltan? (Photo Essay, TIME)
Why is the media ignoring 200 missing girls? [2014 Chibok kidnapping] (Mary Elizabeth Williams, Salon, 30 Apr 2014)
Witchcraft in Salem Village (Danvers, Massachusetts)
Witchhunt Links (Douglas E. Hill)
The Witching Hours (Shantell Powell)
A Woman Among Warlords, with Anchor Daljit Dhaliwal (film dir. Eva Mulvad, PBS Wide Angle, 12 Sep 2007)
Women Against Fundamentalisms
Women and Girls in Afghanistan (U.S. State Dept., 10 Mar 1998)
Women and Girls in Afghanistan (U.S. State Dept., 30 Oct 2001)
Women and Violence Links (Human Rights Internet)
Women for Women
Women in Afghanistan: A Human Rights Catastrophe
(Amnesty International, London, 1995)
Women in Afghanistan: The Violations Continue
(Amnesty International, Jun 1997)
Women in Crisis (Kvinder i Krise, Denmark)
Women in Islamic Societies: A Selected Review of Social Scientific Literature (Priscilla Offenhauer, Library of Congress, Nov 2005) PDF
Women Living Under Muslim Laws (WLUML)
WomanSavers - Infidelity and Cheating Men's Database
Women's Court: The Permanent Arab Court to Resist Violence Against Women
Women's Health and Human Rights in Afghanistan
(Zohra Rasekh et al., JAMA 280:449-455, 5 Aug 1998)
Women's Law Initiative (US)
Women's Protective Services (Sheryl Cates et al.)
Women Under the Taliban Control (Nikki V. Katz, About.com)


Torture and the Death Penalty

Instead of simply torturing captives, America gets a legal opinion allowing torture.

Michael Byers

For the reasons that follow, we conclude that the military commission convened to try Hamdan lacks power to proceed because its structure and procedures violate both the UCMJ [Uniform Code of Military Justice] and the Geneva Conventions.

Justice John Paul Stevens et al., Hamdan v. Rumsfeld..., U.S. Supreme Court, 29 Jun 2006

For criminal injustice, see also Crime and Criminal Justice (and Injustice).

Abner Louima: Background and Timeline
(Bill Bickel, Crime/Punishment, About.com)
The Abner Louima Case Archive
Abu Ghurayb Prison (John Pike, GlobalSecurity.org)
Abuse Of Iraqi POWs By GIs Probed (CBC News, 60 Minutes II, 28 Apr 2004)
Advocates for Survivors of Torture & Trauma (Baltimore)
AIDWYC | The Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted
The AMANI Trust: Community-based Rehabilitation of Survivors of Torture (Zimbabwe)
Amnesty International and the Death Penalty
Amnesty International Canada: It's Time to Stop Torture
APT Online - The Association for the Prevention of Torture
The Arar Inquiry (Dennis R. O'Connor et al., Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Maher Arar, Ottawa)
-- Report of the Events Relating to Maher Arar: Addendum (released 8 Aug 2007) PDF
Below the radar: Secret flights to torture and 'disappearance' (Amnesty International USA, Apr 2006)
Beyond Reason: The Death Penalty and Offenders with Mental Retardation (Human Rights Watch, Mar 2001)
British Justice - The Portia Campaign
Breach of Trust: Physician Participation in Executions in the United States (ACP/HRW/NCADP/PHR, Mar 1994)
Broken Bodies, Shattered Minds: Torture and Ill-treatment of Women
(Amnesty International, 8 Mar 2001)
A Broken System: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995
(James S. Liebman et al.)
Campaign Against Torture (Amnesty International)
The Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia - A Soldier's Journals
(Robert Prouse)
Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture
Canadians Shot at Dawn (J. Stephens & D. Harmer)
Capital punishment (CBC News In Depth)
Capital Punishment (UN High Commissioner for Human Rights)
Capital Punishment (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics Publications)
-- Capital Punishment, 2004 (Thomas P. Bonczar & Tracy L. Snell, U.S. Department of Justice, 8 Nov 2005) PDF
Capital Punishment in Missouri
Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-1996
(U.S. Dept. of Justice)

Capital Punishment: Life or Death? (Tonya Browning, Texas)
The Case Against the Death Penalty (Hugo Adam Bedau, ACLU)
Cases Involving Diplomatic Assurances against Torture: Developments since May 2005 (Human Rights Watch, 23 Jan 2007) PDF
Casting a Wider Net: Another Decade of Legislative Expansion of the Death Penalty in the United States (Jeffrey L. Kirchmeier, Pepperdine Law Review, 2006)
CBC News Indepth: Guantanamo Bay
(CBC News Online, 19 May 2006)
CBC News Indepth: The William Sampson story (CBC News Online)
CCADP Canadian Coalition Against The Death Penalty
The Center for Victims of Torture (USA)
Church Report - Executive Summary (Vice Adm. Albert T. Church III, US Department of Defense, 10 Mar 2005) PDF
CINAT - Coalition of International NGOs Against Torture
Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons (Washington, DC, & New York)
Committee against Torture (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights)
Committee for the Prevention of Torture (Council of Europe)
The concrete abyss: Why solitary confinement degrades us all (Lisa Guenther, Aeon Magazine, 16 Apr 2014)
Confronting Confinement: A Report of the Commission on Safety and Abuse in American's Prisons (John J. Gibbons & Nicholas de B. Katzenbach et al., Commission on Safety and Abuse in Americas Prisons, Jun 2006) PDF
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, G.A. res. 39/46, annex, 39 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 197, U.N. Doc. A/39/51 (1984), entered into force June 26, 1987 (University of Minnesota Human Rights Library)
Crimes of Hate, Conspiracy of Silence
(Amnesty International, 22 Jun 2001)
Cruel and Inhuman: Conditions of isolation for detainees at Guant´namo Bay (Amnesty International USA, Washington, DC, Apr 2007)
Dangerous Ambivalence: UK Policy on Torture since 9/11
(Human Rights Watch, 2 Nov 2006)
The Death Penalty (Amnesty International)
The Death Penalty (Michigan State University)
The Death Penalty (WPI Americas Project)
Death Penalty Information (Amnesty International)
Death Penalty Information Center (Washington, DC)

Death Penalty News & Updates (Rick Halperin & Joan Brett)
Death Row Speaks
Detainees Investigations (Office of Military Commissions, U.S. Department of Defense)
Detention in Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay: Statements of Shafiq Rasul, Asif Iqbal and Rhuhel Ahmed (The Tipton Report, Center for Constitutional Rights, 16 May 2005) PDF
Do No Harm? (NOW, with David Brancacchio, PBS, 14 Jul 2006)
Don't Taser me, I'm a writer (Heather Mallick, CBC News Analysis & Viewpoint, 24 Sep 2007)
Dustin LaFortune: Better to light a candle (Regina General Hospital, Regina, Saskatchewan)
-- Dustin LaFortune, In support of (Facebook)
-- DustinsGuardians's Channel (YouTube)
-- Google News
The execution of mentally ill offenders - Summary Report
(Amnesty International USA, 31 Jan 2006)
Execution Tapes (SoundPortraits.org)
Face to Face with a Guantánamo Detainee (webcast of interview with Mozzam Begg by Gitanjali Gutierrez, Georgetown Law, 17 Jan 2007)
FAST, Fast Action Stops Torture: The Campaign to Stop Torture (Amnesty International US)
The [US] Federal Death Penalty System: A Statistical Survey, 1998-2000
(U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, 12 Sep 2000)
The Fifth Estate | A State of Denial (CBC News, 11 Dec 2002)
Fitting-up - Andrew Green's Web Site
Five years on 'the dark side': A look back at 'war on terror' detentions (Amnesty International USA, Washington, DC, 13 Dec 2006)
Focus on the Death Penalty: Specific Issues
(University of Alaska Anchorage)
Forbidden Iran (Jane Kokan, Frontline/World, PBS, 8 Jan 2004; Channel 4, 2 Dec 2003)
Friends Committee to Abolish the Death Penalty (Quaker)
Frontline: The Case for Innocence (dir. Ofra Bikel, PBS, Oct 2000)
Frontline | The Torture Question (Michael Kirk, PBS, 18 Oct 2005)
Gallery of State Torturers and Killers (Desaparecidos.org)
The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949. Commentary (ed. Jean S. Pictet et al., 4v, International Committee of the Red Cross, 1952-59; Library of Congress, 11 Jun 2007)
Getting Away with Torture? Command Responsibility for the U.S. Abuse of Detainees (Human Rights Watch 17:1(G), Apr 2005)
Government Documents on Torture (American Civil Liberties Union)
The Gray Zone (Seymour M. Hersh, The New Yorker, 24 May 2004; posted 15 May 2004)

Guantanamo Action Center (Center for Constitutional Rights)
Guantanamo Bay (Guardian Unlimited)
Guantanamo Bay Inquiry (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2004; released 2 Jan 2007)
Guantanamo Human Rights Commission (Birmingham, England)
Hell on earth: Should biotech make life hellish for criminals? (Ross Andersen, Aeon, 13 Mar 2014)
Hidden Scandal, Secret Shame: Torture and Ill-Treatment of Children
(Amnesty International, London, 2000)
Holy Crime (Iran)
INNOCENT - Fighting Miscarriages of Justice (Manchester)
The International Committee Against Execution (Mina Ahadi et al.)
International Committee Against Stoning (Mina Ahadi et al.)
International Standards on the Death Penalty
(Amnesty International USA)
Interrogation and the Question of Torture
(NOW with David Brancaccio, PBS)
Iran: The last executioner of children (Amnesty International, 27 Jun 2007)
Iran: A Murder Mystery (BBC News, This World; BBC Two, 15 Feb 2004)
IRCT, The International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims
Jordan: "Your confessions are ready for you to sign" -- Detention and torture of political suspects (Amnesty International, Jul 2006)
Koran Inquiry, [Brigadier General Jay] Hood Completes (U.S. Southern Command News Release, 3 Jun 2005)
Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions (Jennifer K. Elsea, CRS Report for Congress, 8 Sep 2004) PDF
Leadership Failure: Firsthand Accounts of Torture of Iraqi Detainees by the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division (Human Rights Watch, Sep 2005)
The Lesser Evil: Hard Choices in a War on Terror (Michael Ignatieff, Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, 23 Jan 2004)
Logical and Consistent? An Analysis of [US] Supreme Court Opinions Regarding the Death Penalty (Matthew B. Robinson & Kathleen M. Simon, Justice Policy Journal 3:1, Spring 2006) PDF
MaherArar.ca (Maher Arar Support Committee)
Maher Arar: His Year in Hell (CBS News, 60 Minutes II, 21 Jan 2004)
Maher Arar, The Plight of (Free Maher Arar)
Maher Arar (CBC News Indepth, 18 Sep 2006, updated)
The Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture (UK)
Military Commissions Act of 2006 (109th Congress of the United States of America, 17 Oct 2006) PDF

Miscarriages of Justice UK
MRCT: Medical Rehabilitation Centre for Torture Victims (Athens)
National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (US)
Neuroimaging and the "Complexity" of Capital Punishment (O. Carter Snead, Notre Dame Legal Studies, 27 Feb 2007)
The Neurobiology of Psychological Torture (Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas, University of California at Davis)
New Abu Ghraib Photos Revealed (Special Broadcasting Service, Artarmon, New South Wales, Australia)
"No Blood, No Foul": Soldiers' Accounts of Detainee Abuse in Iraq (Human Rights Watch 18:3(G), Jul 2006)
Outsourcing Torture (Jane Mayer, The New Yorker, 7 Feb 2005)
Physicians' Willingness To Participate in the Process of Lethal Injection for Capital Punishment (Neil J. Farber et al., Annals of Internal Medicine 135 (10): 884 -8, 20 Nov 2001)
Prisoner Abuse: Patterns from the Past (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 122, ed. Thomas Blanton & Peter Kornbluh, 12 May 2004)
The Prisoner - Moazzam Begg (NOW, with David Brancacchio, PBS, 28 Jul 2006)
The Program for Torture Victims (Jose Quiroga & Ann Deutsch et al., Los Angeles)
Project on Extrajudicial Executions (dir. William Abresch, Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, NYU School of Law)
The psychology of torture: Why do we keep repeating Milgram's experiments (Malcolm Harris, Aeon Magazine, 7 Oct 2014)
Redress - Seeking Reparation for Torture Survivors
Religious Organizing Against the Death Penalty (Randy Oftedahl et al.)
"Rendition" and secret detention: A global system of human rights violations. Questions and Answers (Amnesty International USA)
Rendition, Torture, Other Forms of Unlawful Interrogation
(Center for Cooperative Research)
Report of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on the Treatment by the Coalition Forces of Prisoners of War and Other Protected Persons by the Geneva Conventions in Iraq During Arrest, Internment and Interrogation (Feb 2004; MSNBC, 11 May 2004) PDF
Report of the Somalia Commission of Inquiry (D-NET)
Reports of the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions (Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, NYU School of Law)
Review of Criminal Investigations of Alleged Detainee Abuse (Office of the Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Defense, 25 Aug 2006, redacted) PDF
The Richard Colvin Case | FAIR
Saudi Arabia: End Secrecy, End Suffering (Amnesty International Canada)
Saudi Arabia - State of Denial (John Sweeney et al., BBC News, 24 Nov 2002)
Scandals in Justice Magazine - International Edition
Second Periodic Report of the United States of America to the Committee Against Torture (U.S. Department of State, 6 May 2005)
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC)
Serious Errors with the US Death Penalty (Kevin Reid, About.com)
Shot At Dawn (UK)
Situation of detainees in Guantanamo Bay (Leila Zerrougui et al., UN Commission on Human Rights, 15 Feb 2006) PDF
-- Human rights experts issue joint report on situation of detainees in Guantanamo Bay (UN Press Release, 16 Feb 2006)
The Smoking Gun: The Abner Louima Torture Case
SOS - Torture (World Organization Against Torture)
Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights)
Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions (UN High Commissioner for Human Rights)
The Stanford Prison Experiment: A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment (Philip G. Zimbardo, Wesleyan University)
Stopping the Torture Trade (Amnesty International, 26 Feb 2001)
Sumex Mission to the Sudan 2004 - Mission Report (Asma Jahangir, Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, UN Commission on Human Rights, 6 Aug 2004) DOC
Survivors International
Survivors' Page (Sehlat)
Taguba Report [Feb 2004] - Hearing Article 15-6 Investigation of the 800th Military Police Brigade (GlobalSecurity.org)
Terror Trade Times (Amnesty International)
Torture (inJusticeBusters)

The Torture Abolition and Survivors Support Coalition (TASSC): An Organization of Survivors of Torture (Guatemala Human Rights Commission/USA)
Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment: guidelines (Europa SCADPlus)
The Torture Archive (National Security Archive, George Washington University, 25 Aug 2009)
Torture at Abu Ghraib (Seymour M. Hersh, The New Yorker, 30 Apr 2004)
Torture in the Age of Fear (Interview with Ezat Mossalanejed, Tapestry, with Mary Hynes, CBC Radio One, 9 Apr 2006) RAM
Torture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Institute)
Torture in 2014: 30 Years of Broken Promises (Amnesty International, 6 May 2014) PDF
The torture of waterboarding, then and now (Heather Mallick, Stand on Guard, CBC News, 6 Nov 2006)
Torture: Outlawed by convention (CBC News Indepth, 4 Nov 2005)
["Torture Report" Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (Diane Feinstein et al., Washington D.C., 2014; 'Torture Report Finally Released,' NSA Torture Archive, 9 Dec 2014)
The Torture Reporting Handbook (Camille Giffard)
Torture Survivors Network
The Torture Timeline (Annie Lowrey, Foreign Policy, April 2009)
Torture Watch (Third World Traveler)
Torture Worldwide: An Affront to Human Dignity
(Amnesty International USA, 18 Oct 2000)
Torturing Democracy (Sherry Jones, WETA-TV, Washington, DC, 17 Oct 2008)
Treatment of Immigration Detainees Housed at Immigration and Customs Enforcement Facilities (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC, 22 Dec 2006) PDF
Trial & Error (Chicago Tribune)
Twilight in the Box: What solitary confinement does to the brain (Shruti Ravindran, Aeon Magazine, 27 Feb 2014)
UN Committee against Torture (ONCHR)
UN Convention Against Torture (Human Rights Web)
UN Convention Against Torture (OHCHR)
The U.N. Convention Against Torture: Overview of U.S. Implementation Policy Concerning the Removal of Aliens (Michael John Garcia et al., CRS Report for Congress, 11 Mar 2004) PDF
Under The Same Sun
Undisclosed U.S. Detention Sites Overseas: Background and Legal Issues (Jennifer K. Elsea & Julie Kim, CRS Report for Congress, 12 Sep 2006) PDF
U of M Human Rights Library: Committee against Torture
USA: The experiment that failed: 30 years of executions
(Amnesty International, 16 Jan 2007)
U.S. Army Corrections System: Procedures for Military Executions (U.S. Army Regulation 190-55, 17 Jan 2006) PDF
U.S. Army Report on Iraqi Prisoner Abuse
(Taguba report, Feb 2004; MSNBC, 4 May 2004)
U.S. Government Memos on Torture and International Law
(Human Rights First)
U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues (Jennifer K. Elsea, CRS Report for Congress, 24 May 2004) PDF
Victims and Villains (Zim Today, Zimbabwe)
What is the ICRC's position on the reported abuse of Iraqi prisoners by US and UK forces? (FAQ, International Committee of the Red Cross , 6 May 2004)
What Is Torture? - An interactive primer on American interrogation (Emily Bazelon et al., Slate, 26 May 2005)
When Law and Ethics Collide -- Why Physicians Participate in Executions (Atul Gawande, New England Journal of Medicine 354(12):1221-9, 23 Mar 2006)
William Sampson (CCADP)
The William Sampson Story (CBC News, 25 Nov 2002, updated)
-- Interview with Peter Mansbridge (The National, 30 Sep - 1 Oct 2003)
Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America
(James Allen et al., Journal E)
Witness to Abuse: Human Rights Abuses under the Material Witness Law since September 11 (Human Rights Watch/American Civil Liberties Union, Jun 2005)
Working Group Report on Detainee Interrogations in the Global War on Terrorism: Assessment of Legal, Historical, Policy, and Operational Considerations (U.S. Justice Department, 6 Mar 2003) PDF
World Organisation Against Torture
(Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture)
World Organization Against Torture USA
Zahra Kazemi (CBC News Indepth)
Zahra Kazemi (Zahra Kazemi Foundation)
Zahra Kazemi, In Memory of (Free Iran News)
The Zelikow Memo: Internal Critique of Bush Torture Memos Declassified (ed. Tom Blanton, National Security Archive, 3 Apr 2012)
Zimbabwe and the Politics of Torture: Special Report
(John Brinkley, U.S. Institute of Peace, Aug 2002)

See also Crime and Criminal Justice and War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity


The Holocaust

I want to go on living even after death!
Anne Frank (from her diary, 4 April 1944)

Academic Info: Holocaust Studies (Mike Madin)
ADL Reports -- Holocaust Denial: An Online Guide
Aktion Reinhard Camps Foundation International
The American Experience | America and the Holocaust
(Martin Ostrow et al., PBS, 1994)
Anne Frank Educational Trust UK
Anne Frank: Lessons in Human Rights and Dignity (Joyce Apsel, St. Petersburg Times, Tampa Bay, 13 Sep 1999 - 31 May 2000)
Anne Frank Museum Amsterdam (Anne Frank House)
-- The Secret Annex Online
Anne Frank Online (M. F. Miller)
Association of Holocaust Organizations(AHO)
Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State (Laurence Rees et al., PBS, 2005)
Cassutto Memorial Pages (George Cassutto)
The Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC)
Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Peace Studies
(dir. Viktoria Hertling)
Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights
The Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names
(Yad Vashem, Jerusalem)
The Children: Nazi Victims of Auschwitz (Louis Bülow, Denmark)
"Children of Unknown Identity": Yad Layeled
The Children Who Cheated the Nazis: The Story of the Kindertransport (film by Sue Read, BBC Channel 4, 28 Sep 2000)
Cybrary of the Holocaust
Daring To Resist (Barbara Attie & Martha Goell Lubell, PBS, 2000)
The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies
(Gratz College, Melrose Park, Pennsylvania)
Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race
(US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Deceit & Misrepresentation: Techniques of Holocaust Denial
(Nizkor Project)
Documentary Resources on the Nazi Genocide and Its Denial
(ed. Michel Fingerhut)
Encountering Holocaust Denial (Lin Collette, The Public Eye, Sep 1994)

Faces of Courage: Teenagers Who Resisted (Sally Rogow)
Flight and Rescue (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies
(Yale University Library)
Foundation for the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
The Francis and Jacob Hiatt Collection of Holocaust Materials
Genocide Under the Nazis (BBC)
Hana's Suitcase (Karen Levine, CBC Sunday Edition, 21 Jan 2001)
The Heart Has Reasons: Meetings With Holocaust Rescuers
(Mark Klempner)
Hitler: The Rise of Evil (CBS, 18 & 20 May 2003)
Holocaust (Al Filreis)
Holocaust (Jacob Richman's Hot Sites)
Holocaust (Jen Rosenberg, About.com)
The Holocaust (The Jewish Virtual Library)
The Holocaust (Louis Bülow)
Holocaust and Genocide Links (Linda M. Woolf)
The Holocaust Album: A Collection of Historical and Contemporary Photographs (Ron Greene)
The Holocaust Chronicle
The Holocaust: Crimes, Heroes and Villains
(Louis Bülow, Denmark)
Holocaust Denial on Trial: David Irving v. Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt (Emory University)

The Holocaust Educational Foundation Homepage
(David Aaron Meier)
Holocaust Education for Children (Evelyn G. Stahl)
Holocaust Encyclopedia (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Holocaust Era in Croatia: Jasenovac 1941-1945 (USHMM)
Holocaust FAQ: Operation Reinhard (Kenneth N. McVay)
-- German Mirror (Directory)
Holocaust/Genocide Project (HGP)
Holocaust Guide, Edition 2000 (Edith Shaked & Gary M. Grobman)
Holocaust Heroes
The Holocaust History Project Homepage (Jamie McCarthy)
Holocaust Index

The Holocaust in Historical Context (David A. Meier)
The Holocaust: A Learning Site for Students
(United States Holocaust Museum)
Holocaust Memoirs (Alexander Kimel)
Holocaust Newspaper Archive (NewspaperArchive)
Holocaust Rescue and Relief - Digitized Records of the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School)
Holocaust Resources (Social Studies School Service)
The Holocaust Ring
Holocaust/Shoah (David Dickerson)
The Holocaust\Shoah Page (Ben S. Austin)
Holocaust Survivor Oral Histories (Patrick Armatis)
Holocaust Survivors (dir. John Menszer)

Holocaust Teacher Resource Center (Mark Nataupsky et al.)
Holocaust Theme Page (CLN)
Holocaust World Resource Center
Holocaust - World War Two (The Valour and The Horror)
Images for Reflection | Photography by Scott L. Sakansky
The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation
Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport
(film by Mark Jonathan Harris, 2001)
Irving v. Lipstadt: The Judgment (Nizkor Project)
ITS Bad Arolsen (ICRC International Tracing Service, Bad Arolsen, Germany)
Jacob Richman's Hot Sites
Jamie McCarthy's THHP Personal Pages

The Jewish Holocaust 1933-1945 (Stuart D. Stein, Web Documentation Centre)
The Jewish Holocaust Museum & Research Centre Website
KIDSNET Educator's Guide for Haven (Jenny Chrest)
The Kindertransport Association
Last Expression: Art from Auschwitz (Northwestern University)
L'Chaim: A Holocaust Web Project
Learning about the Holocaust through Art
Letters to Sala: A Young Woman's Life in Nazi Labor Camps
(Sala Grancraz Kirschner, New York Public Library)
Life After the Holocaust: Stories of Holocaust Survivors After the War (Joan Ringelheim & Neenah Ellis et al., United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC)
Massuah - Institute for the Study of the Holocaust
The Mazal Library - A Holocaust Resource
Miep Gies (1909-2010)
Movies Dealing With the Holocaust and Catholics - Hiatt Holocaust Collection (Fr. Vincent A. Lapomarda, S.J.)
Museum of Jewish Heritage: A Living Memorial to the Holocaust
(New York)
Museum of Tolerance
(Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center Online)
My Knees Were Jumping: Remembering the Kindertransport
(film by Melissa Hacker, 1997)

The Nazi Olympics: 1936 Berlin
Nizkor: A Response to Holocaust Denial (Kenneth McVay)
-- German Mirror
NOVA Online | Holocaust on Trial (PBS, Oct 2000)
Of Blessed Memory
Open Hearts/Closed Doors - The War Orphans Project (Frieda Miller et al., Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre)
Raoul Wallenberg
Raoul Wallenberg, Angel of Mercy (Louis Bülow)
Raoul Wallenberg Holocaust Collection (Melbourne)
Reach & Teach Worldwide Holocaust Education Group
(Ed Behrendt et al.)
Reflections on the Holocaust (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Remembering for the Future 2000: The Holocaust in an Age of Genocide
(Oxford and London, 16-23 Jul 2000)

Remembering the Holocaust
Remember Me: Displaced Children of the Holocause (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Rescuers during the Holocaust (Mary Mark Ockerbloom & Mark Klempner)
Schindler: His List of Life (Louis Bülow, Denmark)
Sculptography (Joshua Cortopassi)
Seventh Seal - Holocaust & Revisionism
Shattered! 50 Years of Silence (Felicia (Steigman) Carmelly, 1997, revised & updated)
Shoah - Unto every person there is a name
(Andreas Teltscher et al., Holocaust.at)
Silent Witness: The Story of Lola Rein and her Dress
(United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
Simon Wiesenthal Center
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation
(Shoah Foundation)
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
(Ann Barron et al., University of South Florida)
Thinking Towards God and the Evil of Auschwitz
(Anton van Harskamp, Amsterdam, 21 Jan. 1997)
To Save a Life: Stories of Holocaust Rescue (Ellen Land-Weber)

Uncovering the Architect of the Holocaust: The CIA Names File on Adolf Eichmann (NSA Electronic Briefing Book No. 150, ed. Tamara Feinstein, 24 Mar 2005)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
-- Historical Topics (Learning Center)
-- Museum Shop
Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre (Vancouver, BC)
Voices of the Holocaust (Illinois Institute of Technology)
Voices of the Holocaust | Living Words (The British Library)
The Wallenberg Mystery: Fifty-five Years Later
(William Korey, American Jewish Committee)\
Why Remember the Holocaust? (Lowell J. Greenberg)
Winton's Children | Nicholas Winton and the Kindertransport
Witness & Legacy: Contemporary Art about the Holocaust
Witnessing the Holocaust (BBC Archive)
Witness to the Holocaust (Georgia Tech Library & Information Center)
Women and the Holocaust (Judy Cohen)
Yad Vashem | The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority (Jerusalem)
Zeal.com - Holocaust

See also Confusionism, Critical Thinking, and War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

[Up] [Down]

The Kosovo Crisis

Such imponderables as the sum of human life, the integrity of the terrestrial creation, and the meaning of time, of history, and of the development of life on earth, which were once left to contemplation and spiritual understanding, are now at stake in the political realm and demand a political response from every person. As political actors, we must, like the contemplatives before us, delve to the bottom of the world, and, Atlas-like, we must take the world on our shoulders.
Jonathan Schell

Dictatorship leaves no room for responsibility...
Václav Havel

Amin was a mass murderer, and Nyerere had the power to arrange his removal, so he also had the moral duty to do so. Sovereignty be damned...
Gwynne Dyer


ABCNews.com : Kosovo Index
-- A Beginner's Guide to the Balkans
Amnesty UK: Kosovo Crisis Response
Balkan Action Council
Balkan Information Exchange
Balkan Internet Resources (The Balkan Institute)
The Balkan Problem...
The Balkans in the Age of Nationalism (Steven W. Sowards)
Balkans Task Force (United Nations Environment Programme)
BBC News | Kosovo
The Bones of Srebrenica (John Chipman, The Current, CBC Radio, 11 Jul 2005)
Bosnia HomePage at Caltech (Ayhan Irfanoglu & Ahmet Kirac)
CBC News Indepth: Balkans (CBC News Online, 5 Apr 2006)
CBC News Online - Kosovo in Crisis
CBS.com - Crisis in Kosovo

The Christian Science Monitor Electronic Edition
Civilian Deaths in the NATO Air Campaign (William M. Arkin, HRW)
CNN In-Depth Specials - Strike on Yugoslavia
Crisis in The Balkans (Guardian Unlimited, UK)
Crisis in Kosovo (Center for Strategic and International Studies)
Emergency: U.S./NATO Bombings (ZNet)
Erasing History: Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo
(U.S. Department of State)
[US] Foreign Policy In Focus: Eastern Europe Crisis Page
Genocide and Conflict in Kosovo (Stuart D. Stein, Web Genocide Documentation Centre)
Global Beat: Crisis in Kosovo Links Directory
HPI Emergency Response: Kosovo Crisis (Heifer Project International)
Human Rights in the Balkans (Amnesty International)
ICG South Balkans Project: Kosovo (International Crisis Group)

ICTY (International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia)
-- RealAudio (Domovina Net)
INCORE: Conflict Data Service: Internet Guides: Kosovo
Internet WebQuest: Crisis in Kosovo (Judy Gressel)
IWPR - The Institute of War & Peace Reporting
Jane's Defence - Kosovo Crisis
Justice for Kosovo - Massacre at Cuska
(Michael Montgomery & Stephen Smith, American RadioWorks)
KFOR Online Homepage (NATO Kosovo Force)
KFOR Online - Links to NATO/GO/Military Sites
Kosova Albanians (S. Sophie Juka)
Kosova Crisis Center

Kosova Humanitarian Aid Organization
Kosova Info
Kosova Net
Kosovo (Guardian Special Report)
Kosovo: A Bitter Struggle in a Land of Strife
(New York Times LearningNetwork)
The Kosovo Conflict: Consequences for the Environment & Human Settlements (UNEP/UNCHS Balkans Task Force Final Report)
Kosovo Connections (ed. Watts Rozell)
Kosovo Crisis (CANOE)
Kosovo Crisis (ed. Judy Breck, Homework Central)
The Kosovo Crisis (World Health Organization)
The Kosovo Crisis: Drumbeats of War
(Common Dreams News Center)
Kosovo: Humanitarian Crisis (U.S. State Department)

Kosovo Human Rights Flash (Human Rights Watch)
KosovoLinks List
KosovoNet.org - An International Effort to Reunite Families
KOSOVO: News, Background and Resources (UK)
Kosovo Relief Efforts CARE Canada i2K
Kosovo: The Response of the Justice System to the March 2004 Riots (OSCE Mission in Kosovo, Vienna, Dec 2005) PDF
Kosovo (Serbia): The UN in Kosovo - a Legacy of Impunity
(Amnesty International, Nov 2006)
Milosevic's Aims in War and Diplomacy (ICG, 12 May 1999)
MSNBC - Kosovo Front Page
-- Flash Point Kosovo: Casualties of War
NATO & Kosovo: Operation Allied Force Update (NATO)
NATO Operation Allied Force (U.S.)

OSCE Kosovo Verification Mission
OSCE Mission in Kosovo (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna)
Oxfam International - Programs - Kosovo
PBS Frontline: Give War a Chance (dir. Michael Kirk)
Radio B92 OnLine
ReliefWeb: Balkans The Latest
Reports on War Crimes in the Former Yugoslavia (Michael A. Sells)
Serbia and Montenegro: Situation in Kosovo
(U.S. State Department)
Stratfor's Kosovo Crisis Center
Target Kosovo (John Pike, Federation of American Scientists)
Understanding Kosovo/a: A Lesson in Media Literacy
(Katerina Ceman & Mrinalini Rajwar)
UNHCR News - Kosovo Crisis Update

United Nations Development Programme in Albania
United Nations Kosovo Home Page
USAID - Non-governmental Organizations in Kosovo
USIA - Kosovo (United States Information Agency)
UWC Discussion: The Crisis in Kosovo (United World Colleges)
War Crimes and Individual Responsibility: A Prima facie Case for the Indictment of Slobodan Milosevic (Paul Williams & Norman Cigar, The Balkans Institute)
WashingtonPost.com: Special Reports from Balkans
Web Guide to Indicting Milosevic (BosNet)
The World Bank Group: Rebuilding Kosovo
World Book Encyclopedia: Conflict in Kosovo
World Food Programme - Kosovo Crisis
Yahoo! Full Coverage:NATO - Serbia War

See also Global Peace and Security and War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

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