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The Solar System

DESCRIPTION: The first of four pages on The Solar System (one of the Field Nodes comprising the subject tree of The Telson Spur), this page is a list of links to on-line resources related to the study of the solar system, including solar physics and planetary science. The coordinate pages, with a common header and List of Contents, contain links to resources on the planets, on the study of the Earth as a planet (including Earth observation and lunar science), and on small bodies (asteroids, comets, and meteors).

KEYWORDS: solar system; cosmogony; sun; planet; planetology

We live in an old chaos of the sun...

Wallace Stevens
[Up] [Down] List of Contents
  1. The Solar System - General

  2. The Sun

  3. Origin and Evolution of the Solar System

  4. The Planets of the Solar System

  5. Earth as a Planet
    Earth Observation
    The Moon

  6. Small Bodies
    Kuiper Belt and Oort Cloud
    Meteors and Meteorites
    NEOs, SB Impact, and Astroblemes


The Solar System - General

The Sun
Origin and Evolution of the Solar System
The Planets

Poised on the planet's rim we stand,
Peering aghast into boundless space;
Infinite depths on every hand,
Never again in the self-same place;
Dragged by the sun itself away
On toward a point in the Milky Way.
John L. Stoddard

All (known) Bodies in the Solar System Larger than 200 Miles in Diameter (Alan Taylor, Kokogiak Gedankengang, Seattle, 29 Mar 2007, updated)
Apollo Launch Pad - Solar System (Apollo Society)
Arkansas-Oklahoma Center for Space and Planetary Sciences
Astronomy News & Links / Solar System (Susanne Weimer)
Astronomy 161: The Solar System
(University of Tennessee)
Aurora - The European Programme for the Exploration of the Solar System (European Space Agency)
Aurora Exploration Programme (ESA)
The Aurora Programme (European Space Agency, Feb 2004) PDF
BBC Online - The Planets - The Solar System Guide
BBC Online - Space - Solar System
Cosmic Vision 2015-2025: The Solar System
(ESA Science & Technology, 30 Jan 2006)
DSN Solar System Menu (ASU)
Earth Science and Solar System Exploration Division (JSC)
-- Exploration Server
ESA Solar System Division (European Space Agency)
ESO/EAAE Journey Across the Solar System (European Southern Observatory/European Association for Astronomy Education)
Evidence for dust accumulation just outside the orbit of Venus (Christoph Leinert & B. Moster, arXiv:0708.0912v1 [astro-ph], 7 Aug 2007)
Exploring Our Solar System (ed. Dennis Armstrong, NASA Missions)
Exploring The Planets || Our Solar System (CEPS/NASM)
Eyes on the Solar System (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
-- NASA Gives Public New Internet Tool to Explore the Solar System (JPL News Release 2011-277, 2 Sep 2011)
-- Twitter
Flagstaff USGS Space Mission Support
From Earth to the Solar System (FETTSS): Images for Exhibition (NASA)

Galactic Surf: Our Solar System (Edouard Reny)
Heliocentric Trajectories for Selected Spacecraft, Planets, and Comets
(NASA National Space Science Data Center)
Icarus International Journal of Solar System Studies
International Outer Planet Watch
-- Satellite Discipline
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Solar System
JPL Image/Information Archives (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
JPL Solar System
JPL Solar System Dynamics (Alan B. Chamberlin)
Malin Space Science Systems Home Page
NASA Missions - Highlights (ed. Dennis Armstrong)
NASA's Future: The Vision for Space Exploration
(ed. Jim Wilson, NASA Missions)
NASA Solar System Exploration Strategic Roadmap
(SpaceRef.com, 26 May 2005)
NASA Voyager: 'Tsunami Wave' Still Flies Through Interstellar Space (JPL News Release, 15 Dec 2014)
-- Voyager: Shock Waves in Deep Space (Paul Gilster, 17 Dec 2014)
The Never-Ending Quiz on the Solar System
New Frontiers in the Solar System (US National Research Council, 2003)
New Frontiers in the Solar System: An Integrated Exploration Strategy
(NRC Solar System Exploration Survey, 2003)
New Frontiers Program (NASA)
New Observations and Models of the Kinematics of the Zodiacal Dust Cloud (Greg J. Madsen et al., astro-ph/0604229, 11 Apr 2006)
NSSDC Photo Gallery (National Space Science Data Center)
-- Solar System Family Portrait

Occultations by Solar System Objects (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
Open Directory - Science: Astronomy: Solar System
Our "New, Improved" Solar System (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 16 Oct 2010)
Orbit@Home (Pasquale Tricarico, Planetary Science Institute, Tucson)
Orrery: The Solar System in Action (Andrew Harmsworth, Cambridge)
Our Solar System (NASA Exploring the Universe)
Our Solar System (NASA Popular Topics)
Our Solar System (Windows to the Universe)
Outer Planets/Solar Probe Project (NASA/JPL)
An Overview of the Solar System (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Paul Wiegert's Web Page
Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos (US National Research Council, 2004)
Putting the Solar System in Context (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 3 Dec 2013)
Samadhi: A Space Library (David Seal, JPL)
Science Monster - Our Solar System
Sea and Sky: Solar System Tour
Solar System (Derek Todd)

The Solar System (MSU EMuseum)
The Solar System (Jack Troeger)
The Solar System (The Observatory)
The Solar System (Online University)
The Solar System (PPARC Science, UK)
The Solar System Ambassador Program (NASA)
Solar System Astronomy (Alan Sawicki)
Solar System 3D: Planets and Satellites (LPI Stereo Atlas)
Solar System Browser (USGS Flagstaff)
Solar System Data Archive Home Page (IKI)
Solar System Dynamics (Carl D.Murray & Stanley F. Dermott)
Solar System Educators Program (JPL)
Solar System Experience (Susan Watanabe et al., JPL)
Solar System Exploration Forum (Ken Berry, JPL)

Solar System Exploration Home Page
(NASA Office of Space Science)
-- JPL Mirror
The Solar System Exploration Strategic Roadmap
(NASA, May 2005)
Solar System Exploration Theme Page
(S. Howard, NASA's Office of Space Science)
Solar System Information (Planet Earth VL)
Solar System Links @ GCA7Sky (Gary Agranat)
Solar System Live (John Walker)
Solar System Model (Ron Hipschman, Exploratorium)
Solar System News (ESA)
Solar System Objects (other than Sun or Earth) Resources
(AstroWeb, STScI)
A Solar System Scale Model Meta Page (Mitchell N. Charity)
Solar System Science with SKA (Bryan J. Butler et al., in C. Carilli & S. Rawlings, eds., "Science with the Square Kilometer Array," New Astronomy Reviews 48:1511-35, 2004; astro-ph/0409220, 9 Sep 2004)
Solar System Simulator (David Seal, JPL)
Solar System Tourist (Brent Turcotte)
Song-Rae's Solar System (VRML)
Space Today Online -- Solar System

SSV Home Page (Solar System Visualization)
StarDate Online | Solar System Guide
3D Model of the Solar System (Raúl García-Pérez)
3-D Tour of the Solar System (Paul Schenk et al., LPI)
Tours of Model Solar Systems (Bill & Ellen Brewer)
Tour the Solar System and Beyond (SpaceKids)
Trajectory Browser (Mission Design Center, NASA Ames Research Center)
-- Mission Planning for the Public (Monica Young, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 27 Mar 2013)
Views Of The Solar System (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
-- Mirror Sites
-- Mirror Sites (LANL)
Virtual Solar System (National Geographic Society)
Voyager Makes an Interstellar Discovery (Tony Phillips, Science@NASA, 23 Dec 2009)
What's the Difference (Geoffrey Bruce & Christina O'Guinn, NASA Learning Technologies)
Yahoo! - Solar System
Zeal.com - Astronomy - Solar System


The Sun

There are strange things done in the midnight sun...
Robert W. Service

The light which puts out our eyes is darkness to us. Only that day dawns to which we are awake. There is more day to dawn. The sun is but a morning star.
Henry David Thoreau

But still in the solar warmth I wait,
The hand of my lov'd one clasped in mine;
Is that a tear? It is growing late,
And she asks how long the sun will shine.
John L. Stoddard

The AAS Solar Physics Division (American Astronomical Society)
ACRIMSAT: Measuring the Sun's Energy (JPL)
ACRIM Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) Monitoring Resource Center
(Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor):
All About the Sun (Learning Technologies Channel)
A.L.P.O. Solar Section (Richard Hill et al.)
-- SolNet
An Antarctic ice core recording both supernovae and solar cycles (Yuko Motizuki et al., arXiv:0902.3446v1 [astro-ph.HE], 19 Feb 2009)
Astronomy Links about the Sun @ GCA7Sky (Gary Agranat)
ATST | The Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (NSO)
-- World's Largest Solar Scope (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 1 Feb 2010)
BAA Solar Section (Geoff Elston et al., British Astronomical Association)
BASS 2000 - Solar Spectrum
Big Bear Solar Observatory WWW Page
BiSON (Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network)
Braun, Douglas C.
Butteflydiagrams of the Sun
(Bob van Slooten, Amateur Solar Observatory)
CAST Cern Axion Solar Telescope
Center for Solar Physics and Space Weather (CDAW Web Server)
The Changing Corona observed by LASCO (Pål Brekke)

Cluster (ESA)
Cluster II (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory)
-- CSDSweb Quicklook Plots
Coronal Mass Ejection Estimated Time of Arrival Predictions
(Solar Terrestrial Dispatch)
Cosmic and Heliospheric Learning Center -- Home Page
(Beth Jacob et al.)
CSA Space Science Program Web - Solar-Terrestrial Relations
Cycle 23 - Millennia Monitor (John Pike, FAS)
Discovering the Sun (Greg Piepol)
DOT Dutch Open Telescope (La Palma)
"Eyes on the Skies" Robotic Solar Telescope Observatory
(Mike Rushford)
F. Dubois' SUN-Page (Franky Dubois, Langemark, Belgium)
ESA Science: Cluster II
ESA Solar System Division - Solar Physics Research
ESA Space Weather Site (European Space Agency)
ESMN Home (European Solar Magnetometry Network)
European Grid of Solar Observations (Mullard Space Science Laboratory, London)
The European Solar Magnetometry Network (Bertil Dorch, Stockholm)
FGM - Fluxgate Magnetometer (Cluster 2)
First "Solar Weather Maps" Show Changing Wind Patterns on a Star
(Craig DeForest, 3 Jun 2002)
Follow The Sun (ISTP)
Frequency-Agile Solar Radiotelescope (The FASR Consortium)
From the Sun to the Earth: Polar, Wind and Geotail (NASA)

Global Asymmetry of the Heliosphere (Merav Opher et al., astro-ph/0606324, 13 Jun 2006)
Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG)
GOES Solar X-Ray Imager (NOAA National Geophysical Data Center)
GOES Solar X-ray Imager (NOAA Space Environment Center)
GREGOR Project: A 1.5m Telescope for Solar Research on Tenerife
Hawaii Solar Astronomy
HEDC - HESSI Experimental Data Center (Zurich)
Helio- and Asteroseismology (Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard et al.)
Helioseismology (Amara Graps, SOI)
Helioseismology Beginners's Bibliography (Amara Graps, SOI)
The Heliosphere as a Probe of Small Scale Structure (Priscilla Chapman Frisch, astro-ph/0610489, 16 Oct 2006)
Heliospheric Response to Different Possible Interstellar Environments (Hans-Reinhard Mueller et al., astro-ph/0607600, 26 Jul 2006)
HESSI Home Page at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
(High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager)
HESSI PSI Home Page (Paul Scherrer Institut)

High Altitude Observatory Homepage (US National Center for Atmospheric Research)
Hinode: Mission to the Sun (NASA Missions)
Hinode | Solar-B (ESA Space Science)
Hinode | Solar-B (JAXA Institute of Space and Astronautical Science)
Hinode | Solar-B (NASA)
Hinode | Solar-B (Solar Physics Group, Mullard Space Science Laboratory)
Hinode (Solar-B) Project Office (NAOJ)
Historical Sunspot Observations: A Review (J. M. Vaquero, astro-ph/0702068, 2 Feb 2007)
How Sunlight Controls Climate (David Biello, Scientific American, 31 Aug 2009)
How the Sun Shines (John N. Bahcall, Nobel Foundation, 29 Jun 2000)
HYPERSEED: Hypervelocity Reentries (Genesis Mission, NASA Ames Research Center)
Images of Sun (NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
Institute for Solar Physics (Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)
International Heliophysical Year (American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC)
International Living With a Star (ILWS) Program
International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP)
-- ISTP Index
-- ISTP-Related Sites
-- ISTP Sun-Earth Connections Event: January 6-11, 1997
The Interstellar Heliopause Probe (ESA Science & Technology)
IPS (Ionospheric Prediction Service) Home Page
(IPS Radio & Space Services, Sydney, Australia)
IRIS (NASA Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph)
-- NASA's IRIS Finds Solar Tornadoes, Bombs, and More (Monica Young, Sky & Telescope, 22 Oct 2014)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Sun
Is the Sunspot Cycle About to Stop? (Jay M. Pasachoff & Alan MacRobert, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 14 Jun 2011)
John Bahcall Home Page (Institute for Advanced Study)
Joint ESA/NASA Ulysses mission to end (ESA Portal, 26 Jun 2009)
JOSO (Joint Organization for Solar Observations)
JPL Sun (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)

Kandilli Observatory (Tamer Ataç, KOERI)
Kanzelhöhe Solar Observatory (Treffen, Austria)
Lang, Kenneth R., 'SOHO Reveals the Secrets of the Sun'
(Scientific American Magnificent Cosmos, March 1998)
Large Solar Flares Since 1976 (Richard Thompson, IPS Radio & Space Services)
LASCO/SOHO Home Page (Large Angle and Spectrometric COronagraph)
Learn More about the Sun and the Solar Maximum (ISTP)
Live from the Sun (Passport to Knowledge)
Living in the Atmosphere of the Sun: An Online Exhibit
(Space Weather Center)
Living Reviews in Solar Physics (Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy)
Living With a Star (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
Living With a Star (NASA Science)
LMSAL:Solar and Astrophysics Homepage (Lockheed Martin ATC)
Lund Solar-Terrestrial Physics Division

Magnetic Maps of the Whole Sun (Stanford Group)
Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (Tony Darnell)
Mees Solar Observatory Home Page (Haleakala)
-- Mees White Light Telescope
Mission to Geospace: Probing the Sun-Earth Connection (ISTP)
Modeling atmospheric effects of the September 1859 Solar Flare (Brian Thomas et al., astro-ph/0612660, 21 Dec 2006)
Mr Sunspot (Louis Strous, NSO/Sacramento Peak)
NASA/Marshall Astronomy - Sun/Earth Connection
(David Hathaway & Thomas E. Moore)
NASA/Marshall Solar Physics
NASA's Space Physics Data System
NASA Strategic Roadmap: Sun - Solar System Connection
(SpaceRef.com, 26 May 2005)
NASA Sun Earth Media Viewer: Live Solar Images
(NASA/UC Berkeley)
National Solar Observatory (AURA, US)
-- Kitt Peak
-- Sacramento Peak

National Space Weather (ATM)
A Nearly Universal Solar-Wind Magnetosphere Coupling Function Inferred from Ten Magnetospheric State Variables (Patrick T. Newell et al., JHU Applied Physics Lab, 11 Dec 2006) PDF
A New Sun: The Solar Results from Skylab
(John A. Eddy, NASA SP-402, 1979)
The New Swedish Solar Telescope (ROYAC Solar Group in Stockholm)
NOAA's Space Weather
Non-SEC Sources of Space Weather Data (NOAA Space Environment Center)
NOVA | Dimming the Sun (David Sington et al., PBS, 18 Apr 2006)
NOVA | Magnetic Storm (David Sington et al., PBS, 18 Nov 2003)
The NRL Solar Physics Branch
NSO/KPVT Latest Solar Images
(National Solar Observatory - Kitt Peak)
The NSO McMath-Pierce Facility at Kitt Peak (National Solar Observatory)
Nuggets: Weekly Science Notes from the Yohkoh Soft X-Ray Telescope (ISAS)
-- California Mirror
-- Montana Mirror
-- UK Mirror
Observations on the Sun (Jing Li)
Our Sun (NASA's Observatorium)
Owens Valley Solar Array (New Jersey Institute of Technology)
Paleoheliosphere versus PaleoLISM (Priscilla C. Frisch, Introduction to P. C. Frisch, ed., Solar Journey, 2006; astro-ph/0601356, 17 Jan 2006)
POLAR Investigation of the Sun - POLARIS (Thierry Appourchaux et al., arXiv:0805.4389v1 [astro-ph], 28 May 2008)

Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager
(Solar Research Group, Montana State University)
Record-setting Solar Flares (SpaceWeather.com)
The Red Corner: The Sun in Hydrogen Alpha (Christopher Go, Cebu)
RHESSI First Results (Craig DeForest, 5 Jun 2002)
RHESSI Home Page (Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
Richard B. Dunn Solar Telescope (NSO/SP)
Risks due to X-ray Flares during Astronaut Extravehicular Activity (David S. Smith & John M. Scalo, astro-ph/0701314, 10 Jan 2007)
Royal Greenwich Observatory/USAF/NOAA Sunspot Record 1874-2000
(David H. Hathaway, NASA/Marshall SFC)
The San Fernando Observatory (Stephen R. Walton)
SECIS (Solar Eclipse Coronal Imaging System) Online
(Ken Phillips et al., Rutherford Appleton Laboratory)
SERTS (Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Rocket Telescope and Spectrograph)
Severe Space Weather Events--Understanding Societal and Economic Impacts: A Workshop Report (Daniel N. Baker, Chair, et al., National Research Council, Washington, DC, Jan 2009)
-- Space storm alert: 90 seconds from catastrophe (Michael Brooks, New Scientist, 23 Mar 2009)
Short-term Variations in the Galactic Environment of the Sun (Priscilla C. Frisch & Jonathan D. Slavin in P. C. Frisch, ed., Solar Journey, 2006; astro-ph/0601359, 17 Jan 2006)
SoDa Solar Radiation Database
SOHO (ESA Science)
The SOHO Archive (ESA)
-- NASA Mirror (Goddard SFC)
The SOHO Archive at MEDOC
SOHO Extreme ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT)
SOHO Overview (ESA Space Science)
SOHO: The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (ESA)
-- NASA Mirror (Goddard SFC)

The SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (Jeff Payne, RAL)
SOHO Realtime Images (Pål Brekke)
SOHO Real Time Images Screen Saver
SOHO SOI/MDI Results (Amara Graps, SOI)
SOHO 10-year special (ESA Space Science, 2 Dec 2005)
SOI (Solar Oscillations Investigation) Web Home Page
(Rick Bogart & Phil Scherrer, Stanford University)
Solar Abundances of Elements - Why the Model of a Hydrogen-filled Sun is Obsolete (Oliver K. Manuel, University of Missouri)
Solar Activity (GEDDS)
The Solar and Heliospheric Research Group
(University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration (Frances Bagenal et al., US National Research Council, 2004)
Solar Astronomy (AstroWeb, NRAO)
Solar Astronomy (AstroWeb, WWW-VL)

Solar Chat (Coronado Instrument Group)
Solar Connections: Strategic Theme (NASA Office of Space Science)
A Solar-Cycle Climate Trigger (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 1 Sep 2009)
Solar Cycle Linked to Global Climate (US National Science Foundation Press Release 09-139, 16 Jul 2009)
A solar cycle lost in 1793--1800: Early sunspot observations resolve the old mystery (Ilya G. Usoskin et al., arXiv:0907.0063v1 [astro-ph.SR], 1 Jul 2009)
Solar Data Analysis Center (Joseph B. Gurman, SDAC, NASA Goddard SFC)
Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Mission Site
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
-- SDO's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA)
-- SDO's Extreme ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE)
-- SDO's Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI)
-- SDO First Light (GSFC Scientific Visualization Studio)
-- A Solar Sentinel's Stunning Debut (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 22 Apr 2010)
-- First stunning images from NASA's Sun gazer (James Dacey, Physics World, 22 Apr 2010)
-- Living with a star (Alan Title, Physics World, 2 Nov 2010)
Solar eclipses as an astrophysical laboratory (Jay M. Pasachoff, Nature 459:789-95, 11 Jun 2009)
Solar Events: NASA's Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum
Solar Flare Theory (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center)
Solar Images at SDAC (Solar Data Analysis Center)
The Solar Mass Ejection Imager (AFRL/VSBS)
Solar Max 2000 (Exploratorium)
SolarMax 2000 (ISTP)

Solarmax, Unprecedented View of (GSFC)
Solar MHD Theory Group (St Andrews)
Solar MURI: Solar Eruptions & Their Interplanetary Consequences
(MUltidisciplinary Research Initiative, UC Berkeley)
SolarNews (NSO)
Solar Observing (Peter Meadows)
Solar Observing FAQ (Jeff Medkeff)
Solar Oscillations (Jeremy K. Zoss)
The Solar Polar Orbiter (ESA Science & Technology)
Solar Probe (JPL)
Solar Probe: Humanity's First Visit to Our Star (Goddard Space Flight Center)
Solar Resonant Diffusion Waves as a Driver of Terrestrial Climate Change (Robert Ehrlich, astro-ph/0701117, 4 Jan 2007)
Solar System Frontier: Exploring the Heliospheric Interface from 1 AU (Mike Gruntman et al., Missions to the outer solar system and beyond, Fourth IAA Symposium on Realistic Near-Term Advanced Space Missions, Aosta, Italy, 4-6 Jul 2005) PDF
Solar Telescope Resources (AstroWeb, STScI)
Solar Terrestrial Data Archive Home Page (IKI)
Solar Terrestrial Dispatch Homepage

Solar-Terrestrial Physics (NOAA)
Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP) Program (NASA)
Solar Web Guide (Yohkoh SXT)
The Solar Web Project
-- The Design of Solar Web, a Web Tool for Searching in Heterogeneous Web-based Solar Databases (Isabelle Scholl, ADASS X, 2000)
Solar Zoo (Louis Strous, NSO/Sacramento Peak)
SOLIS Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun
Sounds of Space (Donald A. Gurnett, University of Iowa)
Space Environment Center Home
-- SEC Data Library
-- Space Environment Lab Solar Image Index
-- Space Weather Now

Spacelink - Our Sun
Space Physics Homepage
Space Physics Research Group at UCB/SSL
(University of California, Berkeley)
Space Technology 5 (ST5)
Space Weather (Windows to the Universe)
Space Weather Alerts and Displays (NOAA Space Environment Center)
Space Weather Canada (Natural Resources Canada)
Space Weather Center (Space Science Institute)
Space Weather: A Research Perspective (NRC)
Space Weather Resources (Patricia H. Reiff & Andrew L. Urquhart)
SPIDR-II Space Physics Interactive Data Resource (NGDC Mirror)
-- IPS Mirror (Sydney, Australia)
Stanford Solar Physics Research Group (Philip Scherrer et al.)
Stanford SOLAR (Solar On-Line Activity Resources) Center
(Deborah Scherrer et al.)
STEREO (NASA Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory)
STEREO Mission (Solar Terrestrial Probes)
STEREO Solar-TErrestrial RElations Observatory
(JHU Applied Physics Laboratory)
STEREO - The Sun in 3D (NASA Missions)
Storms from the Sun: The Emerging Science of Space Weather
(Michael J. Carlowicz & Ramon E. Lopez, 2002)
Student Observation Network | Tracking a Solar Storm (NASA)

SUMER (Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation) Homepage
(Ingolf E. Dammasch, Max Planck Institute)
-- NASA SUMER Homepage (Goddard Space Flight Center)
-- The Solar EUV Spectrum (790-1600A) from SUMER (MPAe)
-- The SUMER Atlas of Solar Disk Lines (Oslo)
-- WebSumer (Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Orsay)
The Sun (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Sun (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
The Sun (Jack Troeger)
The Sun (SEDS)
The Sun (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Sun (Windows to the Universe)
The Sun and Stellar Structure (Nick Strobel, Astronomy Notes)
-- Contents

The Sun-Climate Question: Is There a Real Connection?
(George C. Reid, 1995)
Sun-Earth Connection (NASA Goddard SFC)
Sun-Earth Connection: Eclipses, Explosions, and Space Weather Forecasts (Mary Miller)
The Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum
-- Berkeley Mirror
Sun-Earth Connections Homepage
(Amy Skowronek, NASA's Office of Space Science)
The Sun Earth Connection: Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP) Program
Sun-Earth Day (NASA)
Sun Earth Plan - Celebrating the International Heliophysical Year (UK)
Sun Facts (Arizona Science Center)
Sun Fact Sheet (NSSDC)
Sun Flares & Prominences (Catania Astrophysical Observatory, Italy)
Sun Menu (ASU)
The Sun: Power Plant of the Solar System (NJ NIE Project)

SunScience (Space.com)
Sun-Solar System Connection: Strategic Roadmap
(NASA, 22 May 2005)
Sunspot and Space Weather Information Pages of the SIDC
(Solar Influences Data analysis Center, Royal Observatory of Belgium)
Sunspots: The Exploratorium's Guide to Sunspots
-- UC Berkeley Mirror
Sunspots and the Solar Cycle (Tony Phillips, NASA SpaceWeather.com)
Sunspots in History (NASA Space Weather Bureau)
Sunspotter (Paul A. Higgins et al., Trinity College Dublin, Zooniverse)
-- Blog
SunStorms (Discovery.com)
Sun System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
The Sun to the Earth -- and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space Physics (Louis J. Lanzerotti et al., U.S. National Research Council, 2002)
The Surface of the Sun (Michael Mozina)
SWAN Far Side Imaging (SOHO)
SXT Home Page (Yohkoh, Lockheed Martin ATC)
-- ISAS Version of SXT Homepage
TRACE Coronal Loop Images
TRACE - Transition Region And Coronal Explorer (Neal Hurlburt et al.)
Tracking Solar Cycle 23 (Belgian Solar Observers)
Ulysses (ESA Science)
Ulysses and the Reversal of the Solar Magnetic Field (Bob Forsyth)

Ulysses/ESA Home Page
Ulysses Information at Imperial College
Ulysses/NASA Home Page (Bruce E. Goldstein, JPL)
Ulysses Operations Index Page (Ulysses Mission Ops Team)
Understanding the Sun and Solar System Plasmas: Future Directions in Solar and Space Physics (Louis J. Lanzerotti et al., US National Research Council, 2004)
USGS Astrogeology: The Sun
Virtual COHO: Space Physics in VRML
The Virtual Sun (Michiel Berger)
VTT Home Page (Vacuum Tower Telescope, Sacramento Peak)
What if a solar super-storm hit? (Ashley Dale, Physics World, 7 Aug 2014)
Yahoo! - Sun, The
Yohkoh and the Sun
Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (California Mirror)
Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (Montana Mirror)
Solar Site Index (Viola Raben)

See also Observer's Weather and Space Environment and The Sky: Sun and Moon


Origin and Evolution of the Solar System

On the origin and evolution of planetary systems in general, see Circumstellar Disks and Planetary Evolution.

Abundance, distribution, and origin of 60Fe in the solar protoplanetary disk (Haolan Tang & Nicolas Dauphas, arXiv:1212.1490 [astro-ph.EP], 6 Dec 2012)
-- Solar System Origins: No Supernova? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 18 Dec 2012)
Analogue to the Solar System - Epsilon Eridani (JAC Hilo)
The ancient heritage of water ice in the solar system (L. Ilsedore Cleeves et al., arXiv:1409.7398 [astro-ph.SR], 25 Sep 2014)
-- Earth has water older than the Sun (Elizabeth Gibney, Nature News & Comment, 26 Sep 2014)
-- Primordial Origins of (Some) of Earth's Water (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 29 Sep 2014)
Assessing the massive young Sun hypothesis to solve the warm young Earth puzzle (David A. Minton & Renu Malhotra, astro-ph/0612321, 12 Dec 2006)
Building Planets at PSI: The Origin of the Solar System
(Gregg Herres & William K. Hartmann, Planetary Science Institute)
Chaotic exchange of solid material between planetary systems: implications for lithopanspermia (Edward Belbruno et al., http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.1059, 4 May 2012)
-- Slow-moving rocks better odds that life crashed to Earth from space (Morgan Kelly, News at Princeton, 24 Sep 2012)
Chemical Change in a Protoplanetary Disk (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 19 Feb 2014)
-- A Drastic Chemical Change Occurring in Birth of Planetary System: Has the Solar System also Experienced it? (Nami Sakai & Satoshi Yamamoto, Press Release, University of Tokyo, 10 Feb 2014) PDF
-- Commentary on the press release (Masaaki Hiramatsu, ALMA NAOJ, 13 Feb 2014)
Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk (Alexander N. Krot et al., eds, ASP Conference Series Vol. 341; Proceedings of Conference held on Kaua'i, Hawaii, Nov 2005)
COLLIDE - COLLisions Into Dust Experiment (Josh Colwell, LASP)
Cosmochemistry from Nanometers to Light-Years (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 31 Jan 2006)
Cynthia Phillips -- Deciphering the Cosmic Puzzle (Interview, SETI Institute)
The density of mid-sized Kuiper belt object 2002 UX25 and the formation of the dwarf planets (Michael E. Brown, arXiv:1311.0553 [astro-ph.EP], 4 Nov 2013)
-- Astronomers surprised by large space rock less dense than water (Ron Cowen, Nature News & Comment, 13 Nov 2013)
Dynamics and Chemistry of Planet Construction (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 31 Mar 2010)
Dynamics of the giant planets of the solar system in the gaseous proto-planetary disk and relationship to the current orbital architecture (Alessandro Morbidelli et al., arXiv:0706.1713v1 [astro-ph], 12 Jun 2007)
The dynamics of Jupiter and Saturn in the gaseous proto-planetary disk (Morbidelli Alessandro & Aurelien Crida, arXiv:0704.1210 [astro-ph], 10 Apr 2007)
Edward Belbruno on Low-Energy Pathways in Space, Chaos, and Random Walks (Lecture, Mathematical Association of America, 29 Apr 2009)
An 850 micron survey for dust around solar mass stars (Jonathan P. Williams & Joan Najita, astro-ph/0508165, 5 Aug 2005)
Elemental Abundances of Solar Sibling Candidates (I. Ramirez et al., arXiv:1405.1723 [astro-ph.SR], 7 May 2014)
-- Sun's Sibling Found (John Bochanski, Sky & Telescope, 13 May 2014)
Evolution of Circumstellar Disks Around Normal Stars: Placing Our Solar System in Context (M. R. Meyer et al., astro-ph/0606399, 16 Jun 2006)
Evolution of the Early Atmospheres of Venus, Earth, and Mars (David Catling, QCShow Author Lecture of the Week, 10 Jul 2006)
Evolution of gravitational orbits in the expanding universe (Mauro Sereno & Ph. Jetzer, astro-ph/0703121, 6 Mar 2007)
Exact Solutions of the Isothermal Lane--Emden Equation with Rotation and Implications for the Formation of Planets and Satellites (Dimitris M. Christodoulou & Demosthenes Kazanas, arXiv:0706.3205v1 [astro-ph], 21 Jun 2007)
A Fix for the "Faint Young Sun" (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 18 Jul 2013)
Formation and Collisional Evolution of Kuiper Belt Objects (Scott J. Kenyon et al., arxiv.org/abs/0704.0259, 2 Apr 2007)
The Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems: Placing Our Solar System in Context with Spitzer (Michael R. Meyer et al., astro-ph/0701058, 3 Jan 2007)
Frequency of Debris Disks around Solar-Type Stars: First Results from a Spitzer/MIPS Survey (Geoffrey Bryden et al., astro-ph/0509199, 7 Sep 2005)
From mean-motion resonances to scattered planets: Producing the Solar System, eccentric exoplanets and Late Heavy Bombardments (Edward W. Thommes et al., arXiv:0706.1235v1 [astro-ph], 8 Jun 2007)
A Gas-poor Planetesimal Capture Model for the Formation of Giant Planet Satellite Systems (Paul R. Estrada & I. Mosqueira, astro-ph/0504649, 28 Apr 2005, revised)

Genesis and the Search for Origins (NASA Missions)
Genesis Mission - Search for Origins (McREL)
Genesis Mission Home Page (JPL)
Genesis Mission - JSC Genesis Team: Curation & Contamination Control (Johnson Space Center)
High Precision Abundances of the Old Solar Twin HIP 102152: Insights on Li Depletion from the Oldest Sun (TalaWanda R. Monroe et al., arXiv:1308.5744 [astro-ph.SR], 27 Aug 2013)
-- Oldest Solar Twin Identified (ESO Science Release eso1337, 28 Aug 2013)
Hit-and-Run as Planets Formed (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 27 Nov 2006)
How did the Sun affect the climate when life evolved on the Earth? (Christoffer Karoff & H. Svensmark, arXiv:1003.6043v1 [astro-ph.SR], 31 Mar 2010)
-- A Solution to the Faint Young Sun Paradox (Physics arXiv Blog, Technology Review, 2 Apr 2010)
How special is the Solar System? (Martin E. Beer et al., 22 Jul 2004)
Huge Asteroid Vesta Actually Is an Ancient Protoplanet (Mike Wall & SPACE.com, Scientific American, 11 May 2012)
Infrared Absorption Investigations Confirm the Extraterrestrial Origin of Carbonado-Diamonds (Jozsef Garai et al., physics/0608014, 2 Aug 2006, revised)
In a Grain, a Glimpse of the Cosmos: Quasicrystal Meteorite Exposes Novel Processes in Early Solar System - Scientific American (Natalie Wichover, Quanta Magazine, 13 Jun 2014; repr. Scientific American, 18 Jun 2014)
Iron Meteorites as the Not-So-Distant Cousins of Earth (William F. Bottke & Linda M. V. Martel, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 21 Jul 2006)
Irregular Satellites of the Planets: Products of Capture in the Early Solar System (David Jewitt & Nader Haghighipour, astro-ph/0703059, 3 Mar 2007)
Is Mercury a Hit-and-Run Survivor? (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope, 10 Jul 2014)
Is our Sun a Singleton? (Daniel Malmberg et al., arXiv:0709.3101v1 [astro-ph], 19 Sep 2007)
The Kuiper Belt and Its Primordial Sculpting (A. Morbidelli et al., Earth, Moon and Planets 92:1-27, 2003) PDF
Life-Bearing Rocks in Slow Motion (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 26 Sep 2012)
Linear Stability of Ring Systems (Robert J. Vanderbei, astro-ph/0606510, 21 Jun 2006)
Long-term Variability in the Length of the Solar Cycle (Michael L. Rogers et al., astro-ph/0606426, 17 Jun 2006)
The lost siblings of the Sun (Simon Portegies Zwart, arXiv:0903.0237v1 [astro-ph.GA], 2 Mar 2009)
Lunar mission [LRO] sheds light on early solar system (Nicola Guttridge, Physics World, 21 Sep 2010)
Meteoritical and dynamical constraints on the growth mechanisms and formation times of asteroids and Jupiter (Edward R. D. Scott, astro-ph/0607317, 13 Jul 2006)
Models of the Collisional Damping Scenario for Ice Giant Planets and Kuiper Belt Formation (Harold F. Levison et al., astro-ph/0701544, 18 Jan 2007)
Moon Crater Map Reveals Early Solar System History (Jess McNally, Wired Science, 16 Sep 2010)

NOVA | Origins of the Solar System (PBS, 16 Feb 2011)
On a possible regularity connecting physical characteristics of a Solar system planet and elements of its orbit (Z. G. Murzahanov & V. P. Merezhin, astro-ph/0607658, 29 Jul 2006)
The Origin and Evolution of the Asteroid Main Belt
(Philip R. Bidstrup et al., astro-ph/0511370, 11 Nov 2005)
Origin of volatiles in the Main Belt (Olivier Mousis et al., arXiv:0710.5179v1 [astro-ph], 26 Oct 2007)
Outward Transport of High-Temperature Materials Around the Midplane of the Solar Nebula (Fred J. Ciesla, Science 318(5850):613-15, 26 Oct 2007; abstract)
-- Mixing It Up in the Early Solar System (Richard A. Kerr, ScienceNOW Daily News, 25 Oct 2007)
Organic Globules from the Cold Far Reaches of the Proto-Solar Disk (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 25 Jan 2007)
Paleoheliosphere versus PaleoLISM (Priscilla C. Frisch, Introduction to P. C. Frisch, ed., Solar Journey, 2006; astro-ph/0601356, 17 Jan 2006)
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet? (Gibor Basri & Michael E. Brown, astro-ph/0608417, 20 Aug 2006)
A primordial origin for the atmospheric methane of Saturn's moon Titan (Olivier Mousis et al., arXiv:0908.0430v1 [astro-ph.EP], 5 Aug 2009)
-- How Titan Got Its Atmosphere (arXiv blog, Technology Review, 6 Aug 2009)
PSRD Archive: Origins Articles (Planetary Science Research Discoveries)
Radioactive Probes of the Supernova-Contaminated Solar Nebula: Evidence that the Sun was Born in a Cluster (Leslie W. Looney et al., arXiv:astro-ph/0608411v1, 19 Aug 2006)
Rotational Evolution of Solar-Like Stars in Clusters from Pre-Main Sequence to Main Sequence: Empirical Results (William Herbst & R. Mundt, astro-ph/0508009, 30 Jul 2005)
The Scientific Case for a Mission to the Ice Giant Planets with Twin Spacecraft to Unveil the History of our Solar System (Diego Turrini et al., arXiv:1402.2650 [astro-ph.EP], 11 Feb 2014)
-- Return to the Ice Giants (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 18 Jun 2014)
-- Outer Planet Exploration Strategies (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 19 Jun 2014)
Seas Under Ice: Stability of Liquid-Water Oceans within Icy Worlds (Javier Ruiz & Alberto G. Fairen, Earth, Moon, and Planets 97:79-90, 2005) PDF
Short-lived Nuclei in the Early Solar System: Possible AGB Sources (G. J. Wasserburg et al., astro-ph/0602551, 24 Feb 2006)
Solar System Processes Underlying Planetary Formation, Geodynamics, and the Georeactor (J. Marvin Herndon, astro-ph/0602232, 10 Feb 2006)
Solar Systems Like Ours in the Minority (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 6 Jan 2010)
Stardust findings favor not only the planetary origin of comets but the underlying close-binary cosmogony of the Solar system as well (Edward M. Drobyshevski, astro-ph/0702601, 22 Feb 2007)
Sun Loses Lithium with Age (Camille Carlisle, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 1 Sep 2013)
The Sun's Crowded Delivery Room (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 6 Jul 2007)
The Sun's Journey Through the Local Interstellar Medium: The PaleoLISM and Paleoheliosphere (Priscilla Chapman Frisch & J. D. Slavin, astro-ph/0606743, 30 Jun 2006)
Telescopes versus Microscopes: the puzzle of Iron-60 (Jonathan P. Williams, arXiv:0808.2506v1 [astro-ph], 19 Aug 2008)
A thermodynamic and mechanical model for formation of the Solar Systeem via 3-dimensional collapse of the dusty pre-solar nebula (Anne M. Hofmeister & Robert E. Criss, Planetary and Space Science 62:1:111-31, Mar 2012; abstract)
-- New model provides different take on planetary accretion (Tony Fitzpatrick, Washington University in St. Louis Newsroom, 27 Feb 2012)
-- A New Take on Planet Formation (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 2 Mar 2012)
Tiny Molten Droplets, Dusty Clouds, and Planet Formation (G. Jeffrey Taylo, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 20 Nov 2008)
The Titius-Bode law of planetary distances: new approach
(V. M. Bakulev, astro-ph/0601369, 17 Jan 2006)
A Traveling CAI (G. Jeffrey Taylor, PSRD, 22 Jun 2011)
The Violent Origin of the Solar System (Simon Mitton, Astrobiology Magazine European Edition, Spring 2007)
Were Asteroids Born Big? (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 25 Aug 2009)
Young Solar System's Fifth Giant Planet? (David Nesvorny, arXiv:1109.2949v1 [astro-ph.EP], 13 Sep 2011)
-- A Gas Giant Ejected from our System? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 11 Nov 2011)


The Planets of the Solar System


Search only in Earth and Planetary Sciences

For visibility, see The Sky: The Planets

ALPO Homepage
And Then There were Eight: IAU Vote Shakes Up the Solar System
(Amir Alexander, The Planetary Society, 24 Aug 2006)
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Apollo Launch Pad - Robotic Space Probes (Apollo Society)
Arizona State University Planetary Exploration Laboratory
Astromaterials Curation at NASA JSC
Astronomy for Kids - The Planets (Rick Morris)
Atmospheric Laser Spectroscopy Group
(Christopher R. Webster et al., JPL)
Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics (Oxford University)
BAA Asteroids and Remote Planets Section
(Andy Hollis et al., British Astronomical Association)
BBC Online - The Planets - Home
Boston University Imaging Science Home Page
Caltech: Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
Center for Earth and Planetary Studies (CEPS/NASM)
-- CEPS Planetary Image Facility

Center for Integrative Planetary Science (dir. Geoffrey Marcy, University of California, Berkeley)
Center for Planetary Sciences (Mark S. Robinson, Northwestern University)
CEPSAR Home (Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space & Astronomical Research, Open University, UK)
Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration - COMPLEX
(Space Studies Board, U.S. National Academy of Sciences)
-- An Integrated Strategy for Planetary Sciences 1995-2010 (1994)
Comparative Aeronomy in the Solar Systen (Boston University)
COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy (COSPAR/IAU Workshop on Planetary Protection, 20 Oct 2002)
David Grinspoon's World
Deep Space 1 (New Millennium Program)
Defining Planets (Michael Brown, Astrobiology Magazine, 22 Feb 2007)
DPS Home Page (AAS Division for Planetary Sciences)
The Effects of Rotation Rate on Deep Convection in Giant Planets with Small Solid Cores (Martha Evonuk & Gary A. Glatzmaier, astro-ph/0607584, 26 Jul 2006)
The Eight Planets (Mike Brown)
ESA Science & Technology: SCI-AP: Planetary Exploration Studies Section (European Space Agency)
ESA Solar System Division - Planetary Research
ETP Links - Earth and Planetary Links
(Exploring The Planets)
Europlanet (European Planetology Network)
Experience The Planets: Our solar system through the eyes of artists (Greg Martin et al.)
Exploring The Planets (CEPS/NASM)
Exploring Planets in the Classroom: Hands-on Science Activities
(SOEST, Hawai`i)
The Future of Deep-Space Exploration (Scientific American In-Depth Report, 29 Nov 2011)
Future Planetary Exploration (blog)
The Galactic Core - A Galaxy of Sites: The Planets & Their Exploration
(Timothy J. Finucane)
Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature - IAU (Jennifer Blue, USGS)
Geological & Planetary Sciences (Caltech Library System)
Grand Tour! A Planetary Exploration Page (Paolo Ulivi)
The Great Planet Debate: Science as Process (A Scientific Conference and Educator Workshop, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Kossiakoff Center, Laural, Maryland, 14-16 Aug 2008)

Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology
High Accuracy Matching of Planetary Images (Giuseppe Vacanti & Ernst-Jan Buis, astro-ph/0606556, 22 Jun 2006)
History of Lunar and Planetary Flight Missions (Wesley T. Huntress, Carnegie Institution of Washington)
How many planets are in the solar system? (Fraser Cain, Phys.org, 28 May 2013)
HubbleSite - Planets
IAU Division III: Planetary Systems Sciences
Imke de Pater (University of California, Berkeley)
Inside the planet definition process (Daniel Fischer, The Space Review, 11 Sep 2006)
Institute on Climate and Planets (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York)
Interplanetary Missions (KIAM Ballistic Center)
IPL Ready Reference Collection: Solar System (Planetary)
ISAS Planned Missions
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Planetary Moons
JGR-Planets In Press (American Geophysical Union)
JPL Planets (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Jules Verne Voyager: Solar System Portal
(Jules Map Server, UNAVCO Boulder)
Laboratory for Comparative Planetology (V. I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences)
Limb polarization of Uranus and Neptune. II Spectropolarimetric observations (Franco Joos & H. M. Schmid, astro-ph/0612213, 8 Dec 2006)
Links to Planetary Web Sites (Planetary Geosciences Group, Brown University)
Liquid Water Oceans in Ice Giants (Sloane J. Wiktorowicz & Andrew P. Ingersoll, astro-ph/0609723, 26 Sep 2006)
Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI, Houston)
-- CIRS Journals Hotlist
-- Research Resources

Map-a-Planet (USGS Astrogeology)
Maps of the Solar System (David Seal, NASA/JPL/Caltech)
Mariner Missions (USGS Astrogeology Research Program)
Mariner 10 (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Mike Brown's Planets (Michael E. Brown)
MIT Microwave Subnode Home Page (Planetary Data System)
MIT Planetary Astronomy Laboratory (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Naming of Planets & Sedna (IAU Frequently Asked Questions)
NASA Pacific Regional Planetary Data Center
NASA Planetary Data System MAP-A-PLANET
NASA Regional Planetary Image Facilities
Newsgroup: alt.sci.planetary
The Nine Planets: A Multimedia Tour of the Solar System
(William A. Arnett)
-- TNP Mirrors
Oceans Under the Ice Worlds? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 30 May 2013)
On the low-mass planethood criterion (Bojan Pecnik & Christopher Broeg, astro-ph/0608367, 17 Aug 2006)
OPFM | Outer Planet Flagship Mission (JPL)
Outer Planets Assessment Group (OPAG, NASA Lunar and Planetary Institute)
Outer Planets Program Library (NASA Langley RC)
Outer Planets/Solar Probe Project (JPL)

PDS Atmospheres Node (NASA Planetary Data System, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces)
PDS Catalogs and On-Line Data
PDS-D | PDS Online Data Distribution System
PDS Geosciences Node, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri
PDS Home Page (NASA Planetary Data System)
PDS Imaging Node - Homepage (Elizabeth Duxbury)
PDS Planetary Image Atlas (USGS)
Phil Stooke's Home Page
The Pioneer Missions (NASA Ames Research Center)
Pioneers 10 & 11 GTT Charged Particles Experiment (University of Iowa)
Pioneer 10 Virtual Conference
"Planet" and "Plutons", The IAU draft definition of
(IAU press release, Prague, 16 Aug 2006)
-- The Final IAU Resolution on the definition of "planet" ready for voting (Prague, 24 Aug 2006)
Planetary Aerovehicles Development (Balloons and Ballutes)
Planetary and Space Science Centre (University of New Brunswick)
Planetary and Space Sciences Research Institute
(Open University, Milton Keyes, UK)
Planetary Astronomy (AstroWeb, NRAO)
Planetary Astronomy (AstroWeb, WWW-VL)
Planetary Atmospheres (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies)
Planetary Atmospheres and Surface Compositions
(Richard E. Hill, Lunar & Planetary Laboratory)
Planetary Chemistry Lab (Bruce Fegley, Jr., et al., Washington University, St. Louis)
Planetary Community Decadal Study Website
(NRC Solar System Exploration Survey Committee)

Planetary Data Browser (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Planetary Data Image Processing Laboratory (Alexey Kuzmin, IKI)
Planetary Data System Atmospheres Discipline Node
(NASA Planetary Data System)
Planetary Exploration (H. Dixon et al.)
Planetary Exploration (IKI)
Planetary Fact Sheets (NSSDC)
Planetary Geography (ESRI Earth System Science)
Planetary Geology in the 1980s
(Joseph Veverka, NASA, 1985)
Planetary Geosciences Group (Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island)
Planetary Image Atlas (PDS Imaging Node)
Planetary Image Finders (NASA)
Planetary Imagery Sites (CIRSelect Imagery Sources List)
Planetary Image Research Laboratory (University of Arizona)
Planetary Lake Lander | Bridging Planets (N. A. Cabrol et al., SETI Institute)
-- Splashdown on Titan? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 10 Apr 2012)
Planetary Materials Curation at NASA JSC
Planetary Materials Research Group (Larry Haskin et al., Washington University in St. Louis)

Planetary Photojournal: NASA's Image Access Home Page (JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
Planetary Physical Data (Center for Earth and Planetary Studies)
Planetary Remote Sensing - The Exploration of Extraterrestrial Bodies (Nicholas M. Short, Sr., et al., NASA Remote Sensing Tutorial, Section 19)
The Planetary Rings Node (Mark Showalter & Neil Heather)
Planetary Science (Nick Strobel, Astronomy Notes)
-- Contents
Planetary Science Research Discoveries | PSRD (University of Hawaii)
Planetary Sciences at the NSSDC (National Space Science Data Center, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
Planetary Science Sites (Lyle Huber)
Planetary Science World Wide Web Sites (LPI)

The Planetary Society
The Planetary Society Weblog (Emily Lakdawalla)
Planetary Systems (Windows to the Universe)
Planetary Tour (Scientific American Magnificent Cosmos, March 1998)
Planetary Transits Across the Sun (Fred Espenak)
Planetfest'99 (The Planetary Society)
Planetology Gopher (UT at El Paso GeoGopher)
The Planets (JPL)
The Planets (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
The Planets (The Science Channel)
PlanetScapes (Calvin J. Hamilton)
The Planets: Frequently Accessed Data (William C. Demmery)
The Planets: A Visual Tour (Timothy J. Finucane)
Planet Tour (LPI)
Pluto, perception & planetary politics (David Jewitt & Jane X. Luu, Daedalus, Winter 2007) PDF
PSI - The Planetary Science Institute
PSRI - Home (Planetary Sciences Research Institute)
Questioning Dwarfs (Michael Brown, Astrobiology Magazine, 8 Mar 2007)

Regional Planetary Image Facility (Center for Earth and Planetary Studies, Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC)
Research at the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies
(Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum)
San Juan Institute Home Page
Science -- Science Collections: Planetary Science
The Scientific Case for a Mission to the Ice Giant Planets with Twin Spacecraft to Unveil the History of our Solar System (Diego Turrini et al., arXiv:1402.2650 [astro-ph.EP], 11 Feb 2014)
-- Return to the Ice Giants (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 18 Jun 2014)
Sources of Earth and Planetary Photography (comp. Rose Steinat, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Apr 1995, update)
Spacelink - Planetary Geology
Space Odyssey: Voyage to the Planets (BBC One)
SPIF (Spacecraft Planetary Imaging Facility, Cornell University)
The Structure of Jupiter, Saturn, and Exoplanets: Key Questions for High-Pressure Experiments (Jonathan J. Fortney, astro-ph/0608026, 1 Aug 2006)
Teaching What a Planet Is: A Roundtable on the Educational Implications of the New Definition of a Planet (ed. Andrew Fraknoi, Astronomy Education Review 5:2, 4 Oct 2006)
Terrestrial planetary dynamics: a view from U, Th geochemistry
(Xuezhao Bao, astro-ph/0606468, 20 Jun 2006)
37th LPSC: Downloadable Session Files (37th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, Texas, 13-17 Mar 2006)
3D Graphics, Renderings, Animations, Planetary Maps and Data
(Björn Jónsson)
UK goes to the Planets (co-ord. Anita Heward)
The UK Planetary Forum (Royal Astronomical Society)
UNB Regional Planetary Image Facility
(University of New Brunswick)
University of Arizona's Regional Planetary Image Facility (LPL)
UnmannedSpaceflight.com (Doug Ellison et al.)
Uppsala Planetary System Group
Uranium partitioning between liquid iron and silicate melt at high pressures: implications for uranium solubility in planetary cores (Xuezhao Bao et al., astro-ph/0606614, 25 Jun 2006, revised)
USGS Astrogeology Research Program
USGS Planetary GIS Web Server - PIGWAD (Planetary Interactive G.I.S.-on-the-Web Analyzable Database)
USGS Spectroscopy Lab (Roger N. Clark & Barnaby W. Rockwell)

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 (US National Research Council, 2011)
-- Report Identifies Priority Missions for Planetary Science in the Next Decade (National Academies, 7 Mar 2011)
-- Game Plan for NASA's Planetary Missions (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 7 Mar 2011)
Voyager (JPL)
Voyager (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Voyager (Planetary Society)
Voyager in Perspective (Joseph Green, ed. Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 20 Sep 2013)
Voyager Mission (USGS Astrogeology Research Program)
Voyager - Mission to the Outer Planets (Exploring The Planets)
The Voyager Mission Updates (Emily Lakdawalla, The Planetary Society Blog, 14 Sep 2010)
Voyager Project Information (NSSDC)
Voyager's Grand Tour (Stefan Scherer, Backreaction, 15 Sep 2007)
Voyager Starship - MIT Space Plasma Group
NASA Spacecraft Embarks on Historic Journey Into Interstellar Space (NASA Press Release, 13 Sep 2013)
-- Onward, Voyager, to the Stars! (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 13 Sep 2013)
Webquest: Discovering Planets
Welcome to the Planets (JPL)
-- Mirror Sites
-- McGill EPS Mirror
What is a Planet? (Gibor Basri, 1999)
What is a planet? (Steven Soter, astro-ph/0608359, 16 Aug 2006)
What Is a Planet? (Steven Soter, Scientific American 296:1:34-41, Jan 2007)
X-Ray Emission from Jupiter, Saturn, and Earth: A Short Review
(Anil Bhardwaj, astro-ph/0605282, 11 May 2006)
Yahoo! - Planets
Zeal.com - Solar System - Planets

See also Extrasolar Planets

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