[Home] [Fore] [Down] [Aft]
Contents Jump Search Gopher Meta Nodes Home Index

The Solar System

DESCRIPTION: The second of four pages on The Solar System (one of the Field Nodes comprising the subject tree of The Telson Spur), this page is a list of links to on-line resources related to the study of the planets (except Earth and its moon). The coordinate pages, with a common header and List of Contents, contain links to resources on the sun and solar system (including solar physics and planetary science in general), on the study of the Earth as a planet (including Earth observation and lunar science), and on small bodies (asteroids, comets, and meteors).

KEYWORDS: planet; planetology; terran; Mercury; Venus; Mars; jovian; Jupiter; Saturn; Uranus; Neptune; Pluto

[Up] [Down] List of Contents
  1. The Solar System - General

  2. The Sun

  3. Origin and Evolution of the Solar System

  4. The Planets of the Solar System

  5. Earth as a Planet
    Earth Observation
    The Moon

  6. Small Bodies
    Kuiper Belt and Oort Cloud
    Meteors and Meteorites
    NEOs, SB Impact, and Astroblemes

The Planets (cont.)

Planetary Science



A.L.P.O. Mercury Section
BepiColombo (ESA Science)
BepiColombo Cornerstone Mission to Mercury (ESTEC)
BepiColombo Study Report (ESA Solar System Division, Apr 2000)
CEPS Mercury Research (Center for Earth and Planetary Studies)
Exploring The Planets - Mercury (CEPS)
High Resolution Ground Based Images of the Planet Mercury
(Jody K. D. Wilson, Boston University Imaging Science Team)
Images of Mercury (NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Mercury
JPL Mercury (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Mariner 10 Image Browser and Reconstructor (Piotr A. Masek)
Mercury (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)

Mercury (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Mercury (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Mercury (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Mercury (NSSDC)
Mercury (Windows to the Universe)
Mercury Chaser's Calculator (John Walker)
The Mercury Messenger (Lunar & Planetary Institute)
Mercury Studies (Lunar & Planetary Laboratory)

Mercury System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS System
Mercury Throws Geologists a Curve (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 3 Nov 2009)
Mercury Today (SpaceRef)
Mercury Transit on May 7, 2003 (ESO)
Mercury Unveiled (G. Jeffrey Taylor, PSR Discoveries, 23 Jan 1997)
The Mercury Watch (Johan Warell, Uppsala Planetary System Group)
A message from Mercury (Louise Prockter, Physics World, 1 Feb 2011)
MESSENGER (MErcury Suface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging)
MESSENGER Education and Public Outreach
(Montana State University)
MESSENGER - Unlocking the Secrets of Mercury (NASA)
Occultations of Stars by Mercury (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
The Planet Mercury (USGS Flagstaff)
PSRD Archive: Mercury Articles
A Side of Mercury Not Seen By Mariner 10 (Gerald Cecil et al., arXiv:0708.0146v1 [astro-ph], 1 Aug 2007)
SVST Observations of Mercury (Uppsala Planetary System Group)
Transit of Mercury | 2006 (Exploratorium)
USGS Astrogeology: Mercury
The Voyage of Mariner 10: Mission to Venus and Mercury
(James A. Dunne & Eric Burgess, NASA SP-424, 1978)



Transit of Venus
Exploration of Venus

A.L.P.O. Venus Section
CEPS Venus Research (Center for Earth and Planetary Studies)
Exploring The Planets - Venus (CEPS)
Heavy Metal Frost? A New Look at a Venusian Mystery (Geological Society of America GSA News Release 14-75, 20 Oct 2014)
Images of Venus (NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Venus
JPL Venus (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Occultations of Stars by Venus (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
The Planet Venus (Gary Agranat)
The Planet Venus (USGS Flagstaff)
A Survey for Satellites of Venus (Scott S. Sheppard & Chadwick A. Trujillo, arXiv:0906.2781v1 [astro-ph.EP] , 15 Jun 2009)
USGS Astrogeology: Venus
Venus (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Venus (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror

Venus (MSSS)
Venus (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Venus (NSSDC)
Venus (Windows to the Universe)
Venus Atmosphere Profile from a Maximum Entropy Principle (Luis N. Epele et al., astro-ph/0609649, 24 Sep 2006)
Venus, Earth's structural sister: Investigations using radar imagery (Vicki Hansen, University of Minnesota, Duluth)
Venusian rendezvous results: chapter one (ESA Space Science, 13 Jul 2007)
Venus Introduction (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Venus Menu (ASU)
Venus Resources (Venus Exploration Analysis Group, LPI)
Venus System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
Venus Today (SpaceRef)


Transit of Venus

Chasing Venus: Observing the Transits of Venus 1631-2004
(Smithsonian Institution Libraries)
The 1882 Transit of Venus: Observations from Wellington, South Africa (Willie Koorts, South African Astronomical Observatory)
Good Astronomy: The Venus Transit of June 8, 2004
(Phil Plait, Bad Astronomy)
James Cook and the Transit of Venus (Science@NASA, 28 May 2004)
Observing, Photographing and Evaluating the Transit of Venus, June 8th, 2004 (Udo Backhaus)
Project Venus 2004 (Astronomical Society of Zurich)
Sun-Earth Day 2004 Venus Transit (NASA)
Transit Headquarters: Venus Crosses the Sun June 8
(Robert Roy Britt, Space.com, 18 May 2004)
Transit of Venus (BBC)
Transit of Venus (Exploratorium, San Francisco)

Transit of Venus - June 8, 2004 (Chuck Bueter)
Transit of Venus 2004 (Armagh Planetarium)
The Transit of Venus: 2012 June 5-6 (Steven van Rood)
The Transits of Venus (Jürgen Giesen)
Transits of Venus (Oxford University)
2004 and 2012 Transits of Venus (Fred Espenak, GSFC)
Venus Transit of 8 June 2004: Images from the Sites (NSO/GONG)
The Venus Transit 2004 (ESO)
Venus Transit - June 8 2004 (TRACE)
Your guide to the transit of Venus (Ivan Semeniuk, EXN.ca, 2 Jun 2004)
Your Guide to the Transit of Venus (Sky and Telescope)


Exploration of Venus

Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Venus Missions -- Letter Report (National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2006)
ESA Venus Entry Probe Study (Marcel L. van den Berg et al., Proceedings of 2nd International Planetary Probe Workshop (NASA Ames Conference Center, 23-26 August 2004), 25 Apr 2005)
The Galileo Venus Images (SEPO)
Guide to Magellan Image Interpretation (John P. Ford et al., JPL Publication 93-24, 1 Nov 1993)
-- PDS Site
Magellan (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Magellan Mission (USGS Astrogeology)
Magellan Mission to Venus (NSSDC)
Magellan: A New View of Venus' Geology and Geophysics
(D. L. Bindschadler, 1995)
Magellan: The Unveiling of Venus (JPL, 1989)
PDS Geosciences Node Data and Services: Venus
(NASA's Planetary Data System)
PDS Map-a-Planet Venus
The Soviet Exploration of Venus (Don P. Mitchell, Redmond, Washington)
Soviet Venus Probe Launches (Sven Grahn)
Third Meeting of the Venus Exploration and Analysis Group (VEXAG, NASA Lunar and Planetary Institute, 11 Jan 2007)
Venus Climate Orbiter Akatsuki (JAXA)
-- Japanese Spacecraft Approaches Venus (Dauna Coulter, NASA Science, 16 Aug 2010)
Venus Entry Probe (ESA Science & Technology)
Venus Exploration Analysis Group (VEXAG, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston)
Venus Express (ESA)
Venus Express (ESA Science)
Venus Express Launched (ESA Bulletin No. 124, Nov 2005)
Venus Geophysical Lander Discovery Concept
The Venus Hypermap (Duane Bindschadler & Bill Moore)
Venus Missions (Venus Exploration Analysis Group, LPI)
The Voyage of Mariner 10: Mission to Venus and Mercury
(James A. Dunne & Eric Burgess, NASA SP-424, 1978)
Voyages to the Planets: Venus (Steven J. Dick, Why We Explore, NASA, 12 Aug 2006)
The VSM: Venusian Probes (Alexander Chernov, Virtual Space Museum)



Surface of Mars
Water on Mars
Exploration of Mars

For life on mars, see (Past) Life on Mars?.

A.L.P.O. Mars Section
AMNH Mars (Rose Center, American Museum of Natural History)
Astrobiology Magazine | Mars Edition (ed. Helen Matsos et al., NASA)
Astronomy Scape: Mars
ASU Mars Education Program (Arizona State University)
ASU Mars Thermal Emission Spectrometer Home Page
(D. Anderson & K. Edgett)
-- Top 25 TES Science Results
BAA Mars Reports (Richard McKim et al., British Astronomical Association)
CEPS Mars Research (Center for Earth and Planetary Studies)
Deciphering Mars: The Current Decade (Jack Farmer, Astrobiology Magazine, 15 Sep 2005)
Discoveries from Mars: Using a Planetary Perspective to Enhance Undergraduate Geoscience Courses (The Cutting Edge, Carleton College)
Exploring the Planets - Mars (CEPS)
The Fifth International Conference on Mars (18-23 July 1999)
Hydrogen cloud blows off Mars (Alexandra Witze, Nature News & Comment, 14 Oct 2014)
Infrared Brightness Temperature of Mars, 1983-2103 (Edward L. Wright, astro-ph/0703640, 25 Mar 2007)
International MarsWatch (David R. Klassen, Rowan University)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Mars
JPL Mars (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Mars (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)

Mars (Bradley Keyes)
Mars (ESA Portal)
Mars (EXN.ca)
Mars (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Mars (MSSS)
Mars (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Mars (Net Advance of Physics)
Mars (NSSDC)
Mars (Windows to the Universe)
Mars Art Gallery (Jim Plaxco, Schaumburg, Illinois)
Mars Before the Space Age (Barrie W. Jones, arXiv:0811.2700 [astro-ph], 17 Nov 2008, revised)
MarsDaily.Com - Your Internet Portal To Mars (SpaceDaily.com)
Mars Education Program (JPL)
Mars: The Enigma of the Red Planet (CBC News)

Mars: Exploring the Red Planet (World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia)
Mars Global Surveyor Data Archives (NASA Planetary Data System)
Mars Home Page (NASA's Observatorium)
Mars Images Menu (ASU)
Mars Institute (Pascal Lee & Marc Boucher, et al., Vancouver, BC)
Mars Internet Sites (NASA's Office of Space Science)
Mars Introduction (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Mars in the Mind of Earth: A Bibliography (Gene Alloway)
Mars in Pop Culture: Film (David Catling, Astrobiology Magazine, 29 Jun 2005)
Mars in Pop Culture: Literature (David Catling, Astrobiology Magazine, 30 Jun 2005)
Mars in Pop Culture: Radio (David Catling, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 Jul 2005)
MarsNet Home Page
A Mars Never Dreamed of (Kathy Sawyer, National Geographic 199:2:30-51, Feb 2001)
MarsNews.com - The Planet Mars (Jim Burk et al.)
Mars Now (CalSpace & Mars Space Science Team)

Mars Open Directory (MarsNews.com)
Mars Overview (James E. Tillman)
Mars Pathfinder - Science Results Directory
MarsQuest Links and Resources
Mars Science Laboratory (JPL)
-- Mars Science Laboratory, the Next Mars Rover (NASA)
-- Mars Science Laboratory: Where is the Rover Now? (JPL)
-- NASA's Curiosity Mars Rover | Facebook
-- Curiosity Rover (MarsCuriosity) on Twitter
Mars System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
Mars, The Red Planet (Mars Pathfinder Mission, JPL)
Mars Team Online - Questions and Answers
(Sandy Dueck et al., NASA Ames RC)
MarsToday.com (SpaceRef)
Mars Topic Tracker - NASA Resources for Mars
Mars24 - Time on Mars (Robert B. Schmunk, NASA GISS)
The MarsWatch 1996-1997 Home Page (JPL)
-- MarsWatch Images, Latest
MarsWatch 1998-1999 Apparition (Astronomical League)
The Mars Web Ring

MOC Observes Changes in the South Polar Cap: Evidence for Recent Climate Change on Mars (MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-297, 6 Dec 2001)
-- Evidence for Recent Climate Change on Mars (Supplement to MOC2-297, 6 Dec 2001)
The Multifarious Martian Mantle (G. Jeffrey Taylor, PSRD, 23 Jun 2004)
NASA Ames Mars Atmospheric Modeling Group Homepage
New Scientist Planet Science: Mars
Occultations of Stars by Mars (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
The Planet Mars (USGS Flagstaff)
The Planet Mars: A History of Observation and Discovery
(William Sheehan, NASA, 1996)
Planet Mars, Mars Exploration and Mars Missions
(Hartmut Frommert, SEDS)
A Primordial and Complicated Ocean of Magma on Mars (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 31 Mar 2006)
PSRD Archive: Mars Articles
Recent Activity on Mars: Fire and Ice (Linda M. V. Martel, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 31 Jan 2005)
Red Guide to Mars (AMNH Mars)
Return to Mars: 2012 Rover Curiosity (Exploratorium)
Second Conference on Early Mars: Geologic, Hydrologic, and Climatic Evolution and the Implications for Life (Jackson Hole, Wyoming, 11-15 Oct 2004)
Squeezing Meteorites to Reveal the Martian Mantle (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 19 Dec 2006)
SVST Observations of Mars (Uppsala Planetary System Group)
2001 Mars Odyssey Data Archives (NASA Planetary Data System)
USGS Astrogeology: Mars
Wind measurements in Mars' middle atmosphere at equinox and solstice: IRAM Plateau de Bure interferometric CO observations (R. Moreno et al., astro-ph/0701901, 31 Jan 2007)


Surface of Mars

Animations of Mars (Kees Veenenbros)
Antarctic Guide to Martian Weathering (Linda M. V. Martel, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 13 Apr 2005)
An Astronaut's-Eye View of Mars (ESA, The Planetary Society Blog, 2 Jun 2010)
Clickworkers (NASA Ames)
Explore Mars (ASU Mars Space Flight Facility)
Exploring the Planets - The Surface of Mars (CEPS)
The Geology of Mars (Albert T. Hsui, University of Illinois)
Global Images of Mars (CMEX)
Google Mars
Images of Mars and All Available Satellites
(NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
Labeled MOLA Map of Mars (MOLA Science Team)
Latest Images from THEMIS (Thermal Emission Imaging System)
The Little Twisters' Impact: Dust Devils on Mars
(James R. Carr, Mercury 29:2:11-15, Mar-Apr 2000)
Major Martian Volcanoes from MOLA
Mapping Mars, now and in history (Emily Lakdawalla, The Planetary Society Blog, 26 Feb 2009)
Maps of all Mars images (Mars Odyssey Mission THEMIS)
Mariner 6 and 7 Image Browser (Piotr A. Masek)
Mariner 9 Image Browser (Piotr A. Masek)
Mars Atlas Home Page
Mars Atlas Revisited: The MGS MOC Wide Angle Map of Mars (Mars Global Surveyor MOC2-299 Release, Malin Space Science Systems, 1 Feb 2002)

Mars Explorer for the Armchair Astronaut
(NASA Planetary Data System)
Mars GIS, Maps, and Images (ESRI Earth System Science)
Mars Global Data Sets (Mars Space Flight Facility)
-- NASA Spacecraft Camera Yields Most Accurate Mars Map (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release, 23 Jul 2010)
Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera Image Gallery
(Malin Space Science Systems)
Mars Global Surveyor MOC Geodesy Campaign Mosaic
Mars Global Surveyor MOC Images (USGS-Flagstaff MGS-MOC)
Mars Images (MSSS Mars Image Release Directory)
Mars - MOLA 3D Map (Goddard)
Mars Multi-Scale Map (LANL)
Mars Odyssey Imagery (NASA, 13 Mar 2006)
Mars Surface Processes: The Mars Global Surveyor Mission at PSI
(Gregg Herres & William K. Hartmann, Planetary Science Institute)
Mars Today (Howard Houben, CMEX)
The Martian Landscape (NASA SP-425, 1978)

MGS MOC Begins Second Year of Extended Mission (MGS MOC Releases MOC2-300 to MOC2-304, 11 February 2002)
MOC Image Tests of the Mars Ocean Hypothesis (MGS MOC Releases MOC2-180 to MOC2-183, 1 Oct 1999)
MOLA Science Investigation (Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter)
MSSS MGS MOC Image Release Directory (Mars Orbiter Camera)
Northern Mars Landscape Actively Changing (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2011-039, 3 Feb 2011)
NSSDC Photo Gallery: Mars (Edwin V. Bell II, NASA/GSFC)
PDS Map-a-Planet Mars
PDS Mars Explorer for the Armchair Astronaut
Renderings of Mars (Kees Veenenbos)
Roving Mouse Mars Atlas
Source Crater for Martian Meteorites? (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 11 Mar 2014)
Strange Martian Spirals Explained (Dauna Coulter, NASA ScienceNews, 16 Jun 2010)
Surface Images of Mars (CMEX)
Surficial Geology of the Spirit Rover Traverse in Gusev Crater: Dry and Dessicating Since the Hesperian (Matt Golombek, QCShow Author Lecture of the Week, 26 Jun 2006)
THEMIS observes possible cave skylights on Mars (G. E. Cushing et al., Geophysical Research Letters, 15 Sep 2007; abstract)
-- NASA Orbiter Finds Possible Cave Skylights on Mars (NASA Mars Odyssey Mission News, 21 Sep 2007)
-- Full paper (presented at 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, Texas, 12-16 Mar 2007) PDF
-- Caves on Mars (Alan Boyle, Cosmic Log, 19 Mar 2007)
-- Windows onto the abyss: cave skylights on Mars (Emily Lakdawalla, The Planetary Society Blog, 23 May 2007)
Viking Orbiter Image Viewer (Piotr A. Masek)
Viking Orbiter Views of Mars (NASA SP-441, 1980)

Cydonia - the face on Mars (ESA Mars Express, 21 Sep 2006)
Cydonia: Martian Mystery Region (Mars Odyssey Mission THEMIS, 16 Jan 2007)
Cydonia's 'Face on Mars' in 3D animation
(ESA Mars Express, 23 Oct 2006)
The D&M Pyramid on Mars and Richard Hoagland's Theories about Cydonia (Ralph Greenberg)
The "Face on Mars" (MSSS)
The "Face on Mars" (NASA Fact Sheet)
The Face on Mars (Sally Stephens, 1993)
The Face on Mars and other Familiar Features
(Calvin J. Hamilton, Solar Views)
The Great Stone Face and Other Nonmysteries
(Martin Gardner, Skeptical Inquirer, Fall 1985)
"Happy Face" Crater on Mars (MSSS)
Highest Resolution View of "Face on Mars"
(MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-283, 24 May 2001)
Hoagland's Enterprise (MasonicInfo.com)
Mars and the Teachable Moment (Edna DeVore, Space.com SETI Thursday, 6 May 2004)
Mars Global Surveyor Images of the Cydonia Region of Mars (NSSDC)

Mars Global Surveyor Imaging of Cydonia
-- 6 April 1998
-- 14 April 1998
-- 24 April 1998
MarsNews.com - The "Face On Mars"
Mars Orbiter Camera Views the "Face on Mars" (6 April 1998)
-- MOC Views Another Area in Cydonia (14 April 1998)
-- MOC Images "The City Square" in Cydonia (24 April 1998)
New Pictures of the "Face on Mars" (Patrick Fitzgerald, CSICOP)
Richard Hoagland - Is it Fraud, or Human Error? (Rupert R. Chapelle)
Richard Hoagland's Nonsense (Phil Plait, Bad Astronomy)
Unmasking the Face on Mars (Science@NASA, 24 May 2001)

The Astrobiology Web | The Whole Mars Catalog
Collecting Meteorites from Mars in Antarctica (Luann Becker)
The Los Angeles Meteorite (JPL)
The Los Angeles Meteorite Home Page (Robert Verish)
Mars Meteorite Home Page (JPL)
The Martian "Fossils" (Jamie Love, 15 Jan 1998)
Martian Meteorites Record Surface Temperatures on Mars (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 29 Jul 2005)
Meteorites from Mars! (GSFC)
Meteorites from Mars (JSC)
Nanofossils may be digested organic matter: Alleged remains of tiny ancient bacteria could just be balls of protein (Philip Ball, Nature Science Update, 6 Aug 2003)
New Mars Meteorite Found in Morocco (NWA 856)
NWA 1110
Oxidants from Pulverized Minerals (Linda M. V. Martel, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 19 Jun 2007)
A Piece of Mars? (Exploring The Planets)

See also (Past) Life on Mars?


Water on Mars

Alien Yet Familiar: Following Curiosity Across Mars (Caleb A. Scharf, Life, Unbounded, Scientific American Blog Network, 28 Nov 2014)
Ancient Floodwaters and Seas on Mars
(Linda M. V. Martel, PSRD, 16 Jul 2003)
Blue Mars? (Nathalie A. Cabrol, SETI Institute, 27 Jun 2000)
The Case of the Missing Mars Water (Science@NASA, 5 Jan 2001)
Craters Reveal Ice in the Martian Dust (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 27 Mar 2009)
Curiosity Finds Ancient Streambed on Mars (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 28 Sep 2012)
Curiosity Studies Mars Dry-out (Camille M. Carlisle, Sky & Telescope, 29 Dec 2014)
The Curious Case of Martian Methane (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 15 Jan 2009)
Deciphering Mars: Follow the Water (Jack Farmer, Astrobiology Magazine, 12 Sep 2005)
Dirty Ice on Mars (G. Jeffrey Taylor, NASA Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 5 Jun 2002)
Evidence for Recent Groundwater Seepage and Surface Runoff on Mars (Michael C. Malin & Kenneth S. Edgett, Science Magazine, 30 Jun 2000) PDF
--SpaceDaily Mirror
Exploring Mars: Landscapes and the History of Water (Maria T. Zuber, WGBH Forum Network, Boston, 2 Jan 2004)
Found it! Ice on Mars (Science@NASA, 28 May 2002)
Fountain of Youth (Kenneth L. Tanaka, Perspectives, Science Magazine, 30 Jun 2000) PDF
GRS: Announcement of Initial Science Findings: Observation of large amounts of ice on Mars (William V. Boynton et al., 28 May 2002)
GRS: Odyssey Finds Water Ice In Abundance Under Mars' Surface (28 May 2002)
Gullies and Canyons, Rocks and Experiments: The Mystery of Water on Mars (G. Jeffrey Taylor, PSR Discoveries, 24 Apr 2001)

Identification of Former Lakes on Mars (Rossman P. Irwin III, CEPS)
Is There Water on Mars? (NASA SpaceLink)
Magma and Water on Mars (G. Jeffrey Taylor, Planetary Science Research Discoveries, 27 Dec 2005)
Making a Splash on Mars (Science@NASA, 29 Jun 2000)
Mars Ice (Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer)
Mars Water (Mars Today)
Mars Methane Mystery: Curiosity Rover May Find New Clues (Leonard David, Space.com, 23 Oct 2012)
MARTE Project Unoffical Website (Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment)
Martian Methane Reveals the Red Planet is not a Dead Planet (Bill Steigerwald, NASA Mars News, 15 Jan 2009)
Martian methane traced to three 'hotspots' (Rachel Courtland, New Scientist, 15 Jan 2009)
Martian Water, Past and Present (Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 Dec 2005)
Methane Discovery reveals Mars is not a Dead Planet (Tony Philips Science@NASA, 15 Jan 2009)
Methane pockets may narrow search for Mars life (Rachel Courtland, New Scientist, 15 Jan 2009)
MOC Images Suggest Recent Source of Liquid Water on Mars
(MGS MOC2-234 to MOC2-245 Releases, 22 Jun 2000)
--SpaceDaily Image Server
NASA Mars Rover Finds Mineral Vein Deposited by Water (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release, 7 Dec 2011)
-- "Slam Dunk" Sign of Ancient Water on Mars (NASA Science News, 8 Dec 2011)
NASA Spacecraft Data Suggest Water Flowing on Mars (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release, 4 Aug 2011)
-- Strongest Evidence Yet for Martian Water (Raphael Rosen, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 4 Aug 2011)
-- Mars Bars: Seasonal Markings on Martian Slopes Could Indicate Flowing Water (John Matson, Scientific American Blog, 4 Aug 2011)
New Images Suggest Present-Day Sources of Liquid Water on Mars
(text of NASA press release, 22 Jun 2000)
New Images Suggest Present-Day Sources of Liquid Water on Mars
(NASA Webcast of press conference, 22 Jun 2000)
Once Upon a Water Planet (Science@NASA, 12 Mar 2002)
The Origin of Perennial Water Ice at the South Pole of Mars (Frank Montmessin et al., 7th International Conference on Mars, Pasadena, California, 9-13 Jul 2007) PDF
-- The origin of perennial water-ice at the South Pole of Mars (ESA Space Science, 13 Jul 2007)

Reconciling methane variations on Mars (ESA Mars Express, 6 Aug 2009)
The Red Planet's Watery Past (Jim Bell, Scientific American 295:6:62-9, Dec 2006)
Rice Study Hints At Water - And Life - Under Olympus Mons (Mars Daily, 5 Mar 2009)
The search for water ice on Mars (Oliver Merrington, World Data Centre for Glaciology, Cambridge)
Seasonal Variations of Snow Depth on Mars (D. E. Smith et al., 2001)
Special Report: Continuing Coverage of the Mars Water Discovery
U of G Scientists Uncover First Evidence of Water Still On Mars (University of Guelph News Release, 17 Oct 2007)
-- Canadian papers: NASA's Rover overturned some soil et voilá : water. (Knight Science Journalism Tracker, 19 Oct 2007)
Variability of the methane trapping in martian subsurface clathrate hydrates (Caroline Thomas et al., arXiv:0810.4359v1 [astro-ph], 23 Oct 2008)
Wading in Martian Water (Bernard Foing, Astrobiology Magazine, 2 May 2005)
Water and Ice on Mars (from The Fifth International Conference on Mars, 18-23 Jul 1999, Pasadena, California)
Water & Life on Mars? (Denver Museum of Nature & Science)
Water on Mars (CMEX)
Water on Mars? (Davison E. Soper)
Water on Mars? (MarsDaily.Com)
Water on Mars (Scirus)
Water on Mars: How Much Was There? Where Is It Now? (Earth Science and Solar System Exploration Division, Johnson Space Center)
A Water-Rich Planet (Exploring The Planets)
Waterworld? (Seth Shostak, SETI Institute, 22 Jun 2000)
What Lies Beneath: Interview with Jeff Plaut (Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, 19 Mar 2007)
White Mars (Nick Hoffman, University of Melbourne)

See also Mars News


Exploration of Mars

Access Mars (National Space Centre, UK)
Aim for Mars! (The Planetary Society)
Alex Michael Bonnici's Mars Exploration Page
AMASE 2007 - Arctic Mars Analog Svalbard Expedition, Svalbard, Norway, 12-26 Aug 2007 (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
-- Field Reports by Kirsten Fristad (NASA)
-- Student Blog by Thea Falkenbergand (ESA)
An Analysis of the Precursor Measurements of Mars Needed to Reduce the Risk of the First Human Mission to Mars (David W. Beaty et al., MEPAG, 2 Jun 2005) PDF
ARES - A Proposed Mars Scout Mission
(Joel S. Levine et al., NASA Langley RC)
Assessment of NASA's Mars Architecture 2007-2016 (U.S. National Research Council, 2006)
Assessment of Mars Science and Mission Priorities
(U.S. National Research Council, 2003)
ASTEP - Limits of Life in the Atacama (Nathalie Cabrol et al., Astrobiology for Science Technology for Exploring the Planets)
An Astrobiology Strategy for the Exploration of Mars (National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2007)
Athena: Mars Exploration Rovers (Cornell University)
Aurora - The European Programme for the Exploration of the Solar System (European Space Agency)
Aurora Exploration Programme (ESA)
The Aurora Programme (European Space Agency, Feb 2004) PDF
Autonomous Helicopter Project
(Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute)
(AXCH) 2004 Mars Exploration Rovers - News, Status, Technical Info, History (Axon Chisel)
A Beagle Sniffs for Life on Mars (Jay Withgott, Profile, HMS Beagle 91, 24 Nov 2000)
Beagle 2 (Planetary Sciences Research Institute, UK)
Beagle 2 ESA/UK Commission of Inquiry (5 Apr 2004) PDF
Beagle-2 lander found on Mars (Rudolf Schmidt, ESA Mars Express, 16 Jan 2015)
-- British Mars lander find is bittersweet victory (Elizabeth Gibney, Nature News & Comment, 16 Jan 2015)
-- Long-lost Beagle 2 Lander Found on Mars (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope, 19 Jan 2015)
Beagle 2 Mission Report and 'Lessons Learned' Report
(Beagle 2 Project Team, 20 Aug 2004)
Beagle 2 Resources (Colin Pillinger et al., The Open University)
The beginnings of planetary exploration (Andrew J. LePage, The Space Review, 11 Oct 2010)
Be a Martian! Age of Virtual Exploration & the Human-Robotic Partnership (JPL)
-- NASA and Microsoft Allow Earthlings to Become Martians (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Biology and the Future of Mars (Christopher P. McKay, QCShow Author Lecture of the Week, 31 Jul 2006)
Center for Mars Exploration Home Page (NASA)
Challenges facing the human exploration of Mars (David Scott, Royal Society, London, 5 May 2004)
Clark Community Network || Space (Wesley Clark 2004 US Presidential Campaign)
CraterNet: Haughton-Mars Project (Stephen P. Braham, SFU)
CRISM Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars
(JHU Applied Physics Laboratory)
Deciphering Mars: The Future (Jack Farmer, Astrobiology Magazine, 26 Sep 2005)
Deep Space 2 - Mars Microprobes, Amundsen and Scott
Deimos Sample Return (ESA Science & Technology)
Design a Mission to Mars Guide (NASA SpaceLink)
Destination Mars (Wendy Buchberg & Ted Latham, Discovery Channel School)
Discovery Online -- Mars Mission WebLinks
Don't send bugs to Mars (Barry E. DiGregorio, New Scientist 2792, 28 Dec 2010)
Earth Invades Mars (SpaceDaily)
EuroMARS | European Mars Analogue Research Station (Mars Society)
Expedition Mars: Mars Expedition Research Council
(Mars Society of Canada)
Exploration of Mars (Exploring The Planets)

The Exploration of Mars (Greg Goebel)
Exploration of Mars: Landers and rovers on the Red Planet
(CBC News Interactive)
Explore Mars (Astrodigital)
Explore Mars: A Guide to NASA's Exploration of Mars (SpaceKids)
ExploreMarsNow.org Interactive Mars Habitat (Nexterra)
Exploring Mars (Anthony R. Curtis)
Exploring Mars (CNN In-Depth Special)
Exploring Mars (ed. Ashly Stohl)
Exploring Mars (LPI)
Exploring Mars (The Planetary Society)
Exploring the Red Planet (In-Depth Report, Scientific American, 3 Nov 2011)
Eyes on the Red Planet: Human Mars Mission Planning, 1952-1970
(Annie Platoff, NASA/CR-2001-208928, Jul 2001)
FIDO Science Server
Field Integrated Design & Operations (FIDO) Rover (JPL)
1st Mars Express Conference Presentations (ESA, Feb 2005)
The Fourth Planet (Stuart A. Kingsley)
Hank Green's Mars Exploration Page
Haughton-Mars Project (Keith Cowing et al., Mars Institute)
-- Team Blogs
The Haughton-Mars Project (NASA)
High Lakes 2006 Science Expedition (Nathalie A. Cabrol et al., SETI Institute)
HiRISE (NASA Advanced Supercomputing)
HiRISE - The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment
(Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter)
-- HiRISE | PDS Release: September 2009 (HiRISE Operations Center)
HiRISE Operations Center (HiROC, University of Arizona, Tucson)
Human Exploration of Mars: The Reference Mission of the NASA Mars Exploration Study Team (ed, Stephen J. Hoffman & David L. Kaplan, NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Jul 1997)
Human Missions to Mars: Overall Architecture Assessment (A. Santovincenzo et al., CDF Study Report, ESTEC Concurrent Design Facility, ESA, Feb 2004) PDF
Human Space Flight (HSF) - Exploring Mars (NASA)
Humans to Mars (MarsNews.com)
ICAMSR - International Committee Against Mars Sample Return
(Barry E. DiGregorio et al.)
Imagine Mars Home Page (JPL)
InSight Mission (JPL Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport)
-- New NASA Mission to Take First Look Deep Inside Mars (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2012-250, 20 Aug 2012)
-- New NASA Mars Landing Mission to Probe Red Planet's Core (Mike Wall, Space.com, 20 Aug 2012)
-- NASA Keeps Focus on Mars (Camille Carlisle, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 22 Aug 2012)
-- NASA's Next Mars Lander Will Peer Deep into Planet's History (Leonard David, SPACE.com, Scientific American, 18 Aug 2014)
Inspiration Mars
-- Mars Flyby: Daring to Venture (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 28 Feb 2013)
The International Agency for the Development of Mars
(Jeff Brooks, The Space Review, 11 Dec 2006)

International Mars Exploration Working Group
ISRO: Mars Orbiter Mission (Indian Space Research Organisation)
-- Why India Is Going to Mars (Manoj Kumar Patairiya, New York Times Sunday Review, 22 Nov 2013)
-- India's Mars Orbiter Mission Arrives Safely (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope, 23 Sep 2014)
Join the Spirit of Mars Exploration
(ESRI Earth System Science)
Journey to Mars (JPL)
JPL Mars Missions
JPL Martian Chronicle Home Page
The Latest News from Mars (Mars Exploration Rover Mission)
Lessons learnt from Beagle 2 and plans to implement recommendations from the Commission of Inquiry (ESA Portal, 24 May 2004)
Let's Go to Mars! (The Space Place)
Life in the Atacama 2004: Public Remote Experience
(NASA EventScope)
Live from Earth and Mars (UW)
-- Live From Earth and Mars Mirror Sites
-- Mars Pathfinder
Live From Mars (NASA)
-- Webchat (NASA K-12 Internet)
Maestro Headquarters
MainlyMartian (Oliver Morton)
MARIE - Mars Radiation Environment Experiment (2001 Odyssey)
Mars (Robert Shepard)
Mars-96 Mission (IKI)
Mars 96 Mission Failure - Russian Space Agency
Mars Academy
Mars and Beyond (Disneyland - 4.12, 1957; YouTube, uploaded 17 Apr 1011)

The Mars Challenge
Mars Climate Orbiter Official Website
Mars Climate Orbiter Mishap Investigation Board Phase I Report
(NASA, 10 Nov 1999)
Mars Desert Research Station (Mars Society)
-- My life on Mars (Ashley Dale, Physics World, 2 Oct 2012)
Mars Exploration (JPL)
-- MarsWeb Mirror
Mars Exploration (Mars Now Museum)
Mars Exploration: Odyssey of Discovery (David A. Aguilar & Samuel P. Kounaves, WGBH Forum Network, Boston, 21 Apr 2004)
Mars Exploration Program Landing Sites
(NASA Advanced Supercomputing)
Mars Exploration Program Search (JPL)
Mars Exploration Rover Imagery (Michael Lyle et al.)
Mars Exploration Rover Mission (JPL)
The Mars Exploration Rover Mission (The Planetary Society)
Mars Exploration Rovers (NASA EventScope)
Mars Exploration Rover Technical Data: The Mars Exploration Rover Maintenance Manual (Rupert Scammell)
Mars Exploration Technology Program Plan
(C. R. Weisbin et al., Aug. 1996)
Mars Exploration Timeline (JPL)

Mars Express (European Space Agency)
Mars Express (ESA Science)
Mars Express: The Journey to Mars
Mars Express: The Scientific Payload (ed. Andrew Wilson, ESA SP-1240, Aug 2004) PDF
Mars Express, U.S. Participation in Europe's (NASA)
MarsFest '99 (Mars Society)
Mars: The Future (from The Fifth International Conference on Mars, 18-23 Jul 1999, Pasadena, California)
Mars Global Surveyor (Hartmut Frommert)
Mars Global Surveyor (Main JPL Site)
-- MarsWeb Mirror
Mars Global Surveyor (NASA Missions)
Mars Global Surveyor (NASA's Observatorium)
Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera: Interplanetary Cruise through Primary Mission (M. C. Malin & K. S. Edgett, Preprint, 17 Sep 2001)
Mars Global Surveyor Mission (USGS Astrogeology)
Mars Global Surveyor - Science

Mars Global Surveyor: Science Magazine (13 March 1998)
Mars Gravity Biosatellite Program (MIT)
Mars Guide (BBCi)
The Mars Homestead Project (Mars Society)
Mars Institute (Pascal Lee & Marc Boucher, et al.)
Mars: The Interstellar Connection (Gerald W. Driggers, ed. Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 7 Oct 2013)
Marsis Home Page (Giovanni Picardi et al., Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding)
Mars Landing Sites (Rodrigo De Toledo & Geoffrey Bruce, NASA ARC)
Marslink: A Space Education Program Base on the Mars Global Surveyor Mission (Space Explorers, Inc.)
The Mars Millennium Project (U.S.)
Mars mission [MER] lasts well past sell-by date
(Larry Klaes, The Ithaca Journal, 18 Jul 2006)
Mars Mission Launch Sequence (Hartmut Frommert)
Mars Missions in 2005 and Beyond (JPL)
Mars Missions -- JPL Mirror Sites
Mars Missions using Rovers (USGS Astrogeology)
Mars Network- Gateway to the Mars Frontier (Doug Abraham, JPL)
Mars Odyssey (NASA Missions)
Mars Odyssey Orbiter: The 2001 Mission to the Red Planet
(Space.com Special Report)
Mars on Earth (Discovery Channel Online Expedition)
Mars on Earth (NASA Haughton-Mars Project)
Mars or bust? (Bob McDonald, Quirks & Quarks, CBC News, 20 Sep 2007)
Mars Pathfinder (Hartmut Frommert)
Mars Pathfinder Mission (JPL)
Mars Pathfinder Mission - Home Page (JPL)
Mars As Seen Through the Eyes of the Sojourner Rover
(Mars Pathfinder)

Mars Polar Lander and Deep Space 2 (Learning Technologies Channel)
Mars Polar Lander/Mars Climate Orbiter Resources (Chris Johnson)
Mars Polar Lander Official Website
-- Mars Society MPL Mirror Site
Mars Polar Lander - Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor (MVACS)
Mars Program Independent Assessment Team (MPIAT) Report
(JPL, 14 Mar 2000)
MarsQuest Online! (Daniel Barstow & Eric De Jong et al.)
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (JPL)
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA Missions)
Mars Reports (Young Report & Casani Report)
Mars Rising (DiscoveryChannel.ca, 7 Oct - 11 Nov 2007)
-- Mars Rising (RacetoMars.ca)
The Mars Room (Adam Labelson & Dave Theison, U. Maryland)
Mars Rover Special Report (Space.com)
Mars Rovers, Special Report on (New Scientist)
Mars Scouts Concept Workshop (Pasadena, 22-24 May 2001)
The Mars Society (Harold Miller & Robert Zubrin)
-- Caltech/JPL Chapter
-- MIT Chapter
-- Seattle/Puget Sound Chapter

The Mars Society - Australian Chapter
The Mars Society Canada
-- Toronto Chapter (TO-Mars)
-- Victoria Chapter
The Mars Society UK
The Mars Society Flashline Arctic Research Station
(Haughton Crater, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada)
The Mars Surveyor 98 Press Kit
(NASA 1998 Mars Missions Press Kit, Dec. 1998)
Mars Surveyor 2001 (JPL Mars Exploration)
Mars Surveyor 2001 Martian Radiation Environment Experiment (MARIE)
Mars Surveyor 2001 Orbiter (NASA Fact Sheet, JPL) PDF
Mars 2001 Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS)
Mars 2003 Rover (NASA Fact Sheet, JPL) PDF
Mars 2005 and Beyond (NSSDC)

Mars Web Project (David Palermo)
Mars: Windows on the World (Joy Crisp, Astrobiology Magazine, 30 May 2005)
Martian Chronicles (Steve Squyres, Astrobiology Magazine, 29 Sep 2003-)
The Martian Hot Spots (Joy Crisp, Astrobiology Magazine, 16 Jun 2005)
Martian Landings, Then and Now (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 2 Aug 2012)
The Martian Mortal Coil: Interview with Nathalie Cabrol (Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, 4 Apr 2005)
Martian Soil - Daily news on the Planet Mars (Fred Kiesche)
MAVEN (NASA Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN Mission)
MEPAG | Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group
(NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
MER Analyst's Notebook (PDS Geosciences Node, Washington University in St. Louis)
The MER Mission and the Stratigraphic History of the Meridiani Planum (Steven Squyres, QCShow Author Lecture of the Week, 3 Jul 2006)
Mission: Mars (Wm. H. Clark II)
Mission to Mars (Discovery Channel)
Mission to Mars (Nature In Focus)
Mission to Mars (The Washington Post Online, Special Report)
Mission to Mars Homepage (Andrew Holbrook et al., ThinkQuest)
The MoonMars Workshop Initiative (Douglas K. R. Robinson et al., Space Generation Forum)
MSL Science Corner (Mars Science Laboratory, JPL)
-- NASA Instrument Will Identify Clues to Martian Past (Guy Webster, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release, 28 Jun 2010)
MSP'98: Thermal and Evolved Gas Analyzer (TEGA)
M2K4: Roaming the Red Planet (NASA's Mars Exploration Rovers)
Much Ado at Mars (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 24 Sep 2012)
MVACS Payload (Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor)
Mystic Mars (NASA's Observatorium)
NASA Orbiter Penetrates Mysteries of Martian Ice Cap (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release, 26 May 2010)
NASA Roadmap for the Robotic and Human Exploration of Mars (SpaceRef.com, 26 May 2005)
Net Base Mars! (Frank DeFreitas)
The NetLander Mission
New Mars - A Journal of the Martian Frontier (Mars Society)
A New Way [ballistic capture] to Reach Mars Safely, Anytime and on the Cheap (Adam Hadhazy, Scientific American, 22 Dec 2014)
NOVA | Is There Life on Mars? (Jonathan Grupper, PBS, 30 Dec 2008)
NOVA | MARS Dead or Alive (Mark Davis, PBS, 4 Jan 2004)
NOVA | Ultimate Mars Challenge [Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity;] (Gail Willumsen et al., PBS, 14 Nov 2012)
Nozomi (Planet-B) Mars Orbiter (ISAS, Japan)
Obama NASA plan: Mars shot as next generation's Apollo mission (Pete Spotts, Christian Science Monitor, 15 Apr 2010)
Odyssey Telecommunications (Andre Makovsky et al., JPL DESCANSO, Oct 2002) PDF
On the Habitability of Mars: An approach to planetary ecosynthesis (M. M. Averner & R. D. Macelroy, NASA SP-414, 1 Jul 1976) PDF
On Mars: Exploration of the Red Planet 1958-1978 (Edward Clinton Ezell & Linda Neuman Ezell, NASA SP-4212, Washington, DC, 1984)
Opportunity's Escape from Dune (Joy Crisp, Astrobiology Magazine, 6 Jun 2005)
Overview of the Mars Pathfinder Mission...
(M. P. Golombek et al., Science, 5 Dec. 1997)

Pancam (Jim Bell et al., Mars Exploration Rover)
Pathfinder Images (Katen Kapadia)
PDS Geosciences Node Data and Services: Mars
(NASA's Planetary Data System)
The Personal Exploration Rover (Illah Nourbakhsh et al., Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute)
Phoenix (The Planetary Society)
Phoenix diary: Mission to Mars (Tom Pike, BBC News)
Phoenix Mars Lander (Mars Scout) Home Page
(Peter H. Smith et al., Univ of Arizona)
-- MarsPhoenix (Twitter.com)
The Phoenix Mars Scout Mission (Tufts University)
Phoenix Mission (NASA)
Phoenix Takes Flight (Henry Bortman, Astrobiology Magazine, 3 Sep 2007)
Phoenix unlocks the icy history of Mars (Jacqueline Hewett, Optics & Laser Europe, Nov 2008; Physics World, 13 Nov 2008)
Piecing Together Life's Potential (Interview with Carol Stoker, Astrobiology Magazine, 15 May 2006)
The Planetary Society on Mars!
The Planetary Society's Red Rover Goes to Mars Project
Planet Mars, Mars Exploration and Mars Missions
(Hartmut Frommert, SEDS)
Pressurized Mars Analog Rover Project (Mars Society)
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars (Christopher F. Chyba et al., National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2006)
P2K - To Mars with MER (Passport to Knowledge)
The Quarantine and Certification of Martian Samples (John A. Wood et al., NRC Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, 2001)
Race for Mars (BBC News In Depth, 2003; updated)
Race to Mars (dir. George Mihalka, DiscoveryChannel.ca, Sep 2007)
Rapid Mars Transits With Exhaust-Modulated Plasma Propulsion (Franklin R. Chang-Diaz et al., NASA Technical Paper 3539, Mar 1995) PDF
Reaching for the Red Planet (Mary Urquhart)
Redesigning Living Organisms for Mars (Amy Grunden & Wendy Boss, QCShow Author Lecture of the Week, 14 Aug 2006)
Report on the Loss of the Mars Polar Lander and Deep Space 2 Missions (JPL Special Review Board, 22 Mar 2000) PDF
Report on Project Management in NASA (Mars Climate Orbiter Mishap Investigation Board, 13 Mar 2000) PDF
Return to Mars (National Geographic)
A Roadmap for the Robotic and Human Exploration of Mars
(NASA, May 2005)
Roving Mars (Seven W. Squyres, Astrobiology Magazine, 8 Sep 2005)
Safe on Mars: Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Martian Surface (U.S. National Research Council, 2002)
The Search For Beagle 2 (Stuart Hurst et al., The Open University)
SETI Institute: Life at the SETI Institute: Future Direction of Martian Exploration (Adrian Brown, Huffington Post, 4 Aug 2010)
SHARAD: Mars Shallow Subsurface Radar (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter)
Solar X-ray Flare Hazards on the Surface of Mars (David S. Smith & John M. Scalo, astro-ph/0610091, 3 Oct 2006)
Soviet/Russian Mars Probe Launches (Sven Grahn)
Space Geology: From the Moon to Mars (Harrison H. Schmitt, 'From the Moon to Mars,' in Scientific American 301:1:36-43, Jul 2009)
The Spirit of Exploration (George Musser, Scientific American 290:3:52-7, Mar 2004)
Spirit, the Problem Child (Joy Crisp, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 Jun 2005)
Think Mars - A Business Concept for the Human Exploration of Mars (Justin Talbot-Stern et al., MIT)
To Mars and Beyond: Search for the Origins of Life
(National Museum of Australia)
TPS Mars Microphone Home Page (Amna Mohammed)
The Translife Mars Gravity Biosatellite Project: A Private Initiative to Study the Effects of Martian Gravity on Mammals
2001 Mars Odyssey Home Page
-- Mars Odyssey Pictures
2001 Mars Odyssey Launch Press Kit (April 2001) PDF
2001 Mars Odyssey Arrival Press Kit (Oct 2001) PDF

2001 Mars Odyssey - Aerobraking
2001 Mars Odyssey Gamma Ray Spectrometer
(William V. Boynton et al., LPL)
2001 Mars Odyssey High Energy Neutron Detector (HEND)
2003 Mars Exploration Rovers Athena Science Payload: Mini-Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES, ASU)
2020 Mission Plans (Mars 2020 Science Definition Team Final Report, 1 Jul 2013)
2020 Vision NMB Webpage (MIT Mars Team)
UCB SSL Mars Microphone Site (Indraneel Sircar)
The Ultimax Group's Mars Page
US panel sets sights on Mars (Lauren Morello, Nature News & Comment, 4 Jun 2014)
Views of the Mars Pathfinder Landing Site (Brent Hugh)
Viking (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Viking Mission (USGS Astrogeology)
Viking Project Information (NSSDC)
Viking Rover Studies (Harold Masursky et al., USGS Center of Astrogeology, Flagstaff, Arizona, Jul 1974) PDF
The VSM: Martian Probes (Alexander Chernov, Virtual Space Museum)
Wet Mars: An Interview with Kim Stanley Robinson
(Space.com, 26 Jun 2000)
Why Is Mars So Hard? (2002 MAPLD International Conference Panel Session, 11 Sep 2002)
Wings Over Mars (NASA Ames Research Center)

See also Mars News



Exploration of Jupiter

What men are poets who can speak of Jupiter if he were like a man, but if he is an immense spinning sphere of methane and ammonia must be silent?
Richard P. Feynman

A.L.P.O. Jupiter Section
BAA Jupiter Section (John Rogers et al., British Astronomical Association)
Causes of Observed Long-Periodic Variations of the Polarization at Polar Regions of Jupiter (O. S. Shalygina et al., astro-ph/0607187, 10 Jul 2006)
Images of Jupiter and All Available Satellites
(NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
International Jupiter Watch
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Jupiter
The Jovian System (Project Galileo)
JPL Jupiter (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
JPL Picture Archive: Cassini/Galileo Images of Jupiter
Jumpin' Jupiter! Metallic Hydrogen (William Nellis)
Jupiter (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Jupiter (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror

Jupiter (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Jupiter (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Jupiter (NSSDC)
Jupiter (Windows to the Universe)
Jupiter: The Giant Planet (World Book)
Jupiter Images Menu (ASU)
Jupiter Observations with the Boston University Imaging System
(Jody Wilson)
Jupiter's composition: sign of a (relatively) late formation in a chemically evolved protosolar disk (Tristan Guillot & Ricardo Hueso, astro-ph/0601043, 3 Jan 2006)
Jupiter's Great Red Spot (Amy Simon et al., STScI)

Jupiter System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
Jupiter Takes Another Hit! (Sky & Telescope Homepage News, 3 Jun 2010)
-- Jupiter Impact (video, Anthony Wesley & Christopher Go, 3 Jun 2010)
-- Another impact on Jupiter (Michael E. Bakich, Astronomy, 4 Jun 2010)
-- Mysterious Flash on Jupiter Left No Debris Cloud (NASA News Release, 16 Jun 2010)
-- The Jupiter Meteor that Didn't Go Splash (Alan MacRobert, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 16 Jun 2010)
JUPOS.org - Database for Object Positions on Jupiter (Hans-Jörg Mettig et al.)
Meteoritical and dynamical constraints on the growth mechanisms and formation times of asteroids and Jupiter (Edward R. D. Scott, astro-ph/0607317, 13 Jul 2006)
Modeling the Jovian subnebula: II - Composition of regular satellites ices (Olivier Mousis & Yann Alibert, 28 Oct 2005)
New NASA Images Indicate Object Hits Jupiter (Carolina Martinez, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release, 20 Jul 2009)
-- An Impact on Jupiter! (The Editors of Sky & Telescope, 20 Jul 2009)
-- Jupiter impact continues to impress (Bill Andrews, Astronomy, 27 Jul 2009)
Occultations of Stars by Jupiter (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
The Planet Jupiter (USGS Flagstaff)
Project Radio Jove Home Page
PSRD Archive: Jupiter System Articles
Red Spot Jr. (Christopher Go et al., HST Jupiter Collaboration)
Sequestration of Noble Gases in Giant Planet Interiors (Hugh F. Wilson & Burkhard Militzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 121101, 22 Mar 2010) PDF
-- Peering into Jupiter (Jonathan Fortney, Viewpoint, Physics 3, 26, 22 Mar 2010)
Thermal Structure and Composition of Jupiter's Great Red Spot from High-Resolution Thermal Imaging (Leight N. Fletcher et al., ESO, 1 Feb 2010) PDF
-- Jupiter's Spot Seen Glowing (eso1010, Science Release, 16 Mar 2010)
-- See Spot on Jupiter. See Spot Glow (Jia-Rui C. Cook, JPL News Release, 16 Mar 2010)
USGS Astrogeology: Jupiter

Galileo Project: The Moons and Rings of Jupiter
Jupiter's Ring System (NASA Planetary Rings Node)
JPL Picture Archive: Galileo Images of the Jovian Moons
The Jupiter Satellite Page (Scott S. Sheppard & David C. Jewitt, IfA)
-- Jupiter's Known Satellites
-- The New Outer Satellites of Jupiter
Modeling the Jovian subnebula: I - Thermodynamical conditions and migration of proto-satellites (Yann Alibert et al., astro-ph/0505367, 18 May 2005)

Galileo Images of Io
Extreme Volcanoes on Jupiter's Moon Io (Maria Temming, Sky & Telescope, 12 Aug 2014)
Galileo SSI Observations of Io C21-I27 (Zibi Turtle et al.)
Io (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Io (Galileo Project)
Io Aurorae: Galileo Imaging of Atmospheric Emissions from Io
(P. E. Geissler et al., 1999)
Io Fact Sheet (Project Galileo)
Io Home Page (Jason E. Perry)
Loki, Io: New groundbased observations and a model describing the change from periodic overturn (Julie A. Rathbun & John R. Spencer, astro-ph/0605240, 9 May 2006)
Sulfur Volcanism on Io (Kandis Lea Jessup et al., astro-ph/0603329, 13 Mar 2006)
Temporal behavior of the SO 1.707 micron ro-vibronic emission band in Io's atmosphere (Conor Laver et al., astro-ph/0703007, 28 Feb 2007)
What Io Can Teach Us (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 14 Aug 2014)

Europa (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Europa (Galileo Project)
Europa (Ralph Greenberg)
Europa Fact Sheet (Project Galileo)
Europam - The Existence and Physical Properties of the Europan Ocean (James Waldie)
Europa: Minerals from an Ancient Impact? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 12 Dec 2013)
Europa on Thick Ice (LPI)
Europa's geysers disappear in a cloud of mystery (Adam Mann, New Scientist, 19 Dec 2014)
-- Are Europa's Plumes Really There? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 22 Dec 2014)
Europa: Sulfates and Landing Sites (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 15 Apr 2013)
Our Best View of Europa (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 25 Nov 2014)
Clathrate Hydrates of Oxidants in the Ice Shell of Europa (Kevin P. Hand et al., Astrobiology 6(3):463-82, Jun 2006) PDF
Formation of Cycloidal Features on Europa (Gregory V. Hoppa et al.)
Keck II Observations of Hemispherical Differences in H2O2 on Europa (Kevin P. Hand & Mike E. Brown, arXiv:1303.5895 [astro-ph.EP], 23 Mar 2013)
-- Mapping the Chemistry Needed for Life at Europa (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2013-126, 4 Apr 2013)
-- The Chemistry of Europa's Ocean (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 9 Apr 2013)
The Lure of Europa (Ron Greeley, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 Sep 2005)
On to Europa? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 4 Feb 2015)
Outer Planet Flagship Mission: Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM, NASA JPL)
-- Proposed Mission to Jupiter System Achieves Milestone (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2011-041, 4 Feb 2011)
PDS Map-a-Planet Europa
Plate tectonics found on Europa (Alexandra Witze, Nature News & Comment, 7 Sep 2014)
-- Evidence for Plate Tectonics on Europa (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 11 Sep 2014)
Plumes on Europa (Camille Carlisle, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 12 Dec 2013)
Salts and radiation products on the surface of Europa (M. E. Brown & K. P. Hand, arXiv:1303.0894 [astro-ph.EP], 4 Mar 2013)
-- Astronomers Open Window Into Europa's Ocean (W. M. Keck Observatory News Release, 5 Mar 2013)
-- Into Europa's Ocean (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 6 Mar 2013)
Science Potential from a Europa Lander (R. T. Pappalardo et al., Astrobiology, online 7 Aug 2013)
-- Landing Sites on Europa (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 9 Aug 2013)
The Search for Current Geologic Activity on Europa
(Cynthia Phillips et al., 6 Dec 1999)
The temperature of Europa's subsurface water ocean
(H. J. Melosh et al., Icarus 168:498-502, 2004)
Water Vapor Detected Above Europa (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 16 Dec 2013)

Ganymede (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Ganymede (Galileo Project)
Ganymede Fact Sheet (Project Galileo)
Global Geologic Map of Ganymede (Geoffrey C. Collins et al., USGS Scientific Investigations Map 3237)
A Layered Ocean within Ganymede? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 2 May 2014)
-- Ganymede May Harbor 'Club Sandwich' of Oceans and Ice (Whitney Clavin, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2014-138, 1 May 2014)
Mapping Ganymede (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 13 Feb 2014)
PDS Map-a-Planet Ganymede

Callisto (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Callisto (Galileo Project)
Callisto Fact Sheet (Project Galileo)
PDS Map-a-Planet Callisto


Exploration of Jupiter

Astronomy Scape: Galileo
Cassini Flyby of Jupiter (AGU JGR - Space Physics 109:A9, 2004)
Cassini Jupiter Flyby Science Page (JPL)
Exploring The Planets - Jupiter (CEPS)
Galileo (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Galileo: Journey to Jupiter (Galileo Project Home)
Galileo Mission (USGS Astrogeology)
Galileo Probe (NASA Ames Research Center)
Galileo Project Information (NSSDC)
Galileo's Legacy at Jupiter (JPL)
Internet Galileo Resources
Journey to Jupiter: Images from Galileo
Jovian Minisat Explorer (ESA Science & Technology)
Juno (NASA)
-- NASA's Juno Spacecraft Launches to Jupiter (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2011-245, 5 Aug 2011)
Juno - NASA's Second New Frontiers Mission to Jupiter (University of Wisconsin)
Jupiter Millennium Flyby: December 30, 2000 (JPL)
Jupiter Today (SpaceRef)
Online from Jupiter (NASA Quest)
-- Updates Gopher Archive
On Scientific Assessment of Options for the Disposal of the Galileo Spacecraft (COMPLEX Report, Space Studies Board, U.S. National Academy of Sciences)
Project Galileo: Bringing Jupiter to Earth (Galileo Home Page, JPL)
-- Countdown
-- SSI Education and Public Outreach (SEPO) Website
Unofficial Galileo Home Page (Dan Carlock)
Voyager Science at Jupiter (JPL)

ECOES | Europa Cryo-Ocean Exploration Submersible: Preliminary Design Report (Craig Hutchings et al., 3 May 2004) PDF
Europa Diary (Europa Focus Group, Astrobiology Magazine, 12 May-2 Jun 2003)
The Europa Imperative (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 1 May 2014)
Europa Orbiter Project (ed. Stephen C. Brewster, JPL)
Europa/Vostok Initiative
Galileo Europa Mission (GEM)
Hitting Europa Hard (Interview with Karl Hibbitts, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 May 2006)
Icepick: The Europa Ocean Explorer (Jeff Foust et al.)
ICE (Integrated Cyrobot Experimental) Probe
(Frank Carsey et al., JPL)
JUICE (ESA Science & Technology)
-- Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 8 May 2012)
Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JPL)
Living "Off the Ice" on Europa (Peter Kokh, 1997, updated)
Odysseus Mission: Europa Lander and Subsurface Probe (Cornell)
Onward to Europa: It's time to look for life in Europa's ocean (Lee Billings, Aeon Magazine, 6 May 2014)
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Europa
(U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Space Studies Board, 2000)
Proposed Europa/Io Sample Return Mission (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 28 May 2014)
2030s: The Decade of Europa? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 7 May 2014)

See also Space News: Galileo and Cassini



Exploration of Saturn

A.L.P.O. Saturn Section
Astrobiology Magazine | Saturn Edition
(ed. Helen Matsos et al., NASA)
BAA Saturn Section (D. A. Peach et al., British Astronomical Association)
Images of Saturn and All Available Satellites
(NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Saturn
JPL Saturn (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Occultations of Stars by Saturn (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
The Planet Saturn (USGS Flagstaff)
The radial distribution of water ice and chromophores across Saturn's system (G. Filacchione et al., arXiv:1301.6611 [astro-ph.EP], 28 Jan 2013)
-- Is Saturn's Family Showing Its Age? (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 28 Mar 2013)
Saturn (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Saturn (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Saturn (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Saturn (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Saturn (NSSDC)
Saturn (Windows to the Universe)
Saturn Images Menu (ASU)
Saturn Events (Dan Bruton)
Saturn Observation Campaign (Alice Wessen & Lori Sears, JPL)
USGS Astrogeology: Saturn

Saturn: Commotion in the A Ring (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 15 Apr 2014)
Saturn Ring Plane Crossing Information
Saturn's Rings, Frequently Asked Questions About (Ron Baalke, JPL)
Saturn's Ring System (NASA Planetary Rings Node)
Crucible for Moon Formation in Saturn's Rings
Dust reveals ancient origin for Saturn's rings (Alexandra Witze, Nature News & Comment, 19 Aug 2014)
The population of propellers in Saturn's A Ring (Matthew S. Tiscareno et al., arXiv:0710.4547v1 [astro-ph], 24 Oct 2007)
-- New CU-Boulder Study Confirms First-Known Belt Of Moonlets In Saturn Rings (University of Colorado at Boulder News Release, 24 Oct 2007)
-- Saturn's moonlet belt (Daniel Cressey, The Great Beyond, 25 Oct 2007)
-- Mainly Brit Press, Boulder Camera: Saturn's outermost ring's secret: scads of moonlets (Knight Science Journalism Tracker, 25 Oct 2007)

Saturn System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
A Search for Water Masers in the Saturnian System (Shigeru Takahashi et al., arXiv:1005.1701v1 [astro-ph.EP], 11 May 2010)
The Irregular Satellites of Saturn (Brett Gladman)
A deeper look at the color of Saturnian irregular satellites (Tommy Grav & J. Bauer, astro-ph/0611590, 18 Nov 2006)
The Satellites of Saturn (J. J. Kavelaars, McMaster University)
A Nice Place to Visit? (Douglas L. Smith, Caltech Engineering & Science 69:1:20-26, Jan-Mar 2006) PDF
Enceladus: Making the Case for Life (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 19 Jan 2008)
Enceladus: Secrets of Saturn's Strangest Moon (Carolyn Porco, 'The Restless World of Enceladus,' Scientific American 299:6:52-63, Dec 2008, on-line Nov 2008)
Cassini's Swoop over Enceladus: First Morsels of Science Coming Back Now (Bonnie J. Buratti, NASA's Jet Propulsion Blog, 5 Nov 2009)
As The Crust Turns: Cassini Data Show Enceladus in Motion (Jia-Rui C. Cook, JPL News Release 2010-006, 11 Jan 2010)
A Fizzy Ocean on Enceladus (Dauna Coulter, NASA Science, 26 Jan 2011)
101 Geysers on Enceladus (and What They Imply) (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 31 Jul 2014)
On the Enceladus Ocean (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 7 Apr 2014)
The Subsurface Ocean of Enceladus (Shannon Hall, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 2 Apr 2014)
Variability of Enceladus' Plume (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 1 Aug 2013)
Saturn's Icy Moon Rhea: a Prediction for Bulk Chemical Composition and Physical Structure at the Time of the Cassini Spacecraft First Flyby (Andrew J. R. Prentice, astro-ph/0512115, 5 Dec 2005)
Solving the mystery of Iapetus (Paulo C. Freire, astro-ph/0504653, 29 Apr 2005, revised)
Theory about Atlas morphology (Saturn moon) (Enrique Ordaz Romay, arXiv:0708.1678v1 [astro-ph], 13 Aug 2007)


Exploration of Saturn

Exploring The Planets - Saturn (CEPS)
CASSIE - Cassini at Saturn Interactive Explorer (Cassini-Huygens Multimedia)
Cassini and Dust IDS Web Site (Jeff Cuzzi)
Cassini/CIRS Team Page (Composite Infrared Spectrometer)
Cassini-Huygens (CBC News In Depth)
Cassini-Huygens (ESA)
Cassini-Huygens (ESA Science & Technology)
Cassini-Huygens: Close Encounter with Saturn (NASA)
Cassini-Huygens Mission to Saturn and Titan (JPL)
-- Mission Safety
The Cassini-Huygens Mission to Saturn and Titan
(Samantha Brock & Jeremy Curtis, RAL)
CASSINI / HUYGENS - Remote sensing probe to Saturn
(Jim Lang, RAL)
Cassini-Huygens Saturn Arrival: Press Kit (NASA, Jun 2004) PDF
Cassini Huygens Resources for Schools (PPARC)
Cassini Information (NSSDC)
Cassini MIMI Magnetospheric IMaging Instrument
(JHU Applied Physics Laboratory)
The Cassini Mission (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Cassini Mission (USGS Astrogeology)

Cassini: Mission to Saturn (New Scientist Special Report)
Cassini Photo Essay: A Ring-Side View of Saturn (JPL Multimedia)
Cassini Plutonium for the Technically Minded (Jeff Cuzzi)
Cassini RPWS: Radio and Plasma Wave Science (Donald A. Gurnett)
Cassini's Journeys (Space.com)
Cassini VIMS (Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer) Investigations (Robert H. Brown et al., Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona)
Cassini UVIS Internet Site (UltraViolet Imaging Spectrograph, LASP)
Cassini - Visiting Saturn (NASA's Observatorium)
CICLOPS: The Cassini Imaging Page (Carolyn Porco et al., Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for OPerationS)
CNN - The Cassini Mission - 1997
Exploratorium: Cassini Mission to Saturn & Titan
(Robyn Higdon et al.)
Explore Saturn with the Cassini-Huygens Mission
(The Planetary Society)
Exploring Saturn and Its Titan Moon (David A. Aguila & Carolyn C. Porco, WGBH Forum Network, Boston, 14 Apr 2004)
The Imperial College Cassini Magnetometer Group (London)
Looking for Life in All the Wrong Places: Cassini and Huygens at the Saturn System (Reta Beebe, QCShow Author Lecture of the Week, 13 Mar 2006)
Saturn Cassini Mission (interactive image, National Geographic Magazine, Dec 2006)
New constraints on the delivery of cometary water and nitrogen to Earth from the 15N/14N isotopic ratio (Damien Hutsemekers et al., arXiv:0906.5221v1 [astro-ph.EP], 29 Jun 2009)
-- Comets Seeded Earth's Early Atmosphere (Physics arXiv Blog, Technology Review, 1 Jul 2009)
Saturn Then and Now: 30 Years Since Voyager Visit (Jia-Rui C. Cook, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2010-381, 11 Nov 2010)
Saturn Today (SpaceRef)
Seeing Saturn (TIME.com, 25 Jun 2004)
UKC and the Cassini Project
Voyager Science at Saturn (JPL)

See also Space News: Galileo and Cassini



About the possible role of hydrocarbon lakes in the origin of Titan's noble gas atmospheric depletion (Daniel Cordier et al., arXiv:1008.3712v1 [astro-ph.EP], 22 Aug 2010)
AVIATR -- Aerial Vehicle for In-situ and Airborne Titan Reconnaissance (Jason W. Barnes et al., Experimental Astronomy 33(1):55-127, 2011)
-- AVIATR: Roaming Titan's Skies (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 5 Apr 2012)
-- A Closer Look at the Titan Airplane (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 6 Apr 2012)
Big River on Titan (Camille Carlisle, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 12 Dec 2012)
Cassini Finds Lakes on Titan's Arctic Region
(NASA Mission News, 27 Jul 2006)
Cassini Gets New Views of Titan's Land of Lakes (Jia-Rui Cook, JPL News Release 2013-304, 23 Oct 2013)
Clathrate hydrates as a sink of noble gases in Titan's atmosphere (C. Thomas et al., arXiv:0708.2158v1 [astro-ph], 16 Aug 2007)
Comparing the Triad of Great Moons (Jonathan Lunine, Astrobiology Magazine, 21 Mar 2005)
DNA Nucleobase Synthesis at Titan Atmosphere Analog by Soft X-rays (Sergio Pilling et al., arXiv:0906.3675v1 [astro-ph.EP], 19 Jun 2009)
Does Titan Rain Methane? (Interview with Sushil Atreya, Astrobiology Magazine, 25 Jan 2005)
-- Seasonal Methane Rain Discovered on Titan (Lisa Grossman, Wired, 17 Mar 2011)
Earthbound Tests for Titan Lake Lander (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 13 Aug 2013)
Enthusiast compositions of the Huygens images (Anthony Liekens)
A Glassy Sea on Titan (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 24 Mar 2014)
Global-scale surface spectral variations on Titan seen from Cassini/VIMS (Jason W. Barnes et al., ScienceDirect, 24 Oct 2006) PDF
HST Images of Titan's Surface (Mark Lemmon)
Investigating Titan's Surface (Jonathan Lunine, Astrobiology Magazine, 2 Mar 2005)
The Living Worlds Hypothesis (Interview with David Grinspoon, Astrobiology Magazine, 22 Sep 2005)
Methane World (Interview with Toby Owens, Part 2, Astrobiology Magazine, 19 Jan 2005)
The Missing Methane (Jonathan Lunine, Astrobiology Magazine, 9 Mar 2005)
Moved by Science in Motion: Interview with Al Diaz (Michael Benson, Astrobiology Magazine, 14 Feb 2005)
The mysteries of Titan (Andrew J. LePage, The Space Review, 8 Nov 2010)
New Views of Titan's Lake Country (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 17 Dec 2013)
-- Cassini spots mosaic of Titanic extraterrestrial seas (Simon Redfern, The Conversation, 12 Dec 2013)
PDS Atmospheres Node Data and Services: Huygens
(NASA Planetary Data System)
Photolytically generated aerosols in the mesosphere and thermosphere of Titan (Mao-Chang Liang et al., arXiv:0705.0145v1 [astro-ph], 1 May 2007)
A primordial origin for the atmospheric methane of Saturn's moon Titan (Olivier Mousis et al., arXiv:0908.0430v1 [astro-ph.EP], 5 Aug 2009)
-- How Titan Got Its Atmosphere (arXiv blog, Technology Review, 6 Aug 2009)

Saturn Moons Explorer: Titan (JPL Multimedia)
Saturn's Methane Moon (David Tenenbaum, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 Sep 2006)
Saturn's Titan: A strict test for life's cosmic ubiquity (Jonathan I. Lunine, arXiv:0908.0762v1 [astro-ph.EP], 5 Aug 2009)
Scientists Explain Puzzling Lake Asymmetry on Titan (JPL News, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 30 Nov 2009)
Sea Changes on Saturnian Moon (Camille M. Carlisle, Sky & Telescope, 23 Jun 2014)
See Beautiful Ontario Lacus: Cassini's Guided Tour (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory,15 Jul 2010)
Something Bigger Than Life: Interview with Al Diaz (Michael Benson, Astrobiology Magazine, 16 Feb 2005)
Sunset at Titan: The Problem of Haze (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 29 May 2014)
A Surprise from Ligeia Mare (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 1 Oct 2014)
-- Cassini Watches Mysterious Feature Evolve in Titan Sea (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2014-327, 29 Sep 2014)
Titan (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Titan at the time of the Cassini spacecraft first flyby: a prediction for its origin, bulk chemical composition and internal physical structure (Andrew J. R. Prentice, astro-ph/0602512, 23 Feb 2006, revised)
Titan: Greenhouse and Anti-greenhouse (Talk with Chris McKay, Part III, Astrobiology Magazine, 3 Nov 2005)
Titan: Passport to the Early Earth? (Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, 1 Dec 2005)
Titan: Polar Weather in Flux (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 2 Oct 2014)
-- Swirling Cloud at Titan's Pole is Cold and Toxic (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2014-331, 1 Oct 2014)
Titan Rising, Part I (Michael Benson, Astrobiology Magazine, 20 Feb 2005)
Titan Rising, Part II (Michael Benson, Astrobiology Magazine, 22 Feb 2005)
Titan: A Moon with Atmosphere (Talk with Chris McKay, Part I, Astrobiology Magazine, 27 Oct 2005)
Titan's Atmosphere Under Scrutiny (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 26 Apr 2012)
Titan's Big River (and Thoughts of Jules Verne) (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 13 Dec 2012)
Titan's Face Lifted (Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, 25 May 2005)
Titan's giant dunes track ancient climate (Alexandra Witze, Nature News & Comment, 8 Dec 2014)
Titan's Hazes: A Rich Brew (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 8 Oct 2010)
Titan's Lakes and the Drive to Explore (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 15 Jun 2012)
Titan's Latest Twist: A Hidden Ocean (Kelly Beatty, Sky & Telescope News Blog, 3 Jul 2012)
Titan's Northern Lake Country (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 24 Oct 2013)
Titan solar occultation observations reveal transit spectra of a hazy world (Tyler D. Robinson et al., arXiv:1406.3314 [astro-ph.EP], 12 Jun 2014)
-- Titan Sheds Light on Alien Atmospheres (Shannon Hall, Sky & Telescope, 24 Jun 2014)
Titan's Rocks of Ice (Talk by Chris McKay, Part IV, Astrobiology Magazine, 7 Nov 2005)
Titan: A Vast, Subsurface Ocean? (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 14 Dec 2012)
Titan Weather: Cloudy Every 15 Years (Talk with Chris McKay, Part II, Astrobiology Magazine, 31 Oct 2005)
What is Consuming Hydrogen and Acetylene on Titan? (Jia-Rui Cook & Cathy Weselby, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory News Release 2010-190, 3 Jun 2010)
Widespread Morning Drizzle on Titan (Máté Ádámkovics et al., Science, 11 Oct 2007; abstract)
-- Drizzly Mornings on Xanadu (ESO Press Release, 11 Oct 2007)
-- Methane drizzle on Saturn's moon Titan (Robert Sanders, UC Berkeley Press Release, 11 Oct 2007)
-- Forecasters predict morning drizzle on Titan (Govert Schilling & Maggie McKee, New Scientist, 11 Oct 2007)

The Descent Imager-Spectral Radiometer (DISR) of the Cassini-Huygens Mission to Titan (Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona)
The Descent Imager-Spectral Radiometer of the Cassini-Huygens Mission to Titan (Katie Holso et al., DISR Tucson Team, Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona)
Destination: Titan (Nature Special)
ESA Huygens Probe to Titan...
Huygens (ESA Science)
The Huygens results (ESA - Results from Mars Express and Huygens, 30 Nov 2005)
Huygens Weblog (Emily Lakdawalla, The Planetary Society)
NOVA | Voyage to the Mystery Moon (William Hicklin & Paul Olding, PBS, 4 Apr 2006)
The latest on Titan (ESA Cassini-Huygens, 1 Jun 2007)
Targeting Titan (Interview with Toby Owens, Part 1, Astrobiology Magazine, 18 Jan 2005)



A.L.P.O. Remote Planets Section
Exploring The Planets - Uranus (CEPS)
Images of Uranus and All Available Satellites
(NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Uranus
JPL Uranus (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Occultations of Stars by Uranus (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
The Planet Uranus (USGS Flagstaff)
Uranus (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Uranus (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Uranus (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Fast E-sail Uranus entry probe mission (Pekka Janhunen et al., arXiv:1312.6554 [astro-ph.IM], 23 Dec 2013)
-- Electric Sails: Fast Probe to Uranus (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 14 Jan 2014)

Uranus (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror
Uranus (NSSDC)
Uranus (Windows to the Universe)
Uranus Images Menu (ASU)
Uranus System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
USGS Astrogeology: Uranus
Photometry of Irregular Satellites of Uranus and Neptune
(Tommy Grav et al., astro-ph/0405605, 29 May 2004)
Two New Moons of Uranus (Brett Gladman)
Uranian Moons (J. J. Kavelaars, McMaster University)
The Uranian Ring System (NASA Planetary Rings Node)
Voyager Science at Uranus (JPL)



Exploring The Planets - Neptune (CEPS)
Galileo's Observations of Neptune (Charles T. Kowal, 1979) PDF
-- Did Galileo Discover Neptune? Galileo's Notebooks May Reveal Secrets of New Planet (University of Melbourne Press Release, SpaceRef , 9 Jul 2009)
Galileo's Sighting of Neptune (Stillman Drake & Charles T. Kowal, Scientific American 243:6:52-81, Dec 1980)
Images of Neptune and All Available Satellites
(NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Neptune
JPL Neptune (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
Mid-Infrared Ethane Emission on Neptune and Uranus
(H. B. Hammel et al., astro-ph/0602546, 24 Feb 2006)
Neptune (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Neptune (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Neptune (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Neptune (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror

Neptune (NSSDC)
Neptune (Windows to the Universe)
Neptune Images Menu (ASU)
Neptune's Migration into a Stirred-Up Kuiper Belt: A Detailed Comparison of Simulations to Observations (Joseph M. Hahn & Renu Malhotra, astro-ph/0507319, 13 Jul 2005)
Neptune's Ring System (NASA Planetary Rings Node)
Neptune System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
Occultations of Stars by Neptune (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
Photometry of Irregular Satellites of Uranus and Neptune
(Tommy Grav et al., astro-ph/0405605, 29 May 2004)
The Planet Neptune (USGS Flagstaff)
Remembering Voyager: Triton's New Map (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 29 Aug 2014)
A Survey for "Normal" Irregular Satellites Around Neptune: Limits to Completeness (Scott S. Sheppard, astro-ph/0604552, 26 Apr 2006)
Thinking About Triton (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 29 Aug 2014)
Triton Watch
USGS Astrogeology: Neptune
Voyager Science at Neptune (JPL)



For other Trans-Neptunian Objects, see Kuiper Belt and Oort Cloud.

The Angle on Pluto (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 29 May 2013)
Characteristics and Origin of the Quadruple System at Pluto
(S. Alan Stern et al., astro-ph/0512599, 23 Dec 2005)
Charon's radius and density from the combined data sets of the 2005 July 11 occultation (Michael J. Person et al., astro-ph/0602082, 3 Feb 2006)
Charon: An Ice Machine in the Ultimate Deep Freeze (Gemini Observatory Press Release, 17 Jul 2007)
The Discovery of Two New Satellites of Pluto (Harold A. Weaver Jr. et al., astro-ph/0601018, 2 Jan 2006)
Exploring The Planets - Pluto (CEPS)
First Constraints on Rings in the Pluto System (Andrew J. Steffl & S. A. Stern, astro-ph/0608036, 1 Aug 2006)
The Girl Who Named Pluto (Transcript of interview with Venetia Burney Phair, NASA, 17 Jan 2006)
Hunting Distant Dwarfs (Michael Brown, Astrobiology Magazine, 26 Feb 2007)
Images of Pluto and All Available Satellites
(NASA Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
ISPEC: Virtual Learning Center - Pluto
Is Pluto a giant comet? (Dan Green)
Is Pluto a planet after all? (Stephen Battersby, New Scientist 2718, 27 Jul 2009)
JPL Pluto (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
New Constraints on Additional Satellites of the Pluto System
(Andrew J. Steffl et al., astro-ph/0511837, 30 Nov 2005)
NOVA | The Pluto Files, with Neil deGrasse Tyson (Terri Randall, PBS, 2 Mar 2010)
Occultations by Pluto (Bruno Sicardy, Paris Observatory)
Occultations of Stars by Pluto and Charon (Douglas J. Mink, SAO)
Orbits and photometry of Pluto's satellites: Charon, S/2005 P1 and S/2005 P2 (Marc W. Buie et al., astro-ph/0512491, 20 Dec 2005)
Origins of Pluto's Moons (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 16 Oct 2013)
-- SwRI study finds that Pluto satellites' orbital ballet may hint of long-ago collisions (Southwest Research Center News Release, 9 Oct 2013)
Perspectives on Pluto and Charon (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 11 Jul 2013)
"Planet" and "Plutons", The IAU draft definition of
(IAU press release, Prague, 16 Aug 2006)
-- The Final IAU Resolution on the definition of "planet" ready for voting (Prague, 24 Aug 2006)
The Planet Pluto (USGS Flagstaff)
The Plutinos (Dave Jewitt)
Pluto (Bill Arnett, The Nine Planets)
Pluto (JPL Welcome to the Planets)
-- McGill EPS Mirror
Pluto (NASA Solar System Exploration)
-- JPL Mirror

Pluto (NSSDC)
Pluto (Windows to the Universe)
Pluto and Charon (Calvin J. Hamilton)
-- LANL Mirror
Pluto and Charon (New Horizons)
Pluto and the Solar System | IAU (Lars Lindberg Christensen, International Astronomical Union)
Pluto Gets the Boot - Solar System Shrinks to 8 Planets
(A. J. S. Rayl, The Planetary Society, 24 Aug 2006)
Pluto Home Page
Pluto, the Ninth Planet (Marc W. Buie, Lowell Observatory)
Pluto, perception & planetary politics (David Jewitt & Jane X. Luu, Daedalus, Winter 2007) PDF
The Pluto Portal (Ted A. Nichols II, SWRI)
Pluto's lower atmosphere structure and methane abundance from high-resolution spectroscopy and stellar occultations (Emmanuel Lellouch et al., arXiv:0901.4882v1 [astro-ph.EP], 30 Jan 2009)
-- The lower atmosphere of Pluto revealed (ESO Press Release 08/09, 2 Mar 2009)
Pluto's moon system: survey of the phase space I
(Imre Nagy, astro-ph/0602543, 24 Feb 2006, revised)
Pluto System Query Page (NASA's Planetary Photojournal, JPL)
-- DLR Mirror
-- USGS Mirror
PlutoToday.com | Pluto, Charon, and other Kuiper Belt Objects
The Positions, Colors, and Photometric Variability of Pluto's Small Satellites from HST Observations 2005-2006 (S. Alan Stern et al., astro-ph/0605014, 29 Apr 2006, revised)
A Retrospective on Pluto (insideBritannica, Aug 2007)
The Status of Pluto (M. F. A'Hearn, IAU Division III)
USGS Astrogeology: Pluto

Deep Space: Moving Toward Encounter Mode (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 9 Dec 2014)
A Full Day at Pluto/Charon (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 13 Feb 2015)
The Ice Dwarf Cometh (Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, 20 Dec 2005)
A journey's ending and beginning (Jeff Foust, The Space Review, 23 Jan 2006)
New Horizons | NASA's Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission (Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory)
New Horizons: Shedding Light on Frontier Worlds (SwRI's New Horizons Science Team Web Site)
A New Horizons Update (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 21 Jan 2013)
New Horizons: The KBO Hunt Continues (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 27 May 2014)
New Horizons: Hydra Revealed (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 18 Sep 2014)
-- New Horizons Makes its First Detection of Pluto's Moon Hydra (New Horizons, 12 Sep 2014)
Pluto-bound probe faces crisis (Alexandra Witze, Nature News & Comment, 20 May 2014)
Pushing Beyond Pluto (Paul Gilster, Centaur Dreams, 11 May 2012)
Planetary Society's Pluto Campaign Page
Pluto, Classification and Exploration (Steven J. Dick, Why We Explore, NASA, 5 Sep 2006)
Pluto Mission News (Ted A. Nichols II, SWRI)
What to Look for at Charon (Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams, 16 Jun 2014)

[Home] [Fore] [Up] [Aft] Return to Field Nodes or to The Snark Hunter's Page, go to Index, provide Feedback, or send e-mail to Webmaster.


This page (URL http://www.snark.org/sol2.htm) was last modified on . Last access was from . The current connection, from , logged on at ().